Science- Chapter 2 Study Guide

Science- Chapter 2 Study Guide

What are the smallest units of life that carry out all of the functions of life?

Science- Chapter 2 Study Guide

The discovery of the _______________________ paved the way for the development of cell theory.

Science- Chapter 2 Study Guide

According to cell theory, where do cells come from?

Science- Chapter 2 Study Guide

Which of the following phrases or statements is not an original part of the cell theory?all living things are composed of one or more cellscells come from other cellsthe cell is the basic unit of lifeviruses carry out cellular processes are considered living

Science- Chapter 2 Study Guide

All living things have what in common?require carbon dioxidecontain a nucleusundergo sexual reproductioncomposed of one or more cells

Science- Chapter 2 Study Guide

Who was the first person to see cells under a microscope?

Science- Chapter 2 Study Guide

Which of the following scientists had NO part or played no role in the development of cell theory? Robert HookeMatthias SchleidenRudolph VirchowCharles Darwin

Science- Chapter 2 Study Guide

Cells are the building blocks of life. In Kingdom Animalia (and in some other kingdoms of life), cells group together to form...

Science- Chapter 2 Study Guide

Scientists classify cells into two categories. ________________ lack a nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles, while __________________ have a true-nucleus and complex, internal structures that are also membrane-bound.

Science- Chapter 2 Study Guide

Unicellular refers to organisms with ___________________ cell; while multicellular refers to organisms with ____________________ cell.

Science- Chapter 2 Study Guide

List the 4 macromolecules

Science- Chapter 2 Study Guide

Which of the following is NOT made of living cells? bacterialeaves on treeswatermushrooms

Science- Chapter 2 Study Guide

The basic unit of structure and function in living organisms is the -

Science- Chapter 2 Study Guide

What thin, flexible object covers the surface of animal cells and controls what enters and exits?

Science- Chapter 2 Study Guide

Which of the following is a thick, rigid coating on plant cells? *plasma membranemitochondriacell wallcytoplasm

Science- Chapter 2 Study Guide

The gel-like fluid inside of cells is known as -

Science- Chapter 2 Study Guide

Cell walls are primarily made of -

Science- Chapter 2 Study Guide

The control center of the cell is the -

Science- Chapter 2 Study Guide

Which of the following is not found in the nucleus? *DNA/RNAgenetic materialchromosomesmyosin fibers

Science- Chapter 2 Study Guide

Who is the powerhouse of the cell, because it provides energy by converting glucose to ATP?

Science- Chapter 2 Study Guide

Where would the genetic information be found in a plant cell?

Science- Chapter 2 Study Guide

The organelles in the cell float inside of the ___________________, a gel-like fluid.

Science- Chapter 2 Study Guide

Which of the following is not stored in vacuoles?

Science- Chapter 2 Study Guide

Which cell feature is responsible for making proteins, which serve as the workforce in the cell?

Science- Chapter 2 Study Guide

Plant cells contain two additional features that are not found in animal cells, what are they?

Science- Chapter 2 Study Guide

Which feature of the cell modifies, sorts and packages proteins, as well as plays a role in transporting lipids and lysosomes creation?

Science- Chapter 2 Study Guide

This is a large, folded structure in cells that has ribosomes attached to it. It works together with the ribosomes to synthesize proteins which are sent to to the Golgi Body. Which organelle is it?

Science- Chapter 2 Study Guide

This organelle serves as the clean-up crew by digesting or breaking down invading cells (or unnecessary materials), as well as breaking down old organelles. Which organelle is it?

Science- Chapter 2 Study Guide

This organelle can be found attached to the endoplasmic reticulum or floating through the cytoplasm. It's purpose is to create proteins. Which organelle is it?

Science- Chapter 2 Study Guide

The discovery of the _______________________ paved the way for the development of cell theory and exploration of the cellular world.

Science- Chapter 2 Study Guide

Which scientist is credited as being the first to see cells?

Science- Chapter 2 Study Guide

What process is being used when cellular energy is used to move materials from areas of lower concentration to areas of higher concentration?

Science- Chapter 2 Study Guide

What is it called when part of the cell membrane wraps around a particle (taking it in), forming a vesicle inside the cell.

Science- Chapter 2 Study Guide

Which function diffuses water molecules.

Science- Chapter 2 Study Guide

Which function moves substances from a lower concentration to a higher concentration?

Science- Chapter 2 Study Guide

When a cell takes in a substance by surrounding it with a cell membrane.

Science- Chapter 2 Study Guide

When a cell eliminates large substances by releasing them from vesicles into the area outside the cell.

Science- Chapter 2 Study Guide

Compare and contrast active transport and passive transport.