Ophthalmology Set 1

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This set of Ophthalmology Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on Ophthalmology Set 1

Q1 | Distichiasis is:
  • Misdirected eyelashes
  • Accessory row of eyelashes
  • Downward drooping of upper lid
  • Outward protrusion of lower lid
Q2 | Band shaped keratopathy is commonly caused by deposition of:
  • Magnesium salt
  • Calcium salt
  • Ferrous salt
  • Copper salt
Q3 | Irrespective of the etiology of a corneal ulcer, the drug alwaysindicated is:
  • Corticosteroids
  • Cycloplegics
  • Antibiotics
  • Antifungals
Q4 | Dense scar of cornea with incarceration of iris is known as:
  • Adherent Leucoma
  • Dense leucoma
  • Ciliary staphyloma
  • Iris bombe
Q5 | Corneal sensations are diminished in:
  • Herpes simplex
  • Conjunctivitis
  • Fungal infections
  • Marginal keratitis
Q6 | The color of fluorescein staining in corneal ulcer is:
  • Yellow
  • Blue
  • Green
  • Royal blue
Q7 | Phlycten is due to:
  • Endogenous allergy
  • Exogenous allergy
  • Degeneration
  • None of the above
Q8 | A recurrent bilateral conjunctivitis occurring with the onset of hot weather in young boys with symptoms of burning, itching, and lacrimation with large flat topped cobble stone papillae raised areas in the palpebral conjunctiva is:
  • Trachoma
  • Phlyctenular conjunctivitis
  • Mucopurulent conjunctivitis
  • Vernal keratoconjunctivitis
Q9 | Which of the following organism can penetrate intact cornealepithelium?
  • Strept pyogenes
  • Staph aureus
  • Pseudomonas pyocyanaea
  • Corynebacterium diphtheriae
Q10 | A 12 years old boy receiving long term treatment for spring catarrh,developed defective vision in both eyes. The likely cause is:
  • Posterior subcapsular cataract
  • Retinopathy of prematurity
  • Optic neuritis
  • Vitreous hemorrhage
Q11 | A young child suffering from fever and sore throat began to complain of lacrimation. On examination, follicles were found in the lower palpebral conjunctiva with tender preauricular lymph nodes. The most probable diagnosis is:
  • Trachoma
  • Staphylococal conjunctivitis
  • Adenoviral conjunctivitis
  • Phlyctenular conjunctivitis
Q12 | Patching of the eye is contraindicated in:
  • Corneal abrasion
  • Bacterial corneal ulcer
  • Mucopurulent conjunctivitis
  • After glaucoma surgery
Q13 | Ten years old boy complains of itching. On examination, there are mucoid nodules with smooth rounded surface on the limbus, and mucous white ropy mucopurulent conjunctival discharge. He most probably suffers from:
  • Trachoma
  • Mucopurulent conjunctivitis
  • Bulbar spring catarrh
  • Purulent conjunctivitis
Q14 | In viral epidemic kerato-conjunctlvitis characteristically there isusually:
  • Copious purulent discharge
  • Copious muco-purulent discharge
  • Excessive watery lacrimation
  • Mucoid ropy white discharge
Q15 | Corneal Herbert's rosettes are found in:
  • Mucopurulent conjunctivitis
  • Phlyctenular keratoconjunctivitis
  • Active trachoma
  • Spring catarrh
Q16 | A patient complains of maceration of skin of the lids and conjunctiva redness at the inner and outer canthi. Conjunctival swab is expected to show:
  • Slaphylococcus aureus.
  • Streptococcus viridans.
  • Streptococcus pneumonae
  • Morax- Axenfeld diplobacilli
Q17 | Tranta's spots are noticed in cases of:
  • Active trachoma
  • Bulbar spring catarrh
  • Corneal phlycten
  • Vitamin A deficiency
Q18 | A painful, tender, non itchy localized redness of the conjunctiva canbe due to:
  • Bulbar spring catarrh.
  • Episcleritis.
  • Vascular pterygium.
  • Phlyctenular conjunctivitis.
Q19 | In trachoma the patient is infectious when there is:
  • Arlt's line
  • Herbert's pits
  • Post-trachomatous concretions.
  • Follicles and papillae in the palpebral conjunctiva.
Q20 | A female patient 18 years old, who is contact lens wearer since two years, is complaining of redness, lacrimation and foreign body sensation of both eyes. On examination, visual acuity was 6/6 with negative fluorescein test. The expected diagnosis can be:
  • Acute anterior uveitis.
  • Giant papillary conjunctivitis.
  • Bacterial corneal ulcer.
  • Acute congestive glaucoma
Q21 | Fifth nerve palsy could cause:
  • Ptosis
  • Proptosis
  • Neuropathic keratopathy
  • Lagophthalmos
Q22 | Topical steroids are contraindicated in a case of viral corneal ulcerfor fear of:
  • Secondary glaucoma
  • Cortical cataract.
  • Corneal perforation
  • Secondary viral infection.
Q23 | The sure diagnostic sign of corneal ulcer is
  • Ciliary injection
  • Blepharospasm
  • Miosis
  • Positive fluorescein test.
Q24 | The effective treatment of dendritic ulcer of the cornea is:
  • Surface anesthesia
  • Local corticosteroids
  • Systemic corticosteroids
  • Acyclovir ointment
Q25 | Herpes simplex keratitis is characterized by:
  • Presence of pus in the anterior chamber
  • No tendency to recurrence
  • Corneal hyposthesia
  • Tendency to perforate