A.P. Gov. Supreme Court Cases

Barron vs. Baltimore (1833)

Summary: [] was the co-owner of a wharf in {}. As the city developed and expanded, large amounts of sand accumulated in the harbor, depriving []of the deep waters which had been the key to his successful business. He sued the city of {}to recover a portio

Brown v. Board of Education (1954)

Based off of the 14th amendment, this case was about the segregation of schools, and []believed that there was no way they could be 'separate but equal'. He wanted the previous decision reversed, and schools to become integrated.
[]won by a landslide, in

Buckley v. Valeo (1976)

In this case, Congress tried to stop corruption in political campaigns by restricting financial contributions to candidates.
Congress decided to set limits on the amount of money an individual could contribute to a single campaign. So, people were allowed

Citizens United v Federal Elections Commission

The FEC used the BCRA to try to prevent companies and corporations from funding communication through means such as Hillary: The Movie, through their general treasuries. It also required the disclosure of donors. The [] argued that this was an infringemen

Dred Scott v Sandford (1857)

Summary: [], a former slave from Missouri, lived in the free state of Illinois for 10 years. [] tried to sue in the federal courts, but his master said that no pure-blooded negro could be a citizen in the sense of Article III of the constitution.

Employment Division v. Smith a.k.a. Oregon v. Smith (1988)

Two [] religious counselors injected peyote, a hallucinogenic, into themselves for a religious ceremonial purpose. They were both fired from their positions and took it to state court. {}law says that drugs may not be used in religious sacraments. The Ore

Everson v. Board of Education (1947)

Dealt with amendments 1 and 9, [] complained that reimbursement given to children that went to religious schools violated the constitutional principle against the government not establishing or supporting any religion. The taking of taxpayers' money to do

District of Columbia v. Heller (2008)

Background: In 2007, {} passed legislation with strict regulation of pistols and handguns. A group of private gun owners sued saying this was a violation of their second amendment rights.
Holding: 5-4. This violates 2nd amendment.
Statement: This decision

Furman v. Georgia (1972)

[], a black man, was robbing a home, but one of the people living in the house found him. He tried to escape,but while doing so he tripped and fell which caused his gun to fire and kill a person living in the house. [] was convicted of murder and given th

Gideon v. Wainwright (1963)

[] was charged with a felony in the {} State Courts; he asked the court to appoint him an attorney, but because { }state laws the courts did not need to appoint him one. He was found guilty, sentenced to 5 years of prison, and then he tried to file habeas

Gitlow v. New York - (1925)

was a case about [] an American socialist who published the document "Left Wing Manifesto" in the newspaper called The Revolutionary Age, which he had a job managing at the time. He was charged with criminal anarchy by the state of {} under their Criminal

Griswold v. Connecticut - (1965)

[] was the Executive Director of the Planned Parenthood League of Connecticut; she and the Medical Director for the League gave information, instruction, and medical advice to married couples concerning birth control and contraceptives . []and her colleag

Gregg v. Georgia (1976)

A {} jury found [] guilty of armed robbery and murder, and they sentenced him to the death penalty. The {} Supreme Court upheld the murder sentence but dropped the robbery sentence, still upholding the death penalty as []'s punishment. [] refuted, saying

Kelo v. City of New London (2005)

Background: {} used "eminent domain" authority to seize private property and sell to private developers.[] and other people whose land was seized, sued.
Holding: 5 to 4, because of the takings clause in the 5th amendment, {} is allowed to seize this prope

Korematsu V. United States (1944)

During WWII an Executive order was given saying that all Japanese Americans were to be sent to camps and [] continued to live in his home in California.
The Supreme court sided with the President. They said that the chance of having treason committed agai

Lawrence and Garner v. Texas (2002)

Two men, [] and [], were engaging in a private, consensual act in the apartment of [].
They were arrested and convicted for violating a Texas statute that forbade two people of the same sex to engage in sexual conduct.
6 votes for [] and [], 3 votes again

Lemon v. Kurtzman (1971)

{} provided a salary supplement to nonpublic school teachers, and {} also provided financial support for textbooks and materials to nonpublic schools. []argued that {} and {} violated the first amendment of the Constitution.
The decision was 8-0 in favor

Mapp v. Ohio (1961)

[] was convicted of possessing obscene material when the police illegally searched her home for a fugitive.
[] appealed on the basis of freedom of expression
Court voted on [] side because, by the fourth amendment, "all evidence obtained by searches and s

McDonald vs. City of Chicago (2010)

Summary: [] wanted to own a handgun to use a self-defense. {} had placed a ban on handguns. Therefore, [] was unable to legally own a handgun. He sued the {} in 2010 with 3 other residents
Decision: Supreme Court declared that the second amendment gives c

Miranda v. Arizona (1965)

[] brought the case to court claiming he was not read his rights before he was investigated. He believed it was an infringement on his 5th amendment right.
The court voted in favor of []. They upheld that police cannot use statements if the the persons ri

Near vs Minnesota (1931)

[] published a scandal sheet in {}, in which he attacked local officials, charging that they were implicated with gangsters. {} officials announced an injunction to prevent [] from publishing his newspaper under state law.
The Supreme Court held that the

New Jersey v. T.L.O. (1985)

[] had her purse searched by school officials who suspected she had cigarettes, and found them, but also found marijuana
She was charged, but she moved to suppress the evidence because the school officials did not have a warrant
Court decided that the Fou

Planned Parenthood v. Casey (1992)

A Pennsylvania law required a woman to be aware of the father of her baby and have a 24 hour waiting period before she got an abortion.
Agencies claimed that the law was invalid because it went against the 14 amendment by because it caused a burden on a w

Reynolds v. United States (1878)

The Supreme Court convicted the head of the Mormon church for allowing polygamy or having more than one wife. The Mormons claimed that this freedom was protected by their first amendment right to have freedom of religion.
The Supreme Court overturned this

Roe v. Wade (1973)

[], a Texas citizen, wished to terminate her pregnancy via abortion. {} prohibits abortion except in cases where the mother's life is endangered. During the first oral arguments, both parties made mistakes, so a second round of oral arguments was allowed.

Stenberg v. Carhart (1999)

A {} law prohibited anyone from partially giving birth to an unborn child, performing a procedure, knowing it will kill the child.
[], an abortionist/physician, created a suit saying that the law violates the Constitution by means of being too vague.
5 vo

Tinker v. Des Moines (1969)

Students wore black armband to school to silently protest Vietnam war.
The principal threatened to suspend the students if they didn't remove the armbands, but their parents argued that it was the children's free speech.
When it went to the US district co

U. C. Regents v. Bakke

[] applied twice to the University of California Medical School and was rejected both times. The school reserves spots for minorities in their affirmative action program, and the students allowed into the school from this program had lower GPA and test sc

U.S. v. O'Brien (1968)

Background: [] burned his draft card in a symbolic protest and was arrested because of a law prohibiting the defamation of draft cards. He said his First Amendment right of symbolic speech protected him from being arrested.
Holding: 7-1 against []

U.S. v Virgina (1996)

The [] brought suit against {}alleging that the schools male only admission policy was unconstitutional and it violated the 14th amendment. {} in response proposed to create {} as a parallel program for women. The []. Appealed to the Supreme Court.
The co

Van Orden v. Perry (2005)

[] sued {} for displaying the the Ten Commandments on a state capital building. He claimed that it violated the 1st amendment because it was an establishment of religion.
the court decided that it was a tradition for {} to recognize the the history of the

Weeks v United States (1914)

Summary: Police entered the home of [] and seized papers which were used to convict him of transporting lottery tickets through the mail. This was done without a search warrant so [] took action against the police and petitioned for the return of his priv

Wisconsin v. Yoder (1972)

People from the [] religions took their kids out of school after the 8th grade because of religious reasons. They were told this was breaking {}'s compulsory education law, so the two religious groups took the issue to court. The two religions argued that

Wesberry v. Sanders (1963)

[] filed a suit against the Governor of Georgia, {}, protesting the state's apportionments. The Fifth Congressional District, that [] was a member of , had a population two to three times larger than the other districts in the state. [] claimed that he wa