Animal Terminology & Enterprises

Swine group

herd

swine adjective

Porcine

swine genus and species

Sus scrofa

swine act of parturition

farrowing

swine young male

boar

swine young female

Gilt

swine mature male

boar

swine mature female

sow

swine castrated male

Barrow

sheep group

flock

sheep adjective

Ovine

sheep genus and species

Ovis aries

Act of Parturition

lambing

sheep young male

ram lamb

sheep young female

ewe lamb

sheep mature male

ram

sheep mature female

ewe

sheep castrated male

Wether

equine scientific name

Equus caballus

equine young

foal

equine young male

colt

equine young female

filly

equine castrated male

gelding

equine mature male

stallion

equine mature female

mare

bullock

male bovine less than 20 months

hefierette

calved, didnt nurse

stag

castrated after sexual maturity

jack

male donkey

jennet

female donkey

Pure bred producer

using intense selection and selling animals or semen

purebred

animals eligibility for regisrty

seedstock

breeding animals

feed efficiency formula

f/g pounds of feed/ pounds of gain

cow calf producer

birth to wean

stocker-yearling

wean to 600 labs

feedlot

high energy feed to finish to desirable slaughter weight and degree of finish

purebred or seed-stock

primarily sell bulls to commercial producersalso sell heifers to other purebred producers

beef industry top country

Brazil

beef industry top state

texas

feeder pig production

produces pigs for sale at 40 lbs

feeder pig finishing

purchases and fed till slaughter

farrow to finish

produced to market on the same farm

swine top country

china

swine top state

Iowa

farm flock

Purebred and CommercialPrimarily in Midwest and West CoastMost have <50 head (but 100-150 not uncommon)Generally raise more lambs/ewe than range flocks

range flock

Most are in the West (TX, CA, WY, SD, UT)Account for ~80% of sheep population in U.S.Many have > 1000 head; some >5000

sheep feedlot

ready for slaughter at weaning > 1,000 head

sheep top country

China

sheep top state

Texas

horse top country

United States

horse top state

texas

ME

Mature Equivalent

top country head

india

top country dairy

United States

Top dairy state

California

importance meat

Amino Acids and Vitamin B12

modern land grant missions

teaching, research, extension

Animal Exploitation

absolute dominion

animal use

use is okay if it will benefit mankind

animal welfare

pro active in animal care

animal rights

change present use of animals

Ethology

The study of animal behavior in natural environment

vivisection

operation on a living animal for scientific investigation

bovine reproduction %

90%

porcine reproduction

12 born/litter10+ weaned

ovine farm flock reproduction

160-180%

ovine range flock reproduction

120-130 %

Equine Reproduction

90% foaling rate

bovine birth weight

60-100 lbaverage of 80lb

porcine birth weight

2.7-3.3 lb

ovine birth weight

Singles: 10-12 lbTwins: 7-9 lb

equine birth weight

100-120 lb

equine age at weaning

4-6 months

ovine age of weening reporting

90 days

ovine age of weaning actual practice

3 to 6 months

porcine age at weaning actual practice

2-4 weeks

porcine age of weening reporting

21 day

bovine weaning weight

450-550 lb

porcine weaning weight

3 wk: 12-15 lb4 wk: 15-20 lb

ovine weaning weight

70-90 lb

equine weaning weight

400-600 lb

bovine market weight

1000-1350

porcine market weight

250-290

Ovine market weight

90-120 lb

bovine ADG (birth to weaning)

1.8-2.4 lb gain/day

bovine ADG (growing phase)

1.3-2.0 lb gain/day

bovine ADG (feedlot)

3.0 - 4.5 lb/day

porcine ADG

1.7 - 2.2 lb/day

ovine ADG

Pasture: 0.4 lb gain/dayFeedlot: 0.6-0.7 lb gain/day

bovine F/G

pasture: 9-12 lbs high grain diet: 5-6.5 lbs

porcine F/G

2.5-3.2 lb feed/lb gain

ovine F/G

6-8 lb feed/lb gain

bovine dressing percent

60-62%

porcine dressing percent

70-72%

ovine dressing percent

50-52%