How to prepare the reed to play
Soak the reed for about 5 minutes in room temperature or warm water. Avoid oversoaking (bloated reed) by pinching the blades together and wiping off excess water if needed.
whistle-like" Puckered lips that hug the reed at all times, flat chin. Reed rests upon the lower lip about 1/3 inserted.
Followed by breathing, compressing the lips around the reed and touching the reed with your tongue at this point the player should fe
How to fix: Distorted sound
Make sure reed is fully pushed in.
How to fix: Tone lacking control
Reed is wiggly in mouth, firm embouchure
How to fix: Weak tone
Increase abdominal air support
How to hold the oboe
RH anchored to the F#/C# keys
LH anchored to the B key
Balanced between the RH thumb, LH index, and embouchure
How to fix: The Gripping Thumb
Occurs in LH thumb, shift weight to the index finger to fix
How to get lower range to speak:
Relaxed lips, "Poo"
Very little reed in mouth
How to get high range to speak:
More compression, firm pucker
More focus and direction in air stream
Take in more reed
How to fix: Too sharp
2. Open inside mouth (poo)
3. Take in less reed
4. Bring the oboe closer to the body
5. Sing the pitch
How to fix: Too flat
1. Blow with more energy
2. More firmness in lips
3. Aim high air
4. More reed in mouth, can be done by tilting the instrument away from the body
How to play loud
Set your embouchure up, then loosing a bit adding more abdominal support
High Pressured air
How to fix: Low endurance
Check for 'biting' of the reed- this can also be caused by lazy air
How to fix: Dizzy oboist
Reduce the amount of stale air within the player, release old air, wait, then take in new air,
Start with "tee:
Legato "loo" or "Do"
tongue by touching the tongue to the reed like interrupting a water stream with your finger
How to fix: Articulation problems
Avoid throat and embouchure movement
Make sure you're using high pressure air
Use just a bit of tongue to avoid thudding
More further back on the reed
Articulate using one wind (the same breath)
Singing a note and make it vibrate, this same principle applied to oboe. If you blow right it will appear.
Whistle without actually creating the pitches
Move the jaw open and closed to create vibrato
yo, yo, yo" while playing
A weak attempt at a cough while playing
A laughing feeling where the chest meets the neck emulated when playing
English Horn Similarities and Differences
Appearance, Fingerings, manner of playing
Size, Weight, Tone, Reed, Keyed in F
Care of the oboe
Swab after playing. Avoid sudden temperature changes, oil joints each season.
Parts of a double reed
True or False
Always buy store and machine made reeds, avoid independent reed makers.
Reed problems: Too closed/sharp
wet then gently pinch open. Clean with pipe cleaner.
Reed problems: Too Open
Wet then pinch closed
Reed problems: too vibrant/flat/easy
Clip about 1/4mm off the top
Reed problems: Not vibrant
Scrape the channels in the heart
Reed problems: Unfocused
Thin the sides
Separate the tip from the sides by scraping gently
How to fix: Jumping up 8va
Player is not covering all holes fully (half hole)- check to ensure holes are properly covered
Player is accidentally hitting an octave key - check hand position
Reed is too thin - move to a medium strength reed
What is forked F and when to use it
The "forked" F tends toward a sound that might be described as "muted" or sometimes even "fuzzy," and should therefore generally be avoided where possible.
This F is necessary to smoothly move between F and any note that requires use of the ring finger of