Ophthalmology Set 6

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This set of Ophthalmology Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on Ophthalmology Set 6

Q1 | what type of surgery is performed for a patient with large angle right esotropia:
  • Right recession
  • Right resection
  • Lateral rectus resection & medial rectus recession on right eye
  • Lateral rectus resection & medial rectus recession on left eye
Q2 | All the following are true about branch vein occlusion, except:
  • Improves with time and minimal visual loss
  • Surgery is indicated if the macula is not involved
  • Steroids and anti-VGEF are rarely used
  • There are two types; ischemic & non ischemic
Q3 | In diabetic macular edema, one is true:
  • Pan retinal photocoagulation is the first line of management
  • Anti-VGEF is the first line of treatment
  • All treatment modules have poor visual acuity
  • Treatment protocol depends on presenting vision
Q4 | All the following are true regarding retinal detachment, except:
  • Uveitis cause exudative type
  • DM cause tractional type
  • Posterior vitreous detachment causes rhegmatogenous type
  • Surgery indicated for all types
Q5 | One of the following regarding age-related macular degeneration is correct:
  • The dry type does not convert to the wet type
  • Anti-VEGF is the drug of choice
  • There is reduction in central vision
  • Fluorescein angiography and optical coherence tomography can be used for diagnosis
Q6 | All the following are true regarding retinitis pigmentosa, except:
  • Day light vision spared all over life
  • Complains of loss of night vision
  • Autosomal Dominant type is the mildest form
  • Loss of peripheral vision
Q7 | All the following are related to angle closure glaucoma, except:
  • Common in high myopes
  • Painful red eye
  • Acute presentation
  • Treatment for both eyes
Q8 | Most common nerve affected by blow-out fracture:
  • Infra-orbital nerve.
  • Supratrochlear nerve.
  • Optic nerve.
  • Nasocilliary nerve.
Q9 | About choroidal melanoma, one of the following is true:
  • If there is no visual potential for the eye, enucleation is recommended
  • Can be preceded by choroidal nevus
  • Lymphatic spread is common
  • Brachytherapy can be used for tumors of any size
Q10 | All the following are caused by blunt trauma, except:
  • Uveitis
  • Glaucoma
  • Cataract
  • Sympathetic ophthalmitis
Q11 | About chemical injury of the eye, all the following are true, except:
  • Alkali is neutralized with weak acid
  • Alkali most severe
  • Limbal ischemia means poor prognosis
  • Do not use Vit. C in non-alkali burns
Q12 | All the following are side effects of acetazolamide, except:
  • Bronchial asthma
  • Renal stones
  • Aplastic anemia
  • Steven Johnson syndrome
Q13 | One of the following does not cause leukocoria:
  • Retinitis pigmentosa
  • Cataract
  • Retinoblastoma
  • Old total retinal detachment
Q14 | Which of the following is an indication for oral steroids in thyroid eye disease?
  • Corneal exposure
  • Periorbital edema
  • Chemosis
  • Dry eyes
Q15 | Bitemporal hemianopia is caused by a problem in the:
  • Optic chiasm
  • Optic radiation
  • Thalamus
  • Optical cortex
Q16 | Which of the following is present only in acute phase of thyroid eye disease?
  • Lid retraction
  • Lid lag
  • Diplopia
  • Chemosis
Q17 | Which of the following is not part of the thyroid eye disease?
  • Optic disc swelling
  • Choroidal neovascular membrane
  • Restrictive myopathy
  • Ophthalmoplegia
Q18 | Which cataract does improve near vision?
  • Cortical
  • Sutural
  • Nuclear
  • Morgagnian
Q19 | In which cataract does vision improve with changing glasses or wearing glasses?
  • Christmas tree
  • Nuclear
  • Hypermature
  • Lamellar
Q20 | Which cataract is associated with intraocular inflammation?
  • Nuclear
  • Posterior subcapsular
  • Hypermature
  • Cortical
Q21 | Which of the following Least systemic diseases to cause least peripheral ulcerative keratitis:
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Weigner granulomatosis
  • Sarcoidosis
Q22 | Regarding the optic nerve, which of the following is false?
  • The intracanalicular segment is the longest
  • The intraocular segment is the shortest
  • It has a central cavity called the cup
  • It represents the blind spot
Q23 | Which is most common type of cataract due to chronic use of steroids:
  • Posterior subcapsular
  • Nuclear
  • Anterior subcortical
  • Christmas tree
Q24 | Ethambutol (used to treat tuberculosis) causes:
  • Optic neuropathy
  • Cataract
  • Glaucoma
  • Keratopathy
Q25 | The left eye is looking straight on primary position, while the right eye is looking upward, which of the following is true?
  • Left hypertropia
  • Left hypotropia
  • Right hypertropia
  • Left hypermetropia