U.S. History, Chap6.1, The New Republic, Government and Party Politics

U.S. History Chap 6.1, The New Republic, Government and Party Politics

John Joseph Karsk, October 29,2013

administration

in politics, the officials in the Executive Branch

precedent

acts or statements that become traditions to be followed

Cabinet

In the Executive Branch, the group of federal leaders who head up the major Departments in the Federal Government---initially Departments of State, Treasury, War and Attorney General

tariff

a tax on an imported good---paid as the item arrives in the US

loose construction

meaning, broad interpretation of the Constitution---not literal interpretation.

Strict construction

meaning a narrow or strict interpretation of the Constitution---limiting federal government to powers explicitly (specifically) named in the Constitution

Whiskey Rebellion

In Western Pennsylvania, farmers used their grain to distill whiskey---and whiskey had a federal tax on it-----farmers felt the tax was unfair and resisted paying it---intimidating the tax collectors. President Washington sent the US military there to enf

political party

a group of people who seek to win "office" in order to shape government policy

Democratic Republican

A political party which favored an anti-Federalist approach to the federal government----a "less powerful" central federal government.

Why was setting up the Cabinet an important precedent?

Because the Cabinet members have provided strong leadership for the various departments of the federal government---and have become important advisors to the President.

Why did Hamilton want to add to the national debt.

He wanted to borrow money to pay off both the federal and states war debt---issue bonds on which the federal government would pay interest to the bond holder----providing the new nation with a stronger financial reputation ---better credibility---a countr

Why did some people oppose Hamilton's plans?

People who opposed Hamilton's plans felt that he was interpreting the Constitution too loosely and relying on "implied powers". In particular they were opposed to the federal government assuming the war debts of various states (mostly Northern states).

How did Hamilton's federal debt, National Bank and new excise taxes pass

Hamilton's proposals passed Congress by a narrow margin---to encourage "Southern" states to vote for the bill, Hamilton promised them that the nations capital would, within 10 years, move southward to the banks of the Potomac river----between Virginia and

Who were the leaders of the Federalist Party

Alexander Hamilton and John Adams

Who were the leaders of the new Democratic Republican party?

Thomas Jefferson and James Madison

What did the Federalist believe in/support?

Federalists----Strong central government, industry and trade economy, loose construction of the Constitution

What did the Democratic Republicans believe in/support?

Democratic Republicans----Strong State governments, weaker Federal, base economy on farming-not industry, supported a strict construction of the Constitution

Was George Washington a Federalist or a Democratic Republican?

He stayed neutral and did not commit to either party, but he generally supported most Federalist, strong federal government beliefs.