Neuro Test 2

aphasia is a disorder whose primary deficits are in cognition
T or F

false

aphasia can present with or without motor difficulties
T or F

true

aphasia only occurs as a result of a stroke

false

automatic language is a reflexive response closely tied to a stimulus
T or F

true

SLP's should assess quality of life for all patients in the acute stage of acquired communication impairment
T or F

false

persons with right hemi impairment can benefit from reduced distraction in their communicative environment
T or F

true

persons with right hemi disorder do not demonstrate personality changes
T or F

false

open head injuries are consistent with a pattern of diffuse axonal injury
T or F

false

coupe and contra-coupe damage occur most often from an acceleration-deceleration related closed head injury
T or F

true

post traumatic epilepsy is a frequent consequence to traumatic brain injury
T or F

true

neurofibrillary tangles are present in the brains of those diagnoses with chronic traumatic encephalopathy
T or F

true

each successive concussion usually results in progressively worsening symptoms
T or F

true

dementia can only be acquired through genetic predisposition
T or F

false

lewy body dementia can present with cortical or subcortical symptomology
T or F

true

word finding difficulties are common in the early stages of Alzheimer's
T or F

true

vascular dementia has a slower onset than Alzheimer's type dementia
T or F

false

language impairment associated with aphasia can occur in

speaking, listening, reading, and writing

what test is the most commonly used to test aphasia

western aphasia battery

what test is the most commonly used to test dementia

Arizona battery of communication for dementia

what test is the most commonly used to test right hemi disorder

ross information processing assessment

the classification of aphasia results to differences in which language abilities

expressive, receptive, repetition

an assessment of aphasia would include:
A. case history
B. standardized language assessment
C. funcional communication assessment
D. evaluation of cognition
A-C
All

all of the above

the prognosis of improvement in aphasia is based on:
A. age of onset
B. presence of comorbid conditions
C. size lesion
D. lesion localization
all of the above
none

all of the above

which is not a treatment for aphasia:
schuell's stimulation
melodic intonation
spaced-retrival
constraint-induced
errorless learning

spaced-retrieval

as assessment of right hemi disorder would include:
A. case history
B. chart review
C. formal test of right hemi disorder
D. informal testing of cognitive deficits
A-C
all

all of the above

right hemisphere deficits include

impaired ability to comprehend and/or use facial expression, to comprehend and/or use prosody, and to inference

right hemisphere deficits do not include

impaired ability to repeat atypical words and phrases

states of consciousness in correct order

coma
vegetative state
minimally conscious state
post-traumatic amnesia

what are secondary mechanisms of TBI

traumatic hydrocephalus
increased intracranial pressure
cerebral edema

what are part of the neurometabolic cascade

ionic flux
glucose hypermetabolism
glucose hypometabolism

the Glasgow coma scale rates level of arousal based on responses in which areas

eye opening
verbal response
motor response

which are treatment for TBI:
A. spaced-retrieval
B. sensory stimulation
C. internal memory strategies
D. external memory strategies
A and B
All

all of the above

which neuropathological structures are associated with Alzheimers

amyloid plaques
neurofibrillary tangles
granulovascular degeneration

which neuropathological structures are associated with Pick's disease

pick's bodies
ballooned neurons

which neuropathological structures are associated with Parkinson's

Lewy bodies

an assessment of TBI would include:
A. case history
B. formal assessment of language function
C. formal assessment of cognitive function
D. functional assessment of language function
A and C
All

all of the above

an assessment of dementia would include:
A. case history
B. formal assessment of lang function
C. Arizona battery
D. rating scales of cognitive and language ability
A, C, and D
All

A, C, and D

which is treatment for dementia:
A. reminiscence
B. montessori
C. spaced-retrieval
D. external memory aids
A, C, and D
All

all of the above

which of the following indirect treatments support persons with dementia
A. safety proofing home
B. posting signs on doors for identification
C. using slower speech and shorter sentences
D. maintaining their routine
E. avoiding teasing and sarcasm
all of

all of the above

a deficit in word retrieval for expression

anomia

condition of being unable to recognitive that a deficit exists or denying its existence despite evidence

anosognosia

condition in which individual is unable to recognize or acknowledge a part of own body as belonging to themselves

asomatognosia

difficulty processing and recognizing the faces of others

prosopagnosia

inconsistent fluctuation in consciousness whose onset is associated with a general medical condition

delirium

diminished use of a neglected limb despite it being motorically intact

motor neglect

inability to fully use a limb on one side of body due to weakness

hemiparesis

inability to attend to sensory info from one side of the environment

hemispatial neglect

acquired global loss of brain function with a slow insidious onset

dementia

acquired deficits in language abilities that arise as a result of damage to the cortex

cortical aphasias

treatment designed to elicit repeated correct behaviors and reduce perseverative responses

errorless learning

language impairment in which comprehension is significantly impaired and expression is fluent but often empty of meaning

wernicke's aphasia

the revision of a word/phrase to produce it error-free

self-repair

language impairment in which comprehension is relatively intact but verbal expression is impaired

Broca's aphasia

language impairment in which both comprehension and expression are severely impaired

global aphasia

the ability of part of the brain to change its function, taking on new roles

neuroplasticity

a minimally responsive state, lacking consciousness that lasts greater than 4 weeks

persistent vegetative state

language impairment that is associated with frontotemporal dementia

primary progressive aphasia