Anatomy

skeletal system

bones

integumentary system

skin

mucular system

Muscle

nervous system

nerves, brain, spinal cord

Lymphatic System/Immunity

red bone marrow, thymus, lymphatic vessels, thoracic duct, spleen, and lymph nodes

endocrine system

hormones

respiratory system

the lungs, air passages, and breathing muscles; supplies oxygen to the body and removes carbon dioxide

cardiovascular system

heart and blood vessels

renal system

urinary system

digestive system

stomach and intestines

reproductive system

uterus

Superior

above

Inferior

below

Anterior

front

Posterior

back

Medial

middle

Lateral

away from the midline

intermediate

between two structures

Proximal

Closer to the point of attachment

Distal

away from the point of attachment

superficial

near the surface

deep

away from the surface of the body

frontal plane

Divides the body into front and back portions.

sagittal plane

divides body into left and right

transverse plane

horizontal division of the body into upper and lower portions

oblique plane

passes through the body at an angle

Abdominal

abdomen

Axillary

armpit

Brachial

upper arm

Cervical

neck

Cranial

skull

Dorsal

back

Facial

face

Frontal

forehead

Gluteal

butt

Lumbar

lower back

Nasal

nose

Occupital

back of head

oral

mouth

Orbital

eye

Pelvic

pelvis

Popliteal

back of knee

Sternal

sternum

temporal

temple

Thoracic

chest

Vertebral

spine

Flexion

bending a joint

extension

Straightening of a joint

Abduction

movement away from the middle

Adduction

movement toward the midline

medial rotation

Rotation toward the midline

lateral rotation

rotation away from the midline

Inversion

turning inward

Eversion

turning outward

Circumduction

moving the arm in a circle around the shoulder

Pronation

palm down

Supnation

Palm up

Elevation

raising a body part

Depression

lowering a body part

opposition

Movement of the thumb to touch the fingertips

plantar flexion

pointing toes

Dorsiflexion

bending of the foot or the toes upward