Chapter 1.1 and 1.2 Science Vocab

Cell

The smallest unit of living matter

Chlorophyll

a green chemical in plant cells that allows plants to use the Sun's energy to make food

Chloroplast

The part of the plant cell that contains the chemical chlorophyll

Tissue

A group of similar cells that work together at the same job

Organ

A group of tissues that work together to do a certain job

Organism

Any living thing that can carry out its life on its own

Organ system

a group of organs that work together to do a certain job

Protist

A member of a kingdom that contains one-celled and many -celled living things,some make food and some hunt for food

Bacteria/Bacterium

A member of either of two kingdoms of one -celled living things that have no nucleus in their cell body

fungus, fungi

Members of a kingdom that contains one celled or many celled living things that absorb food from their environment

Vascular

containing plant tissue through which water moves up and food moves down

Vertebrate

An animal that has a backbone

nonvascular

containing no plant tissue through which water and food move

invertebrate

An animal that does not have a backbone

Classification

The science of finding patterns among living things