French 10200 Chapter 5

un homme d'affaires

a businessman

le journal

the newspaper

le petit d�jeuner

breakfast

une femme d'affaires

a business woman

hier

yesterday

hier soir

last night, yesterday evening

samedi dernier

last Saturday

le week-end denier

last weekend

dernier/derni�re

last

�tranger/�trang�re

foreign

faire une promenade

to take a walk

ne...rien

nothing, not anything

prendre son petit d�jeuner

to have one's breakfast

r�viser

to review

travaillant

working

un an

a year

un camping

a campground

un h�tel

a hotel

le lendemain

the next day, the following day

des parents

relatives

la chance

luck

une heure

an hour

une minute

a minute

une nuit

a night

une seconde

a second

une voiture de location

a rental car

descendre (de, �, dans)

to descend, to come down, to get off/out (of) (a vehicle), to stay (at)

entrer

to enter

faire un voyage

to take a trip

mourir (mort�)

to die (dead)

na�tre (n�)

to be born (born)

partir en voyage

to take a trip

partir en week-end

to go away for the weekend

passer (chez/devant/par)

to pass (by [...'s house])

retourner

to return, go home

tomber

to fall

l'ann�e derni�re

last year

d�j�

already, ever

la derni�re fois

the last time

il y a combien de temps

How long ago?

Il y a quelques secondes

a few seconds ago

longtemps

a long time

le mois dernier

last month

ne...pas encore

not yet

pendant combien de temps

for how long?

r�cemment

recently

la semaine derni�re

last week

le week-end dernier

last weekend

le week-end pass�

the last weekend

quelle chance!

What luck!

Quelques

some, a few

l'automne/en automne

autumn (in autumn)

l'�t�/ en �t�

summer/in the summer

l'hiver/en hiver

winter/ in the winter

un jardin

a garden

le printemps

the spring

le temps

the weather, time

des distractions

entertainment

la neige

snow

la pluie

rain (f)

une saison

a season

adorer

to love/adore

aller � la montagne

to go to the mountains

d�pendre de

to depend on

faire de l'exercice

to exercise

faire des courses

to run errands

faire du bateau

to go boating

faire du camping

to go camping

faire du jardinage

to garden

faire du jogging

to go jogging

faire du ski (natique)

to (water) ski

faire du sport

to play sports

faire du v�lo

to go biking

faire du VTT

to go all-terrain biking

faire la cuisine

to cook

faire la lessive

to do the laundry/washing

faire la vaisselle

to do the dishes

faire le m�nage

to do the housework

faire les courses

to go grocery shopping

faire une randonn�e (faire des randonn�es)

to take a hike, to hike (to go hiking, to hike)

neiger

to snow

pleuvoir (il a plu)

to rain (it rained)

ne...rien (de sp�cial)

nothing, not anything (special)

pendant

during, for

quel temps fait-il?

What's the weather like?

Il fait beau/chaud/frais/froid/mauvais/(du) soleil/du vent.

it is beautiful, hot, cool, cold, bad, sunny, windy

il y a du vent

It's windy

il pleut

it's raining, it rains

Quel temps va-t-il faire?

What's the weather going to be like?

il va faire

it's going to be

un anorak

ski jacket

un bikini

bikini

un chemisier

blouse

un costume

man's suit

un imperm�able

raincoat

un jean

jeans

un maillot de bain

bathing suit

un manteau

coat, overcoat

un pantalon

pants

un parapluie

umbrella

un polo

polo shirt

un portefeuille

wallet

un pull

pullover sweater

un sac

purse

un short

shorts

un surv�tement

jogging suit

un tee-shirt

t-shirt

un vendeur

salesclerk (male)

des baskets

tennis shoes, sneakers

des bottes

boots

une cabine d'essayage

dressing room

des chaussures

shoes

une cravate

tie

une jupe

skirt

des lunettes (de soleil)

(sun)glasses

une montre

watch

une robe

dress

des sandales

sandals

des tongs

flip-flops

une vendeuse

saleswoman

co�ter

to cost

emporter

to take (along), to carry (away)

il/elle me plait

I like it

essayer

to try, to try on

mettre

to wear, to put on

porter

to wear, to carry

bien s�r

of course

ce(cet/cette/ces)...-ci/-l�

this/that/these/those...over here over there

en solde

on sale (reduced prices)

le (l') la (l')

him, it/her, it

les

them

parfois

sometimes

par ici

this way

quelle tailles faites vous

What size do you wear?

je fais du

I wear size...

Qu'en pensez-vous?

What do you think about it?

voyons

let's see

avoir conjugations

j'ai
tu as
il/elle/on a
nous avons
vous avez
ils/elles ont

�tre conjugation

je suis
tu es
il/elle est
nous sommes
vous etes
ils/elles sont

le passe compose format

auxiliary verb of avoir or �tre and past participles

irregular past participles

avoir-eu
il y a-eu
boire-bu
lire-lu
voir-vu
etre-ete
prendre-pris
apprendre-apris
comprendre-compris
pleuvoir-plu
neiger-neige (accent egu)

where to add adverbs in pass compose

between two parts of verb

pass compose in negative

put ne and pas around auxilory verb

y

for "went there". place right before auxilory verb in PC

To say in a month what do you use?

en

Descendre vs rester

descendre or rester used for to stay at a hotel but rester chez is for stay with a more common, rester is how long stayed.

When on means we

can leave in masculine singular form or make it agree

passer and auxilory verbs

takes ere when means to pass by and avoid when it means to spend time

rentrer vs retourner

rentrer for to return/go back home or where staying, returner for other cases

partir vs quitter

both mean leave, partir uses ere, quitter uses avoid and needs a direct object

talking about the past expressions placement

most go at beginning but deja goes between two parts of auxilory verb in pC. With ne...pas encore, put ne right after subject and pas encore between two parts of verb

an vs ann�e numbers

use an

Il y a des nuages

It's cloudy

Il y a du brouillard

It's foggy

il y a verglas

it's icy

il gr�le (gr�ler)

It's hailing

il y a un orgeux

it's stormy

le ciel est couvert

the sky is overcast

si clause

when have is clause in present tense second verb should be in present, immediate future, or imperative

faire conjugation

to do/make
fais
fais
fait
faisons
faites
font

different forms of "ne...rien

rien ne=nothing (is happening)
ne...rien= (I'm doing) nothing
When negative, both negative parts before second part of verb

un, une, des, du, and de l' with faire become...

de (d') when verb is negated

direct pronoun placement in pc

right before auxilory

agreements and direct pronouns

even if takes avoir, in PC need to agree direct obj to past participle

Ce, cette, ces

Use for this/that/these/those
ce or cet for starting with vowel=masc singular
cette=feminine singular
ces=masc or fem plural

Quel vs quelle

Used for which/what
quel=masc sing
quels=mas plural
quelle=fem sing
quelles=fem plural