abbreviations

AGN

acute glomerulonephritis

ARF

acute renal failure

ATN

acute tubular necrosis

BNO

bladder neck obstruction

BPH

benign prostatic hypertrophy (hyperplasia)

BUN

blood urea nitrogen

C&S

culture and sensitivity

cath

catheterization, catheter

CRF

chronic renal failure

cysto

cystoscopy

ESRD

end-stage renal disease

HD

hemodialysis

H2O

water

I&O

intake and output

IVP

intravenous pyelogram

KUB

kidney, ureter, bladder

PKD

polycystic kidney disease

RP

retrograde pyelogram

SG, sp. gr.

specific gravity

TURP

transurethral resection of the prostate

UA

urinalysis

UI

urinary incontinence

UC

urine culture

UTI

urinary tract infection

VCUG

voiding cystourethrogram

VUR

vesicoureteral reflux