UHS English 9 Semester 2 Vocab

Tempest

(N) A violent windy storm

Herald

(N) An official messenger bringing news

Recompense

(V) Make amends to (someone) for loss or harm suffered; compensate.

Laurel

(N) Any of a number of shrubs and other plants with dark green glossy leaves

Lamented

(V) A passionate expression of grief or sorrow

Libation

(N) A drink poured out as an offering to a deity

Asunder

(ADV) Apart; divided

Rash

(ADJ) Acting or done without careful consideration of the possible consequences; impetuous

Portal

(N) A doorway, gate, or other entrance, especially a large and imposing one

Portent

(N) A sign or warning that a momentous or calamitous even is likely to happen

Machinations

(N) A plot or scheme

Preeminent

(ADJ) Surpassing all others; very distinguished in some way

Tribulation

(N) A cause of great trouble or suffering

Prudent

(ADJ) Acting with or showing care and thought for the future

Vociferous

(ADJ) (especially of a person or speech) Vehement or clamorous

Portico

(N) A structure consisting of a roof supported by columns at regular intervals, typically attached as a porch to a building

Muse

(N) (in Greek and Roman mythology) Each of nine goddesses, the daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne, who presided over the arts and sciences

Abate

(V) (of something perceived as hostile, threatening, or negative) Become less intense or widespread

Hecatomb

(N) (in ancient Greece or Rome) A great public sacrifice, originally of a hundred oxen

Retribution

(N) Punishment inflicted on someone as vengeance for a wrong or criminal act

Suppliant

(ADJ) Making or expressing a plea, especially to someone in power or authority

Cuckold

(N) The husband of an adulteress, often regarded as an object of derision

Affliction

(N) A cause of pain or harm

Gaffer

(N) A person in charge of others; a boss

Conspicuous

(ADJ) Clearly visible, attracting notice or attention

Eloquence

(N) Fluent or persuasive speaking or writing

Contemptuous

(ADJ) Showing contempt; scornful

Requite

(V) Make appropriate return for (a favor, service, or wrongdoing)

Abominable

(ADJ) Causing moral revulsion

Illustrious

(ADJ) Well known, respected, and admired for past achievements

Precipitous

(ADJ) Dangerously high or steep

Injunction

(N) An authoritative warning or order

Minx

(N) (humorous or derogatory) An impudent, cunning, or boldly flirtatious girl or young woman

Ambrosia

(N) The food of the gods

Nymph

(N) A mythological spirit of nature imagined as a beautiful maiden inhabiting rivers, woods, or other locations

Cudgel

(N) A short, thick stick used as a weapon

Ponderous

(ADJ) Slow and clumsy because of great weight

Malignant

(ADJ) Evil in nature or effect ; malevolent

Hallowed

(ADJ) Made holy; consecrated

Interminable

(ADJ) Endless or apparently endless (often used hyperbolically)

Vexation

(N) The state of being annoyed, frustrated or worried

Negligence

(N) Failure to take proper care over something

Bedabbled

(ADJ) Stained or splashed with dirty liquid or blood

Feigning

(V/ADJ) Pretending to be affected by (a feeling, state, or injury)

Perforce

(ADV) Used to express necessity or inevitability

Consecrated

(ADJ) Made or declared (typically a church) sacred; dedicated formally to religious or divine purpose

Beguile

(V) Charm or enchant (someone), sometimes in a deceptive way

Chide

(V) Scold or rebuke

Adamant

(ADJ) Refusing to be persuaded or to change one's mind

Austerity

(N) Sternness or severity of manner or attitude

Recreant

(ADJ) Cowardly

Knavery

(N) Dishonest or unprincipled dealing; trickery

Bequeath

(V) Leave (property) to a person or other beneficiary by a will

Cloister

(N) A convent or monastery

Perjured

(ADJ/V) Involving willfully told untruths

Wanton

(ADJ) (of a cruel or violent action) Deliberate and unprovoked / Sexually immodest or promiscuous

Expound

(V) Present and explain (a theory or idea) in detail

Abjure

(V) Solemnly renounce (a belief, cause, or claim)

Disdainful

(ADJ) Showing contempt or lack of respect

Sovereign

(N) A supreme ruler, especially a monarch

Promontory

(N) A point of high land that juts out into the sea or a large lake; a headland

Render

(V) Provide or give (a service, help, etc.)

Languish

(V) (of a person or other living thing) Lose or lack vitality; grow weak or feeble

Dissemble

(V) Conceal one's true motives, feelings, or beliefs

Heresy

(N) Belief or opinion contrary to orthodox religious (especially Christian) doctrine

Surfeit

(N) An excessive amount of something

Misprision

(N) The deliberate concealment of one's knowledge of a treasonable act or a felony

Enamored

(ADJ) Be filled with a feeling of love for

Sojourned

(ADJ/V) Stayed somewhere temporarily

Bower

(N) A pleasant shady place under trees or a climbing plants in a garden or wood

Bemused

(ADJ) Puzzle, confuse, or bewilder

Derogatory

(ADJ) Showing a critical or disrespectful attitude

Pugnacious

(ADJ) Eager or quick to argue, quarrel, or fight

Recumbent

(ADJ) (especially of a person or human figure) Lying down

Mollify

(V) Appease the anger or anxiety of (someone)

Pantomime

(N) An absurdly exaggerated piece of behavior

Derision

(N) Contemptuous ridicule or mockery

Subdue

(V) Overcome, quieten, or bring under control (a feeling or person)

Precede

(V) Come before (something) in time

Brusque

(ADJ) Abrupt or offhand in speech in manner

Bridled

(ADJ) controlled

Complacently

(ADV) While showing smug or uncritical satisfaction with oneself or one's achievements

Ominous

(ADJ) Giving the impression that something bad or unpleasant is going to happen

Belligerent

(ADJ) Hostile and aggressive

Console

(V) Comfort (someone) at a time of grief or disappointment

Imperiously

(ADV) In a powerful and authoritative way without justification; arrogantly and domineeringly

Plaintively

(ADV) In a sad and mournful way

Profound

(ADJ) (of a state, quality, or emotion) Very great or intense

Writhed

(V) Made continual twisting, squirming movements or contortions of the body

Reverence

(N) Deep respect for someone or something

Personification

Attribute a personal nature or human characteristics to

Onomatopoeia

The formation of a word from a sound associated with what is named

Diction

The choice and use of words in speech or writing

Allusion

An expression designed to call something to mind without mentioning it explicitly; an indirect or passing reference

Alliteration

The occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words

Connotation

An idea or feeling that a word invokes in addition to its literal or primary meaning

Imagery

Visually descriptive or figurative language, especially in a literary work

Oxymoron

A figure of speech in which apparently contradictory terms appear in conjunction

Rhyme

Correspondence of sound between words or the endings of words, especially when these are used at the ends of lines of poetry

Assonance

In poetry, the repetition of the sound of a vowel or diphthong in non rhyming stressed syllables near enough to each other for the echo to be discernible