On This Page

This set of Organisational Behaviour Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on Personality Set 1

Q1 | Which strategy IMPROVES the reliability of a research design?
  • make the test shorter
  • standardize all circumstances under which the test is administered, including instructions.
  • delete all items from the test that do not correlate with the other items.
  • b and c only
Q2 | Which of the statements below are FALSE?
  • Since Personality psychology has competing viewpoints, it is considered a paradigm.
  • Science judges the truth of statements based on the empirical methoD:)
  • Personality encompasses diverse qualities of individuals (E:)g., biology, social influences, childhood experiences, etC:))
  • Science demands that hypotheses be discarded if they are not confirmed by observation.
Q3 | Which range best targets the number of "Central Traits" that have been identified?
  • 08-May
  • 5-200
  • 17,000-18,000
  • 19,000-20,000
Q4 | Which of the following examples is most likely to have a negative correlation?
  • Number of hours spent studying and test scores
  • Amount of violent television viewed and number of aggressive acts committed
  • How many times the subject smiles per day and their unhappiness level
  • Weight and height
Q5 | he Ancient Greeks hypothesized that there were 4 different personality characteristics. The fourcharacteristics are
  • irritability, optimism, pessimism, calmness
  • calmness, depression, pessimism, irritability
  • depression, irritability, pessimism, optimism
  • irritability, depression, optimism, calmness
Q6 | Sheldon proposed three different types of traits. The traits that would best describe a footballplayer would be:
  • mesomorph
  • endomorph
  • ectomorph
  • actinomorphy
Q7 | Which of the following would be an example of a correlational strategy of academic research?
  • testing a hypothesis with an experimental group
  • having a group fill out questionnaires
  • using the scientific method
  • a clinician diagnosing his/her patient
Q8 | If you had a correlation of positive one, the related items would be:
  • completely unrelated
  • moderately correlated
  • very highly correlated
  • identical
Q9 | In analyzing data, measurements are sometimes categorical, for example "smiles" or "frowns". Thistype of measurement is called
  • qualitative measurement
  • quantitative measurement
  • reliability
  • validity
Q10 | If you say that a movie is really good and you like it you would also assume that your best friendwould like it. What implicit personality theory is this?
  • stereotype
  • perceived similarity
  • Halo effect
  • observer bias
Q11 | From the Big Five personality dimensions, behaviours such as speaking fluently, displayingambition, and exhibiting a high degree of intelligence is
  • Agreeableness
  • Openness
  • Extraversion
  • Conscientiousness
Q12 | Psychologists seek to understand Robs personality through his thoughts, beliefs and their impacton his behavior in certain situations. This is known as the
  • trait approach
  • humanistic approach
  • cognitive approach
  • psychoanalytic approach
Q13 | Devins personality is researched through 3 factors: extraversion, neuroticism and psychoticism.This personality trait model is called
  • Eysencks Trait Model
  • Myers-Briggs Type Indicator
  • Smith Model
  • Cattells Sixteen factor Model
Q14 | What type of personality focuses on how people adapt to everyday life and intervenes to improvethe lives of individuals through therapy?
  • Academic psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Practical Psychology
  • Applied Psychology
Q15 | Which of the following would be a phenomenological approach to the study of personality?
  • emphasize subjects feelings
  • emphasize subjects thoughts
  • emphasize the meaning that people ascribe to events, not simply the objective events themselves
  • All of the above
Q16 | What is the trait approach to personality?
  • Assumes that people are motivated by unconscious emotional conflicts
  • Assumes that each individual has stable personality characteristics
  • Assumes that peoples thoughts and beliefs are central to personality
  • Assumes that people have an innate tendency to become self-actualized
Q17 | William Sheldon suggested that body build was associated with personality traits. Which one bestdescribes a person whos sensitive and intellectual?
  • conservative
  • neurotic
  • endomorph
  • ectomorph
Q18 | Natali . What is the difference between nomothetic and idiographic approaches to personality?
  • nomothetic approaches seek to find generalized laws of behaviour that help us classify people in terms of their similarities, while idiographic approaches seek to find what makes people unique
  • nomothetic approaches view only the differences between people, while ideographic approaches seek to find similarities
  • ideographic approaches try to categorize people, while nomothetic approaches don’t
  • None of them
Q19 | D What is one of the main assumptions of the trait approach to personality?
  • traits are not very stable across the lifespan and are therefore weak predictors of personality
  • traits stay relatively stable across the lifespan
  • traits change drastically around the age of 6 years, which has to be taken into account when predicting personality
  • None of them
Q20 | Which of the following is NOT given as a criticism of the Type A/B personality theory?
  • most of the research on Type A personality is purely correlational
  • there is a lack of cross-cultural research
  • the questionnaires that claim to measure Type A personality have poor internal reliability scores
  • None of them
Q21 | What is meant by ‘interactionism’ in personality psychology?
  • the view that the interaction between people shapes their personalities
  • the view that there is reciprocal interaction between personality, situations and the environment
  • the view that children should interact with other children as much as possible to shape a personality that will benefit them in their later lives
  • None of them
Q22 | There are ———- trait dimensions did Cattell propose?
  • 2
  • 3
  • 16
  • 117
Q23 | Which of the following are the aim of behavioural genetics is to learn about:
  • the possibility of eradicating behavioural problems in children
  • the ability of animals to learn the language
  • the extent to which geneticists can modify people’s behaviour
  • the genetic and environmental influences on human behaviour
Q24 | Which of the following characteristics describe someone who, according to Maslow, is selfactualized?
  • creativity
  • confidence
  • Spontaneity
  • all of the above
Q25 | Which of the following is not a defence mechanism?
  • ingratiation
  • regression
  • projection
  • Sublimation