Presidency Test

Pocket Veto

If congress adjourns during the 10 days the president has to consider a bill passed by both houses of Congress, without the president's signature, the bill is vetoed.

Presidential Honeymoon

When president's are first elected and reelected, their approval ratings are the highest. They tend to try to get the most done that they can at this time, since it is more possible. (Congressional relations are likely to be productive )

Office of Management and budget

Division of the executive office of the president. Helps determine annual budget, set fiscal policy, and supervise the administration of federal budget.

Executive office of the president

The cluster of presidential staff agencies that help the president carry out his responsibilities. Currently the office includes the Office of Management and Budget, the Council of Economic Advisers, and several other units.

Chief of staff

the person who oversees the operations of all White House staff and controls access to the president. (advise the president)

Rally point

A rising public approval of the president that follows a crisis as Americans "rally 'round the flag" and the chief executive.


A president's claim of broad public support. Perception that voters strongly support the president's character and policies.
A command, indicated by an electorate's votes, for the elected officials to carry out their platforms.


The power delegated to the House in the constitution to charge the president, vice president, or other "civil officers," including federal judges, with "treason, briber, or other High Crimes and Misdemeanors." This is the first step in the constitutional

State of the Union address

An annual message to Congress in which the president proposes a legislative program. the message is addressed not only to Congress but also to the American people and to the world.

Executive privilege

An implied presidential power that allows the president to refuse to disclose information regarding confidential conversations or national security to Congress or the judiciary

Executive agreement

Formal government agreement entered into by the president that does not require the advice and consent of the U.S Senate

What was the intent of the framers when constructing the presidency?

To have a strong central leader that had enough power but not too much power to make them a dictator. (Debate among the house members is good for legislation but not good for leadership)

Describe the executive office of the president and its organization

The EOP was created to give the president more help running the federal departments and agencies consisting of the Office of Management and Budget, Council of Economic Advisers, and other units, including white house staff. Nobody is sure how many people

What are the functions of the white house staff?

he functions of the White House Staff are to help the president carry out the role of Chief Executive Officer. The staff includes the president's most trusted aides, the counselor to the president, a number of senior advisers, and top officials who work w

Does the White House Staff get either elected by the people or confirmed by congress?

President appoints them and they are confirmed by congress

Does the White House staff have too much power?

Yes. There are certain things that the president should have to do on his own so we are truly getting to know the president. Such as writing his own speeches. In other ways I think the White House Staff has enough power but should not be given anymore.

What is the maximum number of terms a president can serve?


List the first 5 in the presidential line of succession

VP (Joe Biden)
Speaker of the House (John Boehner)
President pro tempore (Patrick Leahy)
Secretary of State (John Kerry)
Secretary of Treasury (Jacob Lew)

Explain which of the many jobs of the president is the most important

Chief Executive- carrying out the laws passed by congress. In charge of 15 cabinet departments.
Other jobs:
Chief Diplomat
Commander in Chief
Legislative Leader
Head of State
Economic Leader
Party Leader

Define the role of the vice president and what the constitution says about them

Joe Biden- job is to be ready to take oath of office in case the president cannot discharge his duties and the Constitution says that the VP presides over the Senate and to help decide the question of presidential disability.

Define the role of the first lady and what the constitution says about them

The Constitution doesn't mention the First Lady. The role of the First Lady is to always be by the presidents side. Other than that the First Lady usually chooses a topic, and goes after that achievement during her time in office.

Define the role of the cabinet and what the constitution says about them

The role of the cabinet is to put in input on key issues. The different leaders of the departments are often strongly tied to their departments, making them big advocates for their issues in the departments.
-Hilary Clinton, other important leaders
-The C

Describe the role of the Executive Office of the President and what the constitution says about them

Most of these agencies and departments are attempting to improve the planning, management and statistical work of the agencies. They also make sure that each department is conforming to the presidents current policies and plans.
-Senior Advisor, Chief of

Describe the role of the Office of Management and Budget and what the constitution says about them

OMB is the central presidential staff agency, that advises the president in detail about hundreds of government agencies. The main job is to help the president prepare the budget.
-Directors over the agency
-Not mentioned in the Constitution.
-Largest off

Describe the role of the White house staff and what the constitution says about them

The functions of the White House Staff are to help the president carry out the role of Chief Executive Officer.
-Chief of Staff: Jack Lew
-Not mentioned in the Constitution.

Must the president have a cabinet?

No, it is not required for the President to have a Cabinet. Yet, since the days of Washington, there has been a Cabinet. This shows that it is merely tradition, as it is not listed anywhere in the Constitution.

List the five most important posts in the cabinet and the people who currently serve there

Secretary of State (John Kerry)
Secretary of the Treasury (Jack Lew)
Secretary of Defense (Ash Carter)
Attorney General (Loretta Lynch)
Secretary of the Interior (Sally Jewell

Secretary of State

John Kerry

Secretary of the Treasury

Jack Lew

Secretary of Defense

Ash Carter

Attorney General

Loretta Lynch

Secretary of the interior

Sally Jewell

us v nixon

The Supreme Court does have the final voice in determining the constitutional questions; no person, not even the President of the United States, is completely above the law; and the president cannot use executive privilege as an excuse to without evidence

22nd amendment

amendment that created a 2 term limit on presidents

presidential succession act, 1947

the order in which officials fill the office of president in case of a vacancy

25th amendment

establishes presidential succession in case the president can no longer serve


advisory council for the president consisting of the heads of the executive departments, the vice president, and a few other officials selected by the president


When the President gets a bill right onto the floor, either bypassing the committee or getting a quick approval without a hearing. He is hoping to avoid getting amendments tacked on to the bill and is moving for a quick passage

line-item veto

An executive's ability to block a particular provision in a bill passed by the legislature.

veto override

Each chamber of congress cotes on a bill vetoed by the president with 2/3 vote in each chamber.

war powers act

resolution of congress that stated the president can only send troops into action abroad by authorization of Congress or if America is already under attack or serious threat.

national security council

An office created in 1947 to coordinate the president's foreign and military policy advisers. Its formal members are the president, vice president, secretary of state, and secretary of defense, and it is managed by the president's national security assist


Granting favors or giving contracts or making appointments to office in return for political support


A large, complex organization composed of appointed officials

spoils system

System of public employment based on rewarding party loyalists and friends

pendleton act

law that created a civil service commission and stated that federal employees could not be required to contribute to campaign funds nor be fired for political reasons (negate spoils system)

independent regulatory commission

a government agency responsible for some sector of the economy, making and enforcing rules to protect the public interest. It also judges disputes over these rules.

hatch act

Prohibits government employees from engaging in political activities while on duty or running for office or seeking political finding while off duty

merit system

A system of public employment in which selection and promotion depend on demonstrated performance rather than political patronage.

clientele agencies

specific social or economic groups. Their interests are often the reasons for the creation of departments with vested national interests to promote the same functions

government corporations

agency that operates like a business corporation- POST OFFICE

independent executive agencies

The government not accounted for by cabinet departments, independent regulatory agencies, and government corporations. Its administrators are typically appointed by the president and serve at the president's pleasure. NASA is example


the process of putting a law into practice through bureaucratic rules or spending

administrative adjudication

a quasi-judicial process in which a bureaucratic agency settles disputes between two parties in a manner similar to the way courts resolve disputes.

government accountability office

an independent nonpartisan federal agency that acts as the investigative arm of Congress making the executive branch accountable to Congress and the government accountable to citizens of the United States

Congressional Budget Office

This assesses the economic implications and likely costs of proposed federal programs, such as the Bush administrations rescue packages for the failing financial system in 2008 and Barack Obama's stimulus package in 2009.