Phonics Test SPED 416

Phonological Awareness

The manipulating of units of oral language, parts such as words syllables, onsets and rimes.

Phonemic Awareness

Being able to manipulate phonemes, the smallest unit of sound


Method of teaching people to read by correlating sounds with letters

Example of Phonemic Awareness


Example of Phonemic Awareness Skills


Word that contains a short vowel


Word that contains a blend


Word that contains a diagraph


Word that contains a r-control vowel


What is the difference between temporary sight word and permanent sight word

Temporary Sight Words are words that students need to memorize now but will soon learn the rule. Permanent Sight Words are words that break the rules that the students must memorize.

What are the 6 syllable types

closed syllables, open syllables, CVCE, vowel team syllables, r- controlled vowels, consonant-le

Multi-sensory Teaching

This is a way of teaching that involves more then one sense at a time. By doing this they are creating a multi sensory connection to the material being learned

Word Coding

Macron - is a long vowel
Breve u is a short vowel
Schwa (e) upside down used in unstressed syllables
ex: of a in alone and sofa, e in system, i in easily, o in gallop, u in circus

6 words dividing syllables (2 rotten letters R's and L's)

1. Divide between two middle consonants.
hap/pen, bas/ket, let/ter
2. Usually divide before a single middle consonant.
"o/pen", "i/tem", "e/vil", and "re/port"
3. Divide before the consonant before an "-le" syllable.
"a/ble", "fum/ble", "rub/ble" "mum/ble

When do you use dge, tch?

When they touch a short vowel to stop from making a long vowel sound

What does "y" say?

Y steals the sound of I and E.
In a one syllable word he says I
In a two syllable word he says E

e drop y change

if y sees a consonant he changes to an I : Happiness
If y sees a vowel he stays the same: Delayed
E stays if he sees a consonant suffix: Excitement
If e sees a vowel he goes away:Likable

Doubling rule in multi-syllable words

2 + 1 + 1 Rule - When suffixes are added to a base or root word, most often they are simply added to the word. However, there are other rules that govern spelling that affect the addition of suffixes. In the 2 + 1 + 1 rule the following questions are aske

Phonological awareness umbrella