Anatomy lab 2 final Flashcards

During the process of renal reabsorption fluid moves from the

renal tubule into the peritubular capillaries

Which of the following lists the anatomical structures in correct
order as they are encountered by blood and filtered fluid during the
process of filtration?

afferent arteriole, Glomerular capillaries, Bowman's capsule

What happens to the glomerular filtration rate as the afferent radius
was increased [keeping everything else constant] and why ?

The rate increased as flow and glomerular filtration pressure increased

If you decrease the efferent arteriole radius and keep all other
variable constant the volume of urine flowing into the urinary bladder would:


What would happen to the glomerular filtration rate if the efferent
radius was increased keeping all other parameters constant?

The rate would decrease

Caffeine consumption leads to increased urine formation. From the
results of the experiment you did on changing the radius of the
afferent arteriole you would conclude that

caffeine dilates the afferent arteriole

After the addition of aldosterone how did the volume of urine differ
from the previously measured baseline run?

The urine volume decreases

In the presence of aldosterone what component of the tubule fluid
moves out of the distal tubule and into the interstitial space?


After the addition of ADH how did the volume of urine differ from the
previously measured baseline run?

It decreases

What will happen to the urine volume and concentration [compared to
the baseline] in the presence of both ADH and aldosterone?

Urine volume will decrease and urine concentration will increase

Which part of the blastocyst forms the embryo?

inner cell mass

What is a solid ball of embryonic cells called?


The chorionic villi are part of?


When does implantation of the blastocyst in the uterus normally begin
to take place?

6 days after fertilization

The functions of the amniotic cavity and amniotic fluid are?

allows the fetus to move
protects the embryo from trauma
Allows the embryo to remain bouyant

When is the human embryo called a fetus?

at the end of the 8th week of development

Which of the following statements is FALSE about the ductus arteriosus?

The ductus arteriosus connects the pulmonary artery to the pulmonary vein

At which of the following stages does implantation normally occur?


The umbilical vein carries:

oxygenated blood

The foramen ovale shunts blood from the right atrium to the left atrium.


What is the phenotype of a person with genotype AB-- ?


What is the phenotype of a person whose blood group genotypes are
OO++ and OO+-


What are the possible genotypes of someone with a blood group of AB+ ?

AB++, AB+-

What are the possible genotypes for a person with B- blood group?


Someone who has the blood group BO could be said to be:


If the gene for freckles is dominant and written as F which of the
following genotypes will have freckles?

FF and Ff

Being able to taste the bitter chemical in brussel sprout requires a
dominant gene T. Which possible genotypes will tasters have?

Homozygous dominant and heterozygous

Females with normal color vision will have which of the following genotypes?


Females who are carriers for hemophilia have which of the following genotypes?


Males with colorblindness will have which of the following genotypes?


In order for a recessive trait to manifest both alleles must be recessive.


Which of the statements below describes accurately the action of LH
on reproductive organs in males and females?

LH causes release of testosterone from interstitial cells in males
and is responsible for ovulation in females

name of the muscle of the bladder








You should also know the action of the hormones on the kidney and how
they affect urine formation.


identify various parts of the male and female
reproductive system and know their functions


special features of any organ, , secretions, functions of
the secretions of the structures of the male and female
reproductive systems.


where do the ducts open


spermatogenesis and oogenesis


parts of the mammary gland