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This set of Organisational Behaviour Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on Attitude, Value and Motivation Set 2

Q1 | It is argued that individuals are motivated differently, and the strength of theirmotivation depends on a variety of factors, such as:
  • Needs, personality
  • Perceptions about whether more effort will result in achieving goals
  • Rewards and expectations about whether the rewards for achieving the goals will actually meet the individual’s needs.
  • All of the above
Q2 | If a person has two important attitudes, those attitudes are likely to be:Sol:
  • Mutually consistent
  • Accessible
  • Persistent over time
  • All of the above
Q3 | Which people tend to have the strongest attitudes?Sol:
  • Young adults
  • Middle-aged adults
  • Older adults
  • None of the above
Q4 | Which people make riskier decisions?Sol:
  • Individuals
  • Group members at the beginning of a discussion
  • Group members after a discussion
  • None of the above
Q5 | What is one difference between cognitive dissonance theory and balance theory?Sol:
  • Balance theory does not relate to consistency
  • Cognitive dissonance theory does not relate to cognition
  • Cognitive dissonance theory does not concern relationships between people
  • None of the above
Q6 | When are people more likely to learn selectively?Sol:
  • During incidental learning
  • During intentional learning
  • During active learning
  • Both B and C
Q7 | Which group is more likely to show selective attention?Sol:
  • Repressors
  • Sensitizers
  • Extroverts
  • None of the above
Q8 | People are more selective about exposure to content when:Sol:
  • Dissonance is decreased
  • An attitude is personally important
  • Sequentially arriving information increases commitment
  • Both B and C
Q9 | Dissonance can be described as:Sol:
  • A motivational state
  • A state of arousal
  • Both A and B
  • Neither A nor B
Q10 | Cognitive dissonance research has mostly focused on:Sol:
  • Attitude change
  • Behaviour change
  • Both A and B
  • Neither A nor B
Q11 | What is one similarity between classic attitudes research and newer social cognitionresearch?Sol:
  • Metatheories
  • Theories of cognition
  • Methods from cognitive psychology
  • None of the above
Q12 | Why was social cognition research initially spurned by traditionalist researchersSol:
  • It did not include enough of an affective component
  • It did not involve enough of a behavioural component
  • It was thought to be redundant with cognitive psychological research
  • It was thought to be redundant with attitudes research
Q13 | Which among the following is the correct order of Maslows’ Need Hierarchy Theory ofMotivation starting from lower to higher level need?
  • Safety and Security Needs, Physiological Need, Social Needs, Self-esteem Needs, SelfActualization Needs
  • Social Needs, Physiological Need, Safety and Security Needs, Self-esteem Needs, SelfActualization Needs
  • Physiological Need, Safety and Security Needs, Social Needs, Self-esteem Needs, SelfActualization Needs
  • Self-Actualization Needs , Physiological Need, Safety and Security Needs, Social Needs, Self-esteem Needs
Q14 | Which among the following is not a deficiency need that arises due to deprivation?Sol:
  • Safety and Security Needs
  • Social Needs
  • Self-esteem Needs
  • Self-Actualization Needs
Q15 | According to Maslow’s need hierarchy theory motivation, the lower level of human needsemanates from _____
  • Need of maintaining a given economic level
  • Needs like food, clothing, shelter, air, water
  • Need of individuals to associate, belong with others
  • Need for power, self-respect, autonomy, self-confidence,
Q16 | Which among the following is the lowest level need under Need Hierarchy Theory ofMotivation?Sol:
  • Physiological Need
  • Safety and Security Needs
  • Social Needs
  • Self-esteem Needs
Q17 | One trait that dominates a personality so much that it influences nearly everything a person does is
  • Global Trait
  • Cardinal Trait
  • Specific trait
  • Central Trait
Q18 | The method of science requires that independent observers must:
  • verify data
  • state a hypothesis in a form that can be tested
  • derive a hypothesis from theory
  • All of the above
Q19 | Talkative vs. silent; frank, open vs. secretive; adventurous vs. cautious; sociable vs. reclusivethesetraits describe which dimension of personality?
  • Agreeableness
  • Conscientiousness
  • Extraversion
  • Culture
Q20 | Approximately how many trait words for personality are there in the English language?
  • 18,000
  • 1,000
  • 10,000
  • 500
Q21 | Who is the pioneer that proposed the 16 basic dimensions of normal personality and devised aquestionnaire (16PF) to measure them?
  • Carl Jung
  • Raymond Cattell
  • Julian Rotter
  • Gordon Allport
Q22 | When analyzing a past president to describe his personality by coding letters or speeches he haswritten, you are using a process called
  • Big Five
  • content analysis
  • personality assumptions
  • Implicit Personality Theory
Q23 | The best known lexical research on terms relevant to personality was conducted by whom and howmany terms were compiled in this study?
  • Sheldon/3
  • Ancient Greeks/4
  • Allport/17,953
  • Gordon/5
Q24 | During psychology you are falling asleep. You know last night you only got three hours of sleep; therefore you have a valid reason. The person sitting in front of you is sleeping also. You automatically think that they are lazy and really dont care about the class. This is an example of
  • Halo effect
  • Implicit Personality Theory
  • Observer bias
  • stereotype
Q25 | Positive correlations (from 0.01 to 1.00) indicate that, as one factor goes ________, the otherfactor goes __________.
  • down, up
  • up, down
  • up, up
  • both a and b