Psychology Chapter 1 Vocabulary

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Pysche

the human soul, spirit, or mind

-ology

study of, branch of knowledge

Psychology

the scientific study of behavior and mental processes, especially those affecting behavior

empirical method

gaining knowledge through the observation of events, the collection of data, and logical reasoning

Introspection

examination of one's own thoughts and feelings

Structuralism

understanding the conscious experience through introspection

Functionalism

An early form of psychology which focused on how mental activities helped and organisms adapt to its environment

Personality Pyschology

psychology that studies patterns of thoughts and behaviors that make individuals unique

Cognitive

The psychological approach that focuses on the way people perceive, process, and retrieve information

Psychoanalytical

The psychological approach that focuses on the unconscious mind and its effects on thoughts, feeling, and wishes.

Psyche is a word meaning

Soul

Behaviorism

The psychological approach that focuses on the way the environment controls behavior through learning

Biopsychology

The specialty in psychology that studies the interaction of biology, behavior, and mental processes.

Eclectic

A combination of psychological approaches used to help understand behavior

sociocultural

the psychological approach that attempts to distinguish universal psychological norms from those specific to a particular culture, race, gender, ethnicity, etc

humanistic

the psychological approach that focuses on the assumption that people are motivated to reach their full potential