IED final review

1. How might we create the best possible solution to a problem?

Think outside the box/ brainstorm

2. What is the most effective way to generate potential solutions to a problem?

Brainstorming with a group and researching and testing possible solutions

What is an engineer? What types of work do engineers do?

A person who is trained in and uses technological and scientific knowledge to solve practical problems. They apply mathematics and scientific principles to better or improve life.

4. Why Keep an Engineering Notebook?

It proves the origin of an idea that led to a solution Proves when events or ideas occurredProves diligence in turning the idea into a solutionProves when an idea became a working solution.

5. What are the 4 best Practices for the Engineering Notebook?

Be neat, accurate, legible, and thorough

6. Explain the concept of proportion. How does the concept of proportion relate to creating a realistic sketch?

Paying close attention to the underlying basic shapes and the relative proportions of carious features of the object will allow you to more accurately reflect the true shapes and proportions of the object in your sketch

7. Why would the ability to create realistic sketches make a person a more competent designer?

Representing real objects and new idea sketches will make the design process more effective and efficient and will allow others to easily understand your ideas. It also allows them to communicate their ideas more clearly.

8. What is the purpose of sketching your ideas?

They provide a way to quickly and clearly communicate ideas

9. Define and differentiate invention and innovation.

Invention is a new product; something that has never existed beforeInnovation is an improved version of something that already exists.

what is A group technique for solving problems, generating ideas, stimulating creative thinking, etc. by unrestrained spontaneous participation in discussion


c) 1. A limit to a design process. Constraints may be such things as appearance, funding, space, materials, and human capabilities. 2. A limitation or restriction.


e) 1. An iterative decision-making process that produces plans by which resources are converted into products or systems that meet human needs and wants or solve problems. 2. A plan or drawing produced to show the look and function or workings of something before it is built or made. 3. A decorative pattern.


g) : A written plan that identifies a problem to be solved, its criteria, and its constraints. The design brief is used to encourage thinking of all aspects of a problem before attempting a solution.

design brief

i) A part of a design brief that challenges the designer, describes what a design solution should do without describing how to solve the problem, and identifies the degree to which the solution must be executed.

design statement

a book in which an engineer will formally document, in chronological order, all of his/her work that is associated with a specific design project.

engineering notebook

A full-scale working model used to test a design concept by making actual observations and necessary adjustments.


The systematic study of materials and sources in order to establish facts and reach new conclusions.


what are the steps of the design process?

define problemgenerate conceptsdevelop a solutionconstruct and test prototypeevaluate solutionpresent solution

what is a line which defines the center of arcs, circles, or symmetrical parts?

center line

what is a line which represents where a dimension starts and stops?

extension line

what is a line which represents distance?

dimension line

what is a heavy solid line used on a drawing to represent the outline of an object

object line

what are lightly drawn lines to guide drawing other lines and shapes?

construction lines

what is a line type that represents an edge that is not directly visible?

hidden line

what is a drawing which contains views of an object projected onto two or more orthographic planes?

multi-view drawing

what is a line which indicates dimensions of arcs, circles, and detail?

leader line

what is a method of representing three-dimensional objects on a plane having only length and breadth? also referred to as right angle projection

orthographic projection

what is an oblique pictorial where height, width, and depth are represented at full scale

cavalier pictorial

what is a sketch that shows an objects height, width, and depth in a single view?

pictorial sketch

what is a form of pictorial sketch in which vanishing points are used to provide the depth and distortion that is seen with the human eye?

perspective sketch