sadlier level g units 1-3

accost

(v) to approach and speak to first; to confront in a challenging or aggressive way
syn: buttonhole, approach, confront
ant: evade, avoid, shun

accreditation

(n) official authorization or approval (often used in regard to academic affairs)

acquisitive

(adj) able to get and retain ideas or information; concerned with acquiring wealth or proper
syn: greedy, grasping avaricious, retentive
ant: altruistic, retentive

animadversions

(n) a comment indicating strong criticism or disapproval
syn: rebuke, reproof
ant: praise, compliment

arrogate

(v) to claim or take without right
syn: usurp, expropriate, commandeer
ant: renounce, relinquish, abdicate, abandon

avid

(adj) desirous of something to the point of greed; intensely eager
syn: keen, enthusiastic, eager, fervent, ravenous
ant: reluctant, apathetic, indifferent, cold

banal

(adj) hackneyed, trite
syn: stale, insipid
ant: fresh, novel, original, new, inspired

belabor

(v) to work on excessively; to thrash soundly
syn: harp on, overwork

brackish

(adj) having a salty taste and unpleasant to drink
syn: briny, saline
ant: fresh, clear, sweet

carping

*(adj) tending to find fault, especially in a petty, nasty, or hairsplitting way
*(n) petty, nagging criticism
syn:nit-picking, caviling
ant; approving, uncritical

cavort

(v) to romp or prance about exuberantly; to make merry
syn: gambol

celerity

(n) swiftness, rapidity of motion or action
syn: promptness, alacrity, speed
ant: slowness, sluggish, dilatory

coherent

(adj) holding or sticking together; making a logical whole; comprehensible, meaningful
syn: connected, unified, consistent, cohesive
ant: muddled, chaotic, disjointed

congeal

(v.) to change from liquid to solid, thicken; to make inflexible or rigid
syn: harden, jell, coagulate, solidify
ant: melt, liquefy

credence

(n) belief, mental acceptance
syn: credit, trust, confidence
ant: disbelief, skepticism, incredulity

credentials

(n) references, testimonials, or other (usually written) evidence of identity or status ("that which provides a basis for belief")

credibility

(n) worthiness of belief

creditable

(adj) bringing or deserving credit or honor

creditor

(n) a person or an organization to which money is owed

credo

(n) a statement or summary of faith or fundamental belief; an authoritative statement of religious belief ("I believe")

credulity

(n) an undue readiness to believe; a lack of critical judgment

credulous

(adj) inclined to believe very readily; gullible

decry

(v) to condemn, express strong disapproval; to officially depreciate
syn: denounce, censure, devalue
ant: tout, commend, extol, laud, praise

devious

(adj) straying or wandering from a straight or direct course; done or acting in a shifty or underhanded way
syn: roundabout, indirect, tricky, sly, artful
ant: direct, straightforward, aboveboard, open

dissemble

(v) disguise or conceal, deliberately give a false impression
syn: dissimulate, mask, feign, affect, shroud, conceal
ant: divulge, reveal, open, admit

distraught

(adj) very much agitated or upset as a result of emotion or metal conflict
syn: frantic, distracted
ant: calm, composed, collected

emulate

(v) to imitate with the intent of equaling or surpassing the model
syn: copy, mimic, rival, match, measure up to

encomium

(n) a formal expression of praise, a lavish tribute
syn: panegyric, eulogy, commendation
ant: condemnation, castigation, criticism

eschew

(v) to avoid, shun, keep away from
syn: abstain from, steer clear of, forgo
ant: embrace, adopt

eulogy

(n) a formal statement of commendation; high praise (almost always associated with funeral rites)
syn: panegyric, encomium, tribute, testimonial
ant: philippic, diatribe, invective

evince

(v) to display clearly, to make evident, to provoke
syn: exhibit, manifest, occasion

exhume

(v) to remove from a grave; to bring to light
syn: disinter, unearth, uncover
ant: competent, capable, effective

feckless

(adj) lacking in spirit and strength; ineffective, weak; irresponsible, unreliable
syn: feeble, helpless, incompetent, ineffectual
ant: competent, capable, effective

gambit

(n) in chess, an opening move that involves risk or sacrifice of a minor piece in order to gain a later advantage ; any oping move of this type
syn: ploy, stratagem, maneuver, ruse

germane

(adj) relevant, appropriate, apropos, fitting
syn: pertinent
ant; irrelevant, extraneous, inappropriate

halcyon

*(n) a legendary bird identified with the kingfisher
*(adj) of or relating to the halcyon; calm, peaceful, happy, golden; prosperous, affluent
syn: tranquil, serene, placid, palmy
ant: turbulent, chaotic, tumultuous

histrionic

(adj) pertaining to actors and their techniques; theatrical, artificial; melodramatic
syn: affected, stagy
ant: low-keyed, muted, nontheatrical, subdued

incendiary

*(adj) deliberately setting or causing fires; designed to start fires; tending to start fires; tending to stir up strife or rebellion
*(n) one who deliberately sets fires, arsonist: one who causes strife
syn: inflammatory, provocative, firebrand
ant: soot

insatiable

(adj) so great or demanding as not to be satisfied
syn: unquenchable, ravenous, voracious

intransigent

(adj) refusing to compromise; irreconcilable
syn: uncompromising, unyielding, obdurate
ant: lukewarm, halfhearted, yielding

invidious

(adj) offensive, hateful; tending to cause bitterness and resentment
syn: malicious, spiteful, prejudicial, pejorative
ant: complimentary, flattering, ameliorative, magnanimous

largesse

(n) generosity in giving; lavish or bountiful contributions
syn: liberty, munificence, bounty
ant: stinginess, miserliness

maelstrom

(n) a whirlpool of great size and violence; a situation resembling a whirlpool in violence and destruction
syn: vortex, chaos, turbulence, tumult

murky

(adj) dark and gloomy, obscure; lacking in clarity and precision
syn; dim, cloudy, unclear
ant: clear, transparent, lucid, limpid

myopic

(adj) nearsighted; lacking a broad, realistic view of a situation; lacking foresight or discernment
syn: shortsighted
ant: farsighted

nefarious

(adj) wicked, depraved, devoid of moral standards
syn: iniquitous, reprehensible
ant: virtuous, honorable, praiseworthy, meritorious

overt

(adj) open, not hidden, expressed or revealed in a way that is easily recognized
syn: clear, obvious, manifest, patent
ant: secret, clandestine, covert, concealed

pejorative

(adj) tending to make worse; expressing disapproval or disparagement
syn: derogatory, deprecatory, belittling
ant: complimentary, ameliorate

piquant

(adj) stimulating the taste or mind; spicy, pungent, appealingly provocative
syn: tangy, zestful
ant: bland, insipid, tasteless, mild

primordial

(adj) developed or created at the very beginning; going back to the most ancient times or earliest stage: fundamental, basic
syn; original, primeval, primal

propinquity

(n) nearness in place or time; kinship
syn: proximity, similarity
ant: unseemliness, inappropriateness

propriety

(n) the state of being proper, appropriateness, (pl) standards of what is proper or socially acceptable
syn: fitness, correctness, decorum
ant: unseemliness, inappropriateness

reconnaissance

(n) a survey made for military purposes; any kind of preliminary inspection or examination
syn: scouting expedition

sacrilege

(n) improper or disrespectful treatment of sortieing held sacred
syn: desecration, profanity, defilement, blasphemy
ant: kindness, obedience, piety, reverence

substantiate

(v) to establish by evidence, prove; to give concrete or or substantial form to
syn: verify, confirm, validate, authenticate
ant: refute, disprove, invalidate

substantive

(adj) real, having a solid basis; considerable in number or amount; meaningful and on topic

summarily

(adv) without delay or formality; briefly, concisely
syn: promptly, peremptorily, abruptly

suppliant

*(adj) asking humbly and earnestly
*(n) one who makes a request humbly and earnestly, a petitioner, a suitor

taciturn

(adj) habitually silent or quiet, inclined to talk very little
syn: tight-lipped, uncommunicative, laconic
ant: garrulous, loquacious, prolix, verbose

talisman

(n) an object that serves as a charm or is believed to confer magical powers
syn: amulet, fetish

temporize

(v) to stall or act evasively in order to gain time, avoid a confrontation, or postpone a decision; to compromise
syn: hedge, delay, procrastinate

tenable

(adj) capable of being held or defended
syn: defensible, justifiable, maintainable
ant: indefensible, unjustifiable

undulate

(v) to move in waves or with a wavelike motion; to have a wavelike appearance or form
syn: ripple fluctuate, rise and fall

unwonted

(adj) not usual or expected; not in character
syn: unusual, uncommon, unexpected, atypical
ant: usual, customary, typical

utopian

(adj) founded upon or involving a visionary view of an ideal world; impractical
syn: idealistic
ant: realistic, pragmatic

verbiage

(n) language that is too wordy or inflated in proportion to the sense or content, wordiness; a manner of expression
syn: verbosity, prolixity, diction, jargon
ant: conciseness, brevity

verdant

(adj) green in tint or color; immature in experience or judgment
syn: artless, naive
ant: scorched, sere, barren, arid

viscous

(adj) having a gelatinous or gluey quality, lacking in easy movement or fluidity
syn: gummy, sticky, thick
ant: runny, watery, aqueous