Poetry Terms


placed in the abyss" A mirror in the text. A self-reflexive element within the text "story within a story" situation, recreating itself over and over again. eg: can of condemned milk or play within a play of Hamlet


Elegos (GRE) for lament. mournful poem. usually depicts death but also loss (of time). elegiac meter is dactylic hexameter and pentameter. Pastoral elegy: invokes muse, inquiry into the cause of death, search for significance, procession of mourners, funeral rituals, attempted consolation. eg: Wordsworth "A Slumber Did My Spirit Seal" and Whitman "When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom'd" Elegy and loss themes: age/youth, childhood, golden age/youth, nature bc by its nature is dying. eg: Hopkins: "Spring and Fall" Frost "After Apple Picking


graphic, often dramatic, description of a visual work of art, poetry about a work of art. includes poem, work of art, artist and observer. eg Wordsworth: "Solitary Reaper" Auden: "The Shield of Achilles" Lowell: "For the Union Dead


poetry about poetry. meta denotes beyond, next, after, behind (not right in from of you). not a genre- a way of reading. every prom is in a way meta-poetry. Blake: "Introduction" Keats: "Ode on a Grecian Urn


interconnection among pieces of literature that have common reference points through allusion, direct quotation, genre, or style. developed by Kristen. vertical vs horizontal reading. each poem is influenced by every poem of the past. eg: Tennyson "In Memoriam 2" and Larkn "The Trees". Houseman "Epitaph on an Army of Mercenaries" and MacDiarmid "Another...


type fulfilled by anti-type. Biblical.


a reference to something literary, mythological, or historical that the author assumes the reader will recognize. eg: Boland's "The Pomegranate


type of love poem. to adorn or embellish. verbal description of coat of arms. in terms of the female body. verbal description or cataloguing of the parts of the body of a womaneg: Spenser "Amoretti 16" and Shakespeare "Sonnet 130

Carpe Diem

type of love poem. "Seize the day" uses the quick passing of time and nearness of death to convince lover to love passionately. eg: Marvel "to his Coy Mistress" and Calvin and Hobbes poem

Apollo and Daphne

type of love poem. reference to Apollo chasing after Daphne, essentially unrequited love. Chaucer "To Rosamund" Wyatt "My Galley


rhetorical figure in which words, grammatical constructer, or concepts are repeated in reverse order. ABBAeg. Cat in the Hat


the study of birds. personification of an animal as a poet or vice. or vice versa. emphasizes speaker apart from nature or closeness to it. speaker is changed or affected by nature by encounter with one of nature's people. eg: Kunitz "Robin Redbreast" Tennyson: "The Eagle"Dickinson "A bird came down the walk

Spenserian Sonnet

three quatrains and a couplet abab/bcbc/cdcd/eeeg: Amoretti 15

Petrarchan/ITA Sonnet

octave and sestet separated by volta. abbaabba/cdecdeeg:

Shakespearian Sonnet

abab/cdcd/efef/ggeg: Sonnet 130

Ballad Stanza

quatrains with abcb rhyme scheme. and alternating 4 stress 3 stress patterneg: Wordsworth A Slumber did My Spirit Seal

rhyme royal

a seven line iambic pentameter stanza rhyming ababbcc

In Memoriam

4 quatrains, iambic tetrameter. Tennyson.

heroic sestet

six line stanza. last two of which rhyme.