Dna is the chemical that what is composed?
What are found in all living organisms?
What are the molecules which make up dna?
How many nitrogen bases are in DNA?
What are the 4 bases in DNA?
Name the two molecules which alternate to form the upright or side portion of a DNA molecule
Name the specific molecule in which each base is attached
Name the molecules or parts of the nucleotide that form the half rings of the ladder
Name the molecular combinations or pairs in dna
CG (cytosine and guanine)
AT (adenine and thymine)
An entire chromosome of DNA has how many rungs?
Do the two new molecules contain the same number of rungs?
Is the order from top to bottom of base pairs different or the same for each new DNA molecule?
Are the two DNA molecules exact copies of each other?
RNA form what?
What leaves the nucleus of the cell and carries to the ribosomes the DNA message of base sequences?
What is a codon?
A set of three bases
mRNA directs the building of what?
tRNA picks up what?
What is hemoglobin?
Protein in the red blood cells
What is the disease called that people have if the arrangement amino acids is incorrect?
Sickle cell anemia
Sickle cell anemia as result can't do what?
Transport oxygen efficiently
Nucleotides do what?
Carries the genetic information of an organism
What is replication?
Produces a new copy of an organisms genetic information to pass on to a new cell
How many amino acids are there?
How many nitrogen bases are there?
For any one codon there can only be one what?
The genetic code is said to be universal because why?
A codon represents the same amino acids in all organisms
What are stop codons?
ATT, ACT, ATC
How many strands of nucleotides are in DNA?
How many strands of nucleotides are in RNA?
What sugars are in DNA?
What sugars are in RNA?
What are nitrogen bases for RNA?
RNA is made in what part of the cell?
DNA is found where?
Transcription is what?
The process of making RNA from DNA
Transcription is similar to what process in DNA?
What are peptide bonds?
Permanently holds the amino acids in place
What is the ratio needed for proteins to be able to make more proteins?
What are the 2 types of enzymes?
Regulatory and structural
Leftover DNA is used to do what?