religion midterm


the Church's official, public, communal prayer


the Church's living teaching office, which consists of all the bishops, in communion with the Pope


latin "to hand on"
refers to the process of passing on the Gospel message


latin "threefold"
refers to the central mystery of the christian faith that God exists as a communion of three distinct and interrelated divine person

who makes up the trinity

father, son, holy spirit

liturgical year

the annual cycle of religious feasts and seasons that forms the context for the Church's worship


beginning of the liturgical year
begins on fourth sunday before christmas
color is purple to represent waiting
time of hope, waiting, and preparing
lasts 4 weeks


begins on december 25 and lasts until the third sunday after christmas day
color is white or gold to represent joy
time the Church reflects on the wonder and meaning of the incarnation

ordinary time

reflects on the life of Jesus Christ
color is green representing hope
first between christmas and lent
second between pentecost and advent


time where we recall Christ's passion
begins on Ash Wednesday
color is purple representing penance

easter triduum

holy week beings on palm sunday and this is the last three days of the week
begins thursday evening and ends sunday evening

holy thursday

celebrate the mass of the lord's supper
foot washing ceremony takes place at mass

good friday

we remember Jesus' Passion and death
we receive communion but there is no mass

holy saturday

we prepare for the easter vigil
celebrate with fire, candles, water, the signing of the Exsultet, readings, and welcoming if the elect


celebrate Christ's resurrection
begins on easter sunday
ends on pentecost
color is white or gold

eastern catholic churches

the twenty-one churches of the east, with their own theological, liturgical, and administrative traditions, in union with the universal Catholic Church and her head, the Bishop of Rome


an object or action that points us to another reality, it leads us to look beyond our sense to consider a deeper mystery


the established form of the words and actions for a ceremony that is repeated often, the actions often have symbolic meaning

paschal mystery

the work of salvation accomplished by Jesus Christ mainly through his life, Passion, death, Resurrection, and Ascension


an efficacious and visible sign of God's grace, instituted by Christ and entrusted to the Church, by which divine life is dispensed to us

sacramental economy

communication or dispensation of the fruits of Christ's Paschal Mystery in the celebration of the Church's sacramental liturgy

sanctifying grace

the grace that heals our human nature wounded by sin and restores us to friendship with God by giving us a share in the divine life of the Trinity

actual graces

God's interventions and support for us in the everyday moments of our lives


latin "redemptio"-"a buying back"; referring, in the old testament, to Yahweh's deliverance of Israel and, in the New Testament, to Christ's deliverance of all Christians from the forces of sin

liturgy of the hours

divine office
the official, public, daily prayer of the Catholic Church
provides standard prayers. Scripture readings, and reflections at regular hours throughout the day


lifting up of one's mind and heart to God or the requesting of good things from him

five basic forms of prayer

blessing, praise, petition, thanksgiving, and intercession

what do we do in prayer

we communicate with God in a relationship of love


religious painting traditional among Eastern Christians, that expresses in images what Scripture expresses in words
comes from the greek word for "image


celebrates the Revelation of the Savior to the Gentiles and is a day for parties and gift-giving


the night the Lord passed over the houses of the Israelites marked by the blood of the lamb, and spread the firstborn sons from death it's also the death that celebrates the deliverance of the Chosen People from bondage in Egypt and the Exodus from Egypt


the fiftieth day after Easter, which remembers the descent of the Holy Spirit upon the apostles and disciples

world youth day

celebrated on a diocesan level every year, usually on passion sunday
the Pope welcomes youth to Rome in a special way, on the first the Pope gave the youth large cross


the greek word for "sign" the word "sacrament" comes from


religious reverence or devotion

blessing prayers

we bless and praise God for his greatness, power, and holiness

petition prayers

we pray for our needs, especially our need for forgiveness

thanksgiving prayers

we acknowledge God as the creator and thank him for his goodness

praise prayers

express our love for God, and recognizing above all he is God

how is the liturgy trinitarian

all three parts of the trinity are present through the liturgy
God present as the source of all good
Jesus Christ is present ad Christ's gift of himself for the sake of our salvation
Holy Spirit is present because it prepares us to encounter christ

scripture and tradition

essential elements of the liturgy
both transmit the Word of God and form a single sacred Deposit of Faith


sacraments are efficacious meaning they are effective and work because Christ is at work in them

link between paschal mystery and the sacraments

the core of every sacrament is the paschal mystery of christ
it is most evident in the eucharist when we receive the bread and wine

sacraments vs sacramentals

sacraments are instituted by Christ and entrusted by the Church
sacramentals are instituted by the Church and include stuff like blessings

sacrament of baptism

the first of the seven sacraments
one of the sacraments of initiation by which one becomes a member of the church and a new creature in christ


an unbaptized person who is preparing for full initiation into the Catholic Church by engaging in formal study, reflection, and prayer

sacraments of christian initiation

3 sacraments (baptism, confirmation, eucharist) through which we enter into full membership in the church


the process by which christians of all ages are taught the essentials of christian doctrine and are formed as disciples of christ


ministers of catechesis

rite of christian initiation of adults (RCIA)

the process by which an unbaptized person, called a "catechumen", and those who were baptized in another Christian denomination, called "candidates for full communion" are prepared to become full members of the Church


the proclamation of the Good News of Jesus Christ through word and witness

rite of election

the rite, which takes place on the first Sunday of Lent, by which the Church elects or accepts the catechumens for the Sacraments of Christian initiation at the easter vigil
begins a person of purification and enlightenment


rites within the RCIA that support and strengthen the elect through prayers of intercession and exercise

paschal candle

easter candle
large, tall candle lit at the Easter Vigil by a flame from the new fire the symbol of the risen Christ
lit in the sanctuary for masses during Easter season and during they year is kept near baptismal font
it is lit at Baptisms and funeral se


a period of catechesis following the reception of the Sacraments of Christian Initiation that aims to more fully initiate people into the mystery of Christ

original sin

from the latin origins, meaning "beginning" or "birth"
first meaning-the sin of the first human beings, who disobeyed God's command by choosing to follow their own will and thus lost their original holiness and came subject to death
second meaning-the fal

sacred chrism

Perfumed olive oil consecrated by the bishop that is used for anointing in the Sacraments of Baptism, Confirmation, and Holy Orders.

common priesthood of the faithful

the name of the priesthood shared by all who are baptized
baptized share in one priesthood of Jesus Christ by participating in his mission as priest, prophet, and king


celebrated when someone 7 or older is baptized
those celebrating RCIA are fully initiated during the sane liturgy of their Baptism
in adults, this process starts a period of inquiry, then continues to Rite of Acceptance into the Order of Catechumens, Peri

effects of baptism

we die and rise of Christ
we are freed from Original Sin and all personal sins
we become adopted children of God
we becomes members of the Church and sharpers in the priesthood of Christ
we receive a permanent or indelible sacramental character; therefore

baptism frees us from _____

original sin
the church baptizes people who haven't even committed personal sin, since all original sin is passed down to everyone

sacrament of confirmation

with Baptism and Eucharist one of the three Sacraments of Christian initiation
through an outpouring of the special gift of the holy spirit, this sacrament completes the game of baptism by confirming or "sealing" the baptized person's union with Christ an

apostolic succession

the uninterrupted passing on of apostolic preaching and authority from the Apostles directly to all bishops
it is accomplished through the laying on of hands when a bishop is ordained in the Sacrament of Holy Ordered as instituted by Christ
the office of

purpose of preparing for confirmation and the preparation required of the candidate

preparation for confirmation aims at leading the Christian to a deeper relationship with Christ and a "lively familiarity" with the Holy Spirit. A candidate should know the Holy Spirit, recognize him at work in his actions and gifts, and be willing to fol

essential words for confirmaton

holy spirit

essential symboled for confirmation

anointing with chrism
laying on of hands


represents the engird and vigor of the Holy Spirit


points to the peace of soul imparted by the Holy Spirit

anointing with charism

indicates that the confirmand has been strengthened and consecrated, or set apart, to live a mature, faithful life and to witness to Christ

laying on of hands

symbolizes the Holy Spirit overshadowing the candidate with power and grace

confirmation in western rite

confirmation is delayed until the bishop can be present
Sacraments of Initiation are all done separately

confirmation in eastern rite

confirmation immediately follows baptism
administered by a priest

introductory rites

mass begins with the gathering of assembly

liturgy of the word

explains and emphasizes the word of god since learning the will of God and being in the presence of the Holy Spirit strengthens one to carry it out

presentation of the candidates

candidates are introduced by calling names, usually with their sponsors

homily or instructions

bishop gives a brief homily

renewal o baptismal promises

candidates renounce satan and sin and profess their faith in God
this renewal helps to express the close relationship between confirmation and baptism

laying on of hands during mass

the bishop extends his hands over the candidate as an expression of the Church's prayer and to communicate the grave of the pentecost

anointing with sacred chrism

candidate stands before the bishop and the sponsor puts their hand on their shoulder, and the bishop dips his right thumb in the charism and makes the sign of the cross on their far-head

prayer of the faithful

everyone prays for the newly confirmed

liturgy of the eucharist

creed is omitted an the newly confirmed is asked to bring the gifts, at the end a special blessing is prayed over the people

scriptural background

to learn and pray the sacred scriptures is one of the best ways to grow the knowledge of the word of god
the more one knows Scripture the more confident they can be in following the way of Christ

holy spirit

is with us as baptized and confirmed Christians
confirmation strengthens and confirms the graces an gifts of the holy spirit received in baptism, it gives the holy spirit in order to root us more deeply in the divine filiation, also increases the gifts of


greek word meaning "word"
title of Jesus Christ found in the gospel of John that illuminates the relationship between the Three Person's of the Holy Trinity


Also called the Mass or Lord's Supper, and based on a word for "thanksgiving," it is the central Christian liturgical celebration, established by Jesus at the Last Supper. In the Eucharist the sacrificial death and Resurrection of Jesus are both remembere


The Greek word for memory. In the Eucharist, this refers to the making present of the Paschal Mystery, Christ's work of salvation. The anamnesis refers also to a particular section of the Eucharistic Prayer after the words of institution in which the Chur


1st meaning-entire people of God throughout the world
2nd meaning-the diocese, which is also known as the local church
3rd meaning-the assembly of believers gathered for the celebration of the liturgy, especially the eucharist
in the Nicene Creed the Chur


also known as congregation , a community of believers gathered for worship as the Body of Christ


in the sacrament of the Eucharist this is the name given to the action of changing the bread and wine into the body and blood of Jesus Christ


the sufferings of Jesus during his final days in this life: his agony in the garden at Gethsemane, his trial, and his Crucifixion

what is the eucharist

the sacrament that makes present in the mac the death and resurrection of christ

who is the eucharist

the bread and wine, which are really the Body an Blood of Christ

where is the eucharist

represents the time of the Passover, and given at mass

when is the eucharist

instituted at the Last Supper

why the Eucharist

we use it because Jesus asked as to when he said "do this in memory of me" When we use it we share and proclaim the Paschal Mystery, give praise and thanksgiving to God, and receive his graces













prefix eu



good word

prefix syn



an assembly





different names for the Eucharist

Last Supper
breaking of Bread
holy and Divine Liturgy
eucharistic assembly
holy sacrifice of the mass
most blessed sacrament
holy communion
holy mass

passover and old covenant

during passover Jesus first showed us his love was sacrificial
passover of Jesus fulfilled the hopes of the passover of the old covenant
eucharist is new passover

gathering of the assembly

gathering of the baptized

introductory rites in normal mass

song, sign of the cross, priest greetings, penitential act, gloria (on sundays) "let us pray

principal effect of eucharist

strengthening of our personal and intimate union with Jesus Christ

history of penance and reconciliation

in his earthly ministry, Jesus, the son of God, continually urged conversion (turning toward God) and through his power to forgive sins, and taught about God's loving mercy toward sinners. Jesus also gave power to forgive sins to Peter

history of anointing of the sick

church started as just anointing those suffering from illness, but the second Vatican council restored the original purpose to be strengthening and healing grace for those ill or in the fragility of old age

effects of penance and reconciliation

through asking for the forgiveness of our sins from God we bridge the gap sin cause in our relationship and become closer to God

effects of anointing of the sick

it gives people the strength they need to fight whatever they need help with and the peace they need to del with their hardships
since Christ suffered death by the cross it bring them closer to him


one who has received the fullness of the Sacrament of holy orders and is a successor to the apostles
have the responsibility of caring for the entire church under the authority of the Pope, the bishop of Rome an the successor to Saint Peter


one who is ordained for service and ministry, but not for ministerial priesthood, through the sacrament of Holy Orders
deacons are ordained to assist priests and bishops in a variety of liturgical and charitable ministries
ordained for service in the Chur


one who has received the ministerial priesthood through the sacrament go holy orders the priest served the community of faith by representing and assisting the bishop in teaching, governing, and presiding over the community's worship
"co-worker" to the Bi

sacrament of holy orders

the sacrament by which baptized men are ordained for permanent ministry in the Church as bishops, priests, and deacons

sacrament of matrimony

a lifelong covenant, modeled on that between
Christ and the Church in which a baptized man and a baptized woman make an exclusive and permanent commitment to faithfully love each other and to cooperate in the procreation and education of children


the declaration by the church that a marriage is null and void, that is it never existed as a sacramental union
catholics who must divorce must have the marriage annulled by the Church to be free to marry once again in the Church


the action of an instance of legally dissolving a marriage


incapable of being undone or broken, the marriage bond is commitment to lifelong fidelity and can never be dissolved


the begetting, or boring forth of offspring
the procreation and education of offspring is one of the ends (or purposes) of marriage


the state of being made one
marriage unites the husband and wife in an unbreakable and exclusive union and is one of the ends (or purposes) of marriage
thus adultery and polygamy are sins against the unity of marriage

transitional deacon

intend to be ordained deacons in the future

permanent deacon

intend to remain lifelong deacons

requirements for ordination

Church only ordains baptized men who have been recognized as suitable for the ministry; must have a commitment to celibacy, adequate education, and formation, good mental health, a lifelong commitment to personal prayers and devotion and willingness to be

what is the sacrament of matrimony

it's one of the sacraments at the service of communion when a marriage takes place between 2 baptized persons who enter into a covenant modeled on that between christ and the Church

marriage, remarriage, and divorce

Jesus prohibited divorce and remarriage
he taught that marriage is truly a covenantal relationship, like the covenantal relationship between God and his people and as such cannot be dissolved
God's plan for human relationship for the majority of people in

free consent and marriage

free cornet is the will of a man and woman to give themselves to each other in order to live a lifelong convent of faithful love, and to be open to sharing that love with children
it cannot have any constraint from the persons or the church it is expresse

requirements for marriage

indissolubility, unity, openness to children, free consent, free to marry, good standing with the Church