Sociology- Race In America-Chapter 4


the decline of manufacturing jobs in the U.S during the 1980s

What was the difference in median household income between Hispanics and whites in 2016?

White households made $17,366 more than Hispanic households in 2016. Average white households made $65,041 while the average hispanic household made $47,675

How many Americans currently live in poverty?

More than 46 Million

1980 Refugee Act

Political asylum for refugees and asylees victimized on the basis of their race, religion, nationality, political affiliation, or group membership

Immigrant Chinese women sew what percentage of garments in New York City?

70 Percent

split labor market

A labor market in which there are at least two groups of workers whose price of labor differs for the same work or would differ if they did the same work.


government provisions intended to help disadvantaged people. These provisions include food stamps, medicaid and housing.

How many Americans have received some form of public assistance in their lifetime?

2/3. 63 percent are receiving Medicaid, 52 percent food stamps, and 13 percent cash assistance

Affirmative Action

A collection of policies and practices designed to address past wrongs, institutional racism, and sexism by offering people of color and women both employment and educational opportunities.

1862 Homestead Act

gave citizens or future citizens up to 160 acres of public land provided they live on it, improve it, and pay a small registration fee