Japan test 1

1. How did the Chinese Communist Party's truce with the GMD help cause the Sino-Japanese War in 1937? [2]

Due to the Chinese calling truce they angered japan and made a call to eliminate the gmd

2. Explain why Japan never officially declared war on China. [2]

they never officially called war on china because they were afraid of causing conflict with gobal powers and still wanted to trade with the U.S

3. Explain why it is likely that Emperor Hirohito was aware of all the abuses the Japanese Army carried out on China and its civilians. [2]

It was likely that Hirohito knew about attacks because he established an imperial headquarters where they held conferences about the war and was involved with decisions so it most likely he thought it was ok to go through with the abuse of the Chinese peo

4. In the fall of 1937, Japanese planes destroyed the U.S.S. Panay. Why did the U.S. not retaliate? [2]

The U.S did not retaliate because they were still isolated and had a not interface pact and wasn't able to do anything regarding this attack

5. Explain the significance of Japan using chemical weapons against China. [4]

1. Hirohito saw the Chinese people as lesser beings
2. Hirohito only allowed it at suitable times
3. Had to be authorized by him which he did authorize a-lot in fact 305 times due to the fact it was illegal and to avoid invention from foreign control

6. In November of 1937, the Nine-Power Treaty Conference was held in Brussels, Belgium. What impact did this conference have on the Sino-Japanese War and why? [2]

The meeting unsuccessful on trying to end the feud with china and japan and the gmd leader couldn't get support that japan was the agressor. Germany tried to make peace between the 2 but Japan didn't want to so made unreasonable commands to acknowledge ma

7. In 1939, Britain took the action of backing China's currency. How did Japan respond? [2]

Due to GB supporting china currency and japan responded with more agression and treated the chinese civilians with harsher treatment.

8. How did the U.S. then respond on July 26, 1939 to Japan's action? [2]

The U.S also backed up China economy and did not renew trade pact with japan

9. On November 3, 1938, Japanese PM Kanoe issued the New Order in East Asia. How was this plan supposed to defeat Chiang Kai-shek? [2]

They planed to make a deal with Wan and make him a pupet leader to force chiang to attack chongqing

10. Why did Japan struggle to defeat China? [3]

Japan struggles due tot he size of china, they were fighting a two front war and the more land they gained the harder it was to defend oneself from gorilla warfare

11. Due to this struggle, what did Imperial Headquarters Army Order Number 575 officially approve? [2]

Japan officially announced war on china and constrict chineses people to work in trenches til death

12. Explain the impact Prince Konoe had on Japan's government and policies when he returned to be Prime Minister July 17, 1940. [3]

Prince Konoe change the goverment by reforming the cabinet, Putting Matsuok as fm and putting Hideki tojo as leader of fascist army

13. What was the primary reason Japan signed the Tripartite Pact on September 27, 1940? [2]

The primary reason japan sighned the pact was to get aid from gemany if attacked by a power not in the war such as a safty measure for fighting U.s

14. How did the U.S. and Britain respond to Japan's invasion of Indochina in September of 1940? [2]

due to this GB reopens the Burma road a supply route to be able to get supplies through faster to help defeat japan

15. What were the two key reasons for the non-aggression pact between Japan and the Soviet Union in April of 1941? [2]

A 5 year + option that was to agree on a 2 front war and to scare the U.S to not fight and it specified the border of Manchuria ( Although Russia still planned to attack )

16. On July 28, 1941, Japan successfully gained control of southern Indochina from Vichy France. How did the U.S. respond? [3]

The U.S reacted by putting more sactions on Japan and freezing U.S assets and ending oil export and convinces the Netherlands to stop trading with Japan too

17. According to the Japanese leaders, why did they oppose the U.S. in 1941 and plan the Pearl Harbor attack? [2]

They didn't want to stop trade however since they stop they need more oil and saw peal harbor as a good opportunity to finish conquring asia

18. Explain why PM Tojo became the face of Japan to the U.S., rather than Hirohito. [2]

Tojo became the war face because he was more uglier and more mincing looking and he verbally expressed his hatread and put hirohito in the background.

19. Explain what the Hull Note of November 26, 1941 was and its significance to the Pearl Harbor attack. [3]

The hull note was given to give japan one more chance to withdrawal from china and indo china except manchuria and didn't give them a time frame, However Japan saw this as a ultimatum and went through with the pearl harbor attack

20. On April of 1942, the U.S. bombed Tokyo and four other cities, known as the Doolittle Raid. How did Japan respond to the bombing and its significance? [3]

Japan responded by capturing American soldiers whom airplane crashed. the increased taxes on the Chinese people and execute 3 of the hostages and sent 5 to camps.

21. How did the Wartime Administration Law, passed in the spring of 1943, help PM Tojo? [2]

The wartime administration law gave Tojo more power-and many position, such as war minister, education, chief imperial Japanese admiral

22. How did the Wartime Administration Law lead to increased disapproval of PM Tojo by the summer of 1943? [3]

It lead to increase of disapproval because he was lying to the people and working time, which lead to rumor assaination.

23. For Japan, what was its key concern about surrendering conditionally or unconditionally? [2]

The key concern of surrounding unconditional was that they didn't want Hirohito to be face with any war crimes and trial

24. Explain how Hirohito used his "Rescript to Soldiers and Sailors" for the reason for Japan's surrender. [2]

He told them they both were doing great and that the would win but to ensure his safety they had to surrender

25. Why did U.S. General MacArthur distance Emperor Hirohito from any responsibility towards the war and the mistreatments of POWs? [2]

MacArthur thought it would be easier to use emperor to transition Japan to modern culture with out resistant from the Japanese people

26. In what ways was the Japanese government able to reestablish strong controls over the people following World War II? [2]

The Japanese gov was able take over the the people because the economy boost and they liked the idea of being able to see Hirohito as a regular man and was able to smoothly change.