obesity and metabolic syndrome nursing care

primary obesity

related to excessive caloric intake

secondary obesity

related to congenital abnormalities/hormonal imbalances

lifestyle modifications

nutritional therapy
behavior modifications
drugs or surgical interventions
support groups

appetite suppressing drugs


metabolic syndrome

group of metabolic risk factors that increase a persons chance of developing CVD stroke and diabetes
-main underlying risk factor is insulin resistance (related to increased visceral fat)

waist circumference

men: >40
women: >35


>150 or drug treatment


<40 men and <50 women drug treatment


>130 or >85 or drug treatment

fasting blood glucose

>110 or drug treatment