Short Story Notes

Narrator

the person who tells the story

point of view

the perspective from which a story is told

first person point of view

the narrator is a character in the story

third person

the narrator is not a character in the story

third person limited

only knows and relates part of story to reader

third person omniscient

the narrator knows all of the thoughts and feelings of all of the characters

plot

the series of events in a story

Exposition

the beginning of a story where characters are introduced and background is explained

rising action

the central part of a story where problems often arise after conflicts are introduced

Climax

Most exciting moment of the story; turning point

falling action

actions following the highest point of the story that leads to the stories end

resolution

the point where the conflict is resolved

denouement

the events following the resolution

setting

when and where the story takes place

theme

main idea or underlying idea of a text

motif

recurring element that has symbolic significance in a story

symbol

A person, place, or thing that stands for something beyond itself

tone

the way the narrator speaks to the audience

mood

the feeling a reader gets from a story

imagery

words or phrases that appeals to the readers senses

flashback

interruption of the story to go back and talk about something that happened earlier

foreshadowing

when the author gives clues about events to come

style

the distinctive way the author uses language

situational irony

the opposite of what is expected to happen happens

dramatic irony

when the audience knows something the characters don't and it causes tension

Verbal irony

when a character says one thing but means another

protagonist

main character

antagonist

the character that opposes the protagonist

parable

a short story with a moral lesson at the end

simile

A comparison using "like" or "as

metaphor

A comparison without using like or as

personification

giving something not human human qualities

hyperbole

extreme exaggeration

direct characerization

tells the audience what the personality of the character is

indirect characterization

shows things that reveal the personality of a character

conflicts

man vs. man; man vs. self; man vs. nature; man vs. society; man vs. supernatural/ technology