Macromolecules Part B

provides long-term energy storage for animals

saturated fat

instructions for building proteins

DNA

provides immediate energy

glucose

sex hormones

steroid

provides short-term energy storage for plants

sucrose / starch / carbohydrates

forms the cell membrane of all cells

phospholipids

speeds up chemical reactions by lowering activation energy

enzyme

one sugar

monosaccharide

cells convert this to ATP

glucose

monomer of proteins

amino acid

provides long-term energy storage for plants

starch

genetic material

DNA

steroid that makes up part of the cell membranes

cholesterol

3-carbon "backbone" of a fat

glycerol

provides short-term energy storage for animals

glycogen

many sugars

polysaccharide

monomer of nucleic acids

nucleotide

forms the cell wall of plant cells

cellulose