Anatomy and Physiology Associated with the Integumentary System

adipose

fatty tissue
fat

anagen

the growth phase of hair cells
up, back produced

apocrine

relating to sweat glands, the cells separate and become part of the secretion
separate, secrete

arrector pili

muscles that cause the hair to raise when stimulated
to raise up, hair

circumscribed

having a boundary, confined
surrounding, write

collagen

a major protein within the body
glue, producing

confluent

merging together
with, flowing

cutaneous

relating to the skin
skin

cuticle

the outer layer of skin that covers the root of the nail
skin

depilatory

an agent that removes hair
away, hair

dermatology

the study of skin and its appendages
pertaining to the study of skin

dermis

the skin
pertaining to the skin

eccrine

denoting the flow of sweat
out of, away from, secrete

ephelis
ephelides (pl)

freckle, small, flat area of brown melanin-producing cells
freckle

epidermis

the uppermost layer of skin
upon, pertaining to skin

follicle

a spherical portion of cells that for a cavity
a small sac

integrity

soundness or firmness of a structure, as in skin integrity
wholeness, entirety

integument

body's covering, which includes the skin, hair and nails
covering

keratin

the protein present in hair and nails
horny

lunula

the crescent-shaped white area at the proximal end of the nail
pertaining to the moon

melanin

the pigment within the skin
black, dark hue

nevus
nevi (pl)

a circumscribed, hyper-pigmented area of the skin caused by a local
overgrowth of melanin-forming cells
mole, birthmark

papilla

a small, nipple-like projection
nipple

root

the area where new cells are produced

sebaceous gland

gland that produces oily secretion
sebum

sebum

the secretion of the sebaceous glands
sebum

shaft (hair)

the portion of hair that protrudes above the skin

stratum corneum

the outermost layer of skin
layer, horny

stratum germinativum

the layer of skin that produces new cells
layer, bud

subcutaneous

beneath the skin
under, beneath skin

sudoriferous

gland that produces sweat
meaning sweat

telogen

the resting phase of hair growth
distance, end