Ophthalmology Set 4

On This Page

This set of Ophthalmology Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on Ophthalmology Set 4

Q1 | A young patient with sudden painless loss of vision, with systolic murmur and ocular examination reveals a cherry red spot with clear AC, the likely diagnosis is:
  • Central Retinal Artery Occlusion
  • Central Retinal Vein Occlusion
  • Diabetes Mellitus
  • Branch Retinal Vein Occlusion
Q2 | Amaurotic cat's eye reflex is seen in:
  • Papilloedema
  • Retinoblastoma
  • Papillitis
  • Retinitis
Q3 | Commonest lesion which hinders vision in diabetic retinopathy is:
  • Macular oedema
  • Microaneurysm
  • Retinal hemorrhage
  • Retinal detachment
Q4 | Commotio retinae is seen in:
  • Concussion injury
  • Papilloedema
  • Central retinal vein thrombosis
  • Central retinal artery thrombosis
Q5 | Night blindness is caused by:
  • Central retinal vein occlusion
  • Dystrophies of retinal rods
  • Dystrophies of the retinal cones
  • Retinal detachment
Q6 | In Central retinal artery occlusion, a cherry red spot is due to:
  • Hemorrhage at macula
  • Increased choroidal perfusion
  • Increase in retinal perfusion at macula
  • The contrast between pale retina and reddish choroids
Q7 | The most common primary intraocular malignancy in adults is:
  • Retinoblastoma
  • Choroidal melanoma
  • Squamous cell carcinoma of conjunctiva
  • Iris nevus
Q8 | A patient of old standing diabetes mellitus noticed sudden muscae volitanes. On examination, the red reflex was dim, with no details of fundus could be seen. He might have:
  • Non proliferative diabetic retinopathy
  • Cystoid macular edema
  • Vitreous hemorrhage
  • Central retinal vein occlusion
Q9 | Occlusion of the lower nasal branch of the central retinal artery results in one of the following field defects:
  • Lower nasal sector field defect
  • Upper nasal sector field defect
  • Upper temporal field defect
  • Lower temporal sector field defect
Q10 | Primary optic atrophy results from:
  • Retinal disease
  • Chronic glaucoma
  • Papilledema
  • Neurological disease
Q11 | Retro-bulbar optic neuritis is characterized by:
  • Marked swelling of the optic disc.
  • Impaired direct light reflex in the affected eye
  • Impaired consensual light reflex in the affected eye
  • Normal visual acuity
Q12 | The type of optic atrophy that follows retro-bulbar neuritis is:
  • Secondary optic atrophy
  • Consecutive optic atrophy
  • Glaucomatous optic atrophy
  • Primary optic atrophy
Q13 | A male patient 30 years old with visual acuity of 6/6 in both eyes. Twelve hours ago he presented with drop of vision of the left eye. On examination, visual acuity was 6/6 in the right eye and 6/60 in the left eye. Fundus examination showed blurred edges of the left optic disc. The most probable diagnosis is:
  • Raised intra cranial pressure
  • Raised ocular tension
  • Central retinal artery occlusion
  • Optic neuritis
Q14 | All are seen in 3rd nerve palsy except:
  • Ptosis
  • Diplopia
  • Miosis
  • Outwards eye deviation
Q15 | Homonymous hemianopia is due to lesion at:
  • Optic tract
  • Optic nerve
  • Optic chiasma
  • Retina
Q16 | Which is not found in papilloedema?
  • Blurred vision
  • Blurred margins of disc
  • Cupping of disc
  • Retinal edema
Q17 | Optic disc diameter is:
  • 1 mm
  • 1.5 mm
  • 2 mm
  • 3 mm
Q18 | Optic nerve function is best studied by:
  • Direct Ophthalmoscope
  • Retinoscope
  • Perimetry
  • Gonioscopy
Q19 | Optic nerve axon emerges from:
  • Ganglion cells
  • Rods and cones
  • Amacrine cells
  • Inner nuclear layer
Q20 | Papilloedema has all the following characteristics except:
  • Marked loss of vision
  • Blurring of disc margins
  • Hyperemia of disc
  • Field defect
Q21 | Homonymous hemianopia is the result of a lesion in:
  • Optic chiasma
  • Retina
  • optic tract
  • Optic nerve
Q22 | Mydriasis is present in all the following except:
  • Third nerve lesion
  • Pontine haemorrhage
  • Datura poisoning
  • Fourth stage of anesthesia
Q23 | D-shaped pupil occurs in:
  • Iridocyclitis
  • Iridodenesis
  • Cyclodialsis
  • Iridodialysis
Q24 | In complete third nerve paralysis the direction of the affected eye in the primary position is:
  • Inward
  • Outward
  • Outward and up
  • Outward and down
Q25 | All the following are extraocular muscle of eye except:
  • Superior rectus
  • Ciliary muscle
  • Inferior oblique
  • Superior oblique