Oboe

How to prepare the reed to play

Soak the reed for about 5 minutes in room temperature or warm water. Avoid oversoaking (bloated reed) by pinching the blades together and wiping off excess water if needed.

Embouchure

whistle-like" Puckered lips that hug the reed at all times, flat chin. Reed rests upon the lower lip about 1/3 inserted.
Followed by breathing, compressing the lips around the reed and touching the reed with your tongue at this point the player should fe

How to fix: Distorted sound

Make sure reed is fully pushed in.

How to fix: Tone lacking control

Reed is wiggly in mouth, firm embouchure

How to fix: Weak tone

Increase abdominal air support

How to hold the oboe

curved fingers
RH anchored to the F#/C# keys
LH anchored to the B key
Balanced between the RH thumb, LH index, and embouchure
Avoid tension

How to fix: The Gripping Thumb

Occurs in LH thumb, shift weight to the index finger to fix

How to get lower range to speak:

Relaxed lips, "Poo"
Relaxed jaw
Very little reed in mouth
"YAW" syllable

How to get high range to speak:

More compression, firm pucker
More focus and direction in air stream
Take in more reed
"EE" sylllable

How to fix: Too sharp

1. Relax
2. Open inside mouth (poo)
3. Take in less reed
4. Bring the oboe closer to the body
5. Sing the pitch

How to fix: Too flat

1. Blow with more energy
2. More firmness in lips
3. Aim high air
4. More reed in mouth, can be done by tilting the instrument away from the body

How to play loud

Set your embouchure up, then loosing a bit adding more abdominal support

Air Type

High Pressured air

How to fix: Low endurance

Check for 'biting' of the reed- this can also be caused by lazy air

How to fix: Dizzy oboist

Reduce the amount of stale air within the player, release old air, wait, then take in new air,

Articulation Syllables

Start with "tee:
Legato "loo" or "Do"
tongue by touching the tongue to the reed like interrupting a water stream with your finger

How to fix: Articulation problems

Avoid throat and embouchure movement
Make sure you're using high pressure air
Use just a bit of tongue to avoid thudding
More further back on the reed
Articulate using one wind (the same breath)

Throat/Singing Vibrato

Preferred
Singing a note and make it vibrate, this same principle applied to oboe. If you blow right it will appear.

Whistle Vibrato

Whistle without actually creating the pitches

Jaw Vibrato

Move the jaw open and closed to create vibrato

Tongue vibrato

yo, yo, yo" while playing

Cough Vibrato

A weak attempt at a cough while playing

Laugh vibrato

A laughing feeling where the chest meets the neck emulated when playing

English Horn Similarities and Differences

Similarities:
Appearance, Fingerings, manner of playing
Differences:
Size, Weight, Tone, Reed, Keyed in F

Care of the oboe

Swab after playing. Avoid sudden temperature changes, oil joints each season.

Parts of a double reed

True or False
Always buy store and machine made reeds, avoid independent reed makers.

False

Reed problems: Too closed/sharp

wet then gently pinch open. Clean with pipe cleaner.

Reed problems: Too Open

Wet then pinch closed

Reed problems: too vibrant/flat/easy

Clip about 1/4mm off the top

Reed problems: Not vibrant

Scrape the channels in the heart

Reed problems: Unfocused

Thin the sides
Separate the tip from the sides by scraping gently

How to fix: Jumping up 8va

Player is not covering all holes fully (half hole)- check to ensure holes are properly covered
Player is accidentally hitting an octave key - check hand position
Reed is too thin - move to a medium strength reed

Bb3

B3

C4

C#4

D4

D#4

E4

F4

F#4

G4

G#4

A4

Bb4

B4

C5

C#5

D5

D#5

E5

F5

F#5

G5

G#5

A5

A#5

B5

C6

Forked F

What is forked F and when to use it

The "forked" F tends toward a sound that might be described as "muted" or sometimes even "fuzzy," and should therefore generally be avoided where possible.
This F is necessary to smoothly move between F and any note that requires use of the ring finger of