Observation, Inference or Prediction?

observation

The flower is pink.

inference

Someone took this picture on vacation in Hawaii.

prediction

The test will be easy.

observation

My shoes are tight.

inference

My shoes are tight so my feet must be growing.

prediction

The child will blow on the flower.

observation

The lights are on.

inference

The lights are off so nobody is home.

prediction

When they come home they will unlock the door.

observation

The backpack weighs 4 pounds.

inference

A little girl picked the flower for her teacher.

inference

The backpack is heavy so it much be full of textbooks.

observation

It is 22 degrees today.

prediction

I will get a lot of candy on Halloween.

inference

The bear is hungry.

inference

Animals are looking for food.

inference

The car was dirty from the mud puddles.

observation

The car is red and white.

prediction

The car will get a flat tire from the bumpy road.

observation

The baby has her fingers in her mouth.

Qualitative data

Information describing color, odor, shape, or some other physical characteristic

Quantitative data

numerical data/Numbers

the string is 16 feet long

quantitative example

when mixed the chemicals turned blue

qualitative example