Human Anatomy & Physiology: A&P Chapter 4 Tissue: The Living Fabric Flashcards

The wall of the alveolus (air sac) in the lung is composed of which
type of epithelium?

simple squamous epithelium

The proximal tubule of the nephron (kidney tubule) in the kidney is
composed of which type of epithelium?

simple cuboidal epithelium

The epithelium of the esophagus is composed of which type of
epithelial tissue?

stratified squamous epithelium

Which part of the neuron (a specialized nerve cell) receives signals
from other cells and is also the main metabolic region of the neuron?

soma

Which of the three muscle cell types has multiple nuclei?

skeletal

Which muscle cell type has visible striations but is not under
voluntary control?

cardiac

Drag the appropriate labels to their respective targets.

What do the glands shown in A and B both have in common?

Both are exocrine glands.

What process is depicted in the basal layer of the glandular
epithelium shown in B?

cell division

Which of the following epithelial tissue locations is NOT correctly
matched to its function?


skin: absorption

Which of the numbered cell types is primarily responsible for
producing protein fibers found in connective tissue proper?

2

Which numbered cell type initiates inflammatory responses to
infection or tissue damage?

5

Cells 3 and 6 are both classified as ______.

white blood cells

Which of the following statements is NOT characteristic
of the areolar connective tissue pictured in the figure?


Areolar connective
tissue is avascular.

Which of the following substances would NOT be found in
significant amounts in the extracellular matrix of the illustrated
areolar connective tissue?


keratin

Which of the following increases the surface area of certain
epithelial tissues?

microvilli

Which of the following statements is INCORRECT?


Simple cuboidal
epithelia are found in areas that stretch.

Where is transitional epithelium found?

in areas subjected to stretching

________ is a water-soluble, complex glycoprotein that is secreted by
goblet cells.

Mucin

Which type of epithelium lines the interior of the urinary bladder?

transitional epithelium

Which of the following is a single-celled layer of epithelium that
forms the lining of serous membranes?

simple squamous

Which tissue type arises from all three embryonic germ layers?

epithelial tissue

________ epithelium appears to have two or three layers of cells, but
all the cells are in contact with the basement membrane.

Pseudostratified columnar

Goblet cells are found within pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium.

TRUE


Merocrine glands
produce their secretions by accumulating their secretions internally
until the cell ruptures.


False

What tissue has lacunae, calcium salts, and blood vessels

osseous tissue

Which of the following cellular processes is portrayed in A?

exocytosis

Connective tissue matrix is composed of ________.

fibers and ground substance

All connective tissues arise from an embryonic tissue called mesenchyme.

TRUE

The shape of the external ear is maintained by ________.

elastic cartilage


Endocrine glands are
often called ducted glands.


False

What are the three main components of connective tissue?

ground substance, fibers, and cells

Which of the following describes a holocrine gland?

Holocrine glands secrete their products by rupturing.

Which of the following is not a step in
tissue repair?


Formation of new
stem cells

Select the correct statement regarding epithelia.

Stratified squamous epithelia are present where protection from
abrasion is important.

Which of the following increases the surface area of certain
epithelial tissues?

microvilli

Mesenchymal cells are most commonly found in ________ connective tissue.

embryonic

________ is the tissue that regulates and controls body functions.

Nervous tissue

Chondroblasts ________.

within the cartilage divide and secrete new matrix

Simple cuboidal epithelia are usually found in areas where secretion
and absorption occur.

TRUE


Intercalated discs
and striations are found in skeletal muscle.


False


Nervous
tissue consists mainly of neurons and collagen fibers.


False

Which tissues have little to no functional regenerative capacity?

cardiac muscle and nervous tissue in the brain and spinal cord

Select the correct statement regarding adipose tissue.

Its primary function is nutrient storage.

The simple columnar epithelium that form absorptive cells of the
digestive tract have which characteristic?

dense microvilli

Exocrine glands ________.

secrete substances onto body surfaces

Which is true concerning muscle tissue?

highly cellular and well vascularized


Cartilage has good
regenerative capacity, while most epithelial tissues do not.


False


Tendons and
ligaments are composed mainly of dense irregular connective tissue.


False

Which type of membrane is a dry membrane exposed to the air?

cutaneous membrane

Which of the following statements is true of connective tissue?

Collagen fibers provides high tensile strength.

Which tissue repair process results in the formation of scar tissue?

fibrosis

Which tissue type is responsible for regulating and controlling body functions?

nervous tissue

Which of the following is NOT a role of
connective tissue?


absorption


A major
characteristic of fibrocartilage is its unique amount of flexibility
and elasticity.


False

Which of the following statements is INCORRECT?


The cutaneous
membrane is made of a simple columnar epithelium

Which of the following increases the surface area of certain
epithelial tissues?

microvilli

Epithelial tissues always exhibit apica-basal polarity; meaning that
cell regions near the apical surface differ from those near the basal surface.

TRUE

Connective tissues ________.

primarily consist of extracellular matrix

Which of the following is not a step in
tissue repair?


Formation of new
stem cells

The correct order of events in tissue repair, from first to last, is ________.

inflammation, organization, and regeneration


Intercalated discs
and striations are found in skeletal muscle.


False

Which type of gland produces hormones?

endocrine glands

Mesenchymal cells are most commonly found in ________ connective tissue.

embryonic


Nervous tissue
consists mainly of neurons and collagen fibers.


False

In connective tissue, the role of collagen fibers is to ________.

provide tensile strength

Smooth muscle ________.

is under involuntary control

Which tissues have little to no functional regenerative capacity?

cardiac muscle and nervous tissue in the brain and spinal cord

The shock-absorbing pads between the vertebrae are formed of fibrocartilage.

TRUE

Which is the most atypical connective tissue since it does not
connect things or provide structural support?

blood

What tissue has lacunae, calcium salts, and blood vessels?

osseous tissue

Which statement best describes connective tissue?

usually contains a large amount of matrix

Squamous cells are flattened and scalelike when mature.

TRUE

Injured cartilage might heal more quickly if a treatment were
discovered that would __________.

stimulate blood vessels to develop within cartilage

Groups of cells that are similar in structure and perform a common or
related function form a(n) ________.

tissue