Photojournalism glossary quiz


The craft of employing photographic storytelling to document life: it is universal and transcends cultural and language bonds

2 elements of photojournalism

1.) universal
2.) transcends cultural and language bonds


Digital Single Lens Reflex

DSLR camera

Digital camera that uses a mirror mechanism to either reflect light from a camera lens to an optical viewfinder or let light fully pass onto the image se sir by moving the mirror out of the way


The amount of light recorded on a film sensor

3 settings on the camera that control exposure

1.) ISO
2.) shutter speed
3.) aperture

Art behinf your photography

ISO, shutter speed and aperture combined

Overexposed (hot)

Too much light = loss of definition

Underexposed (dark)

To little light = loss of definition

Nikon on exposure

Shutter and aperture are controls for adjusting how much light comes into the camera. How much light is determined by the sensitivity (ISO) of the medium used. That was as true for glass plates as it if for film and now digital sensors

Shutter and aperture

Controls for adjusting how much light comes into the camera

Sensitivity (ISO) determines...

How much light is needed

Image sensor

The part of the camera's hardware that captures light and converts what you see through a viewfinder into an image.
Electronic equivalent to film.
Most delicate and most expensive part of camera


The act of using the built-in light meter in the viewfinder to adjust for exposure. Aim for the middle

Light meter

Decide in the camera that collects light that has passed through the cameras lens and measures its intensity


A curtain in front of the image sensor that stays closed until the camera fires. Also refers to the button on top of the body that when fully depressed fires the camera

Shutter speed

Length of time a camera shutter is open to expose light into the camera sensor. Controls motion and blur in photography

How shutter speeds are measured

Fractions of a second
Ex. 1/250


Light sensitivity of the image sensor.
Changing ___ on a digital camera means rendering it more or less sensitive to light

ISO stands for

International Organization for Standardization
(Main governing body that standardizes sensitivity rating for camera sensors

Lower ISO =

Better pictures


A.k.a. Grain
Loss of color quality and detail in both highlights and shadows due to the image sensor having less time to collect light to construe the image.
Looks like static or fuzz

LCD stands for

Liquid Crystal Display


The screen on the back of the camera that replays images captured


Opening of a lens's diaphragm through which light passes.
Calabrates f/stops
Determines depth if field in photography


Measurement determined by the focal length of the lens divided by the diameter of the sperature

F-stop example

A lens with a 100mm focal length set to an f-stop of f/10 has an aperture diameter of 10mm

Focal length

The width and height of the area that a particular lens can capture.
Often printed right on the camera lens in "mm


Moving of the lens in and out until the sharpest possible image of the subject is projected onto the image sensor.
Lens has to be a certain distance from the sensor to form a clear image depending on the distance of the subject from the camera


Allowing the camera to judge the distance and occurs when the shutter button is pushed halfway


"Tack" or "tack sharp" when an image is crisp


Almost in focus

Al servo

Continuous focus
Camera will continue to focus automatically as long as the shutter button is halfway pressed even if the subject moves

Makes or breaks a photo


Focal point

The point at which all elements or aspects converge; center of acrivity or attention
Either of two points on the axis of a mirror, lens or other optical system, one point being such that rays diverging from it are deviated parallel to the axis upo


The placement or arrangement of visual elements in a photograph


Refers to the natural light or existing light conditions under which an image is made

Depth of field

The apparent sharpness if a photo considering the distance between the nearest and farthest elements that appear to maintain acceptable sharpness and clarity


Using objects in the foreground or background of a photo to bring attention to the subject of a photo


Refers to motion in a picture


Area or scenery behind the main object of contemplation.
Constantly be aware of this to avoid juxtaposition

Photo illustration

Either a set-up photo that is illustrative in nature and is clearly out of the realm of reality.
Traditionally, an approach used for fashion, food and product photographs.
Must be clearly labeled

White Balance

Hue of light of your photo


Refers to leading lines, a technique of composition where the viewer's attention is drawn to lines that lead to the main subject of the image