Isolated radium in 1910
Established the patterns of heredity
Developed a vaccine for smallpox in 1796
Described the circulation of blood to and from the heart
Began public health and sanitation systems
Discovered X-rays in 1895
Father of Medicine
Discovered penicillin in 1928
Sir Alexander Fleming
Artist who used dissection to draw the human body
Leonardo da Vinci
Emphasis was placed on saving the soul and study of medicine was prohibited
Founded the American Red Cross in 1881
Earliest people known to maintain accurate health records
Began pasteurizing milk to kill
Used acupuncture to relieve pain and congestion
An Arab physician who began the use of animal gut for suture material
Developed the culture plate method to identify pathogens
Founder of modern nursing
Began using disinfectants and antiseptics during surgery
Created the first mercury thermometer
Developed the polio vaccine in 1952
What did ancient people think was the cause of disease and illness?
some supernatural powers
In the Dark Ages, what was the main method used to treat illness and disease?
prayer and divine intervention
Why was dissection a major advance in health care during the Renaissance?
allowed doctors to view body organs and see connections between different systems
What was the significance of the invention of the microscope in 1666?
allowed physicians to see organisms too small to be seen by the human eye
What did apothecaries use to make many of the medications in the 17th century?
plants and herbs
Why was the invention of the stethoscope in 1819 important?
allowed physicians to listen to internal body sounds
What is the name of the international agency sponsored by the United Nations that is constantly monitoring health problems throughout the world and taking steps to prevent pandemics?
world heath organization (WHO)
As a CAM practitioner, what are Chinese Medicine Practitioners beliefs based on?
belief that a life energy flows through every living person in an invisible system
The CAM therapy based on the belief that Chi (life energy) flows through meridians (pathways) in the body, and illness and pain occur when the flow is blocked.
The CAM therapy based on the use of substances called antioxidants to prevent or inhibit oxidation and neutralize free radicals.
The CAM therapy that uses special machines to produce negatively charged air particles or ions; used to treat common respiratory disorders.
The CAM therapy that teaches breathing and muscle relaxation techniques to quiet the mind by focusing attention on obtaining a sense of oneness.