Government/Civics terms

Unitary

a form of government in which power is held by one central authority; central government holds nearly all the power

Confederation

Voluntary association of independent states that often only delegates a few powers to the central authority

Federal

a form of government in which power is divided between one central and several regional authorities; power is shared among different levels of government

Autocratic

a type of government in which one person possesses unlimited power and the citizen has little if any role in the government

Oligarchic

a government by the few; a small group (a political party) exercises control especially for selfish purposes

Democratic

a type of government in which people have a voice in government actions and can participate freely and equally in the decision making process (the U.S. has a democratic government)

Republic

a form of government in which people rule through elected representatives

Parliamentary

a system of government in which the real powere is placed in a legislature; people vote for parliament who then makes and carries out the laws

Presidential (representative democaracy)

a system of government in which the citizens elect the members of the legislature and the chief executive known as the president

Monarchy

government led by a king or queen

Constitutional Monarchy

government in ehich king or queen is limited by a constitution

Dictatorship

government led by a single leader in control

Theocracy

government ruled by a religious leader

Government

people within society that have the power to make laws

Judicial

the branch of government with courts and judge who interpret the laws (like Judy Judy, Judge Mathis)

Executive

branch of government assigned with execution (carrying out) laws (like President Obama)

Legisative

lawmaking branch of government (like Congress)

Socialism

economic system in which businesses are owned together or by the government

Communism

economic system in which property is own collectively and work is organized in a way that benefits all people

Nationalism

devoted and loyal to one's own country

Personal Freedoms

individual rights such as freedom of speech and religion

Bureaucracy

the administration of government through departments called bureaus

Anarchy

no governenment or law

Mandate

an international ruling placing a country under the control of another power