Driver's Education: Crashes-Causes and Prevention

in 2009, this many people died on our highways


An average of this many people died each day in motor vehicle crashes-one every 12 minutes; about 1/3rd were alcohol related


in 2009, these were this many crashes and 2,200,000 people were permanently injured

5.5 million

someone is injured in a car accident this frequently

every 14 seconds

traffic accidents are the leading cause of death of American children between these ages

2 and 14

in 2010, there was a total of over this many car crashes in the USA

5.5 million

an average of this many children ages 14 and under were killed every day in auto accidents in 2010


in 2010, this many children were injured every hour on average


this is the leading cause of death of American children

car crashes

about this many people involved in car accidents are permanently injured every year

2 million

this percentage of car crash deaths involved children 16-20 years of age


this percentage of crashes involve property damage


this percentage of crashes involve personal injury


this percentage of car crashes results in death


drivers under 30 years of age account for 23% of licensed drivers and comprise about this percentage of all fatal and injury collisions


this is the primary collision factor resulting in 28% of fatal and injury collisions while failing to yield the right of way accounts for 20%, and illegal or improper turns, 9%


if there is ice on the road, a driver should dive at this fraction of their usual speed


this is the first thing that should be done if a driver's hood flies up

they should slow down, then

the first thing that should be done if a vehicle stalls is this

the driver should turn on their flashers and pull over

if a driver's vehicle catches fire, they should retreat at least this far

100 feet

in the case of an emergency, reflective triangles or flares should be placed this far behind the vehicle

200-300 feet

these should not be used in fog or snowy conditions

high beams

in snowy or icy conditions steering is preferred to braking at speeds above this level

25 mph

if a roadway is wet it is recommended that drivers drive this much slower than usual

5-10 mph

in rainy weather. the following distance should increase by this much

it should double or triple

in a heavy rainstorm where drivers cannot see more than 100 feet ahead, they cannot safely drive faster than this speed

30 mph

this is when a driver's lose contact with the road


drivers should do this in response to hydroplaining

they should stop accelerating

while riving in residential areas, drivers should be looking this far ahead of their vehicle in order to spot and prevent against dangerous situations. it should increase to 20-30 seconds on the freeway

12-15 seconds

keeping one's foot on the pedal during an impact could result in this

shattered bones in the leg

a hit in run could result in this fine

1-5 years in prison and up to $10,000

accidents must be reported to the DMV within this time limit on traffic accident report form SR1

10 days

if a driver is involved in an accident that included a death, they must report it within this time limit

24 hours

failure to leave a note with a victim when they were not present is a misdemeanor and may result in this penalty

6 months in jail and a $1000 fine

lanes are sometimes referred to in number, starting on the left and moving right. in this order, the left lane is called this


1) A liability Insurance policy
2) A deposit of $35,000 with the DMV
3) Surety bond for $35,000 obtained from a licensed company
4) A DMV issued self-insurance certificate
The above are all examples of this

financial responsibility

Property damage liability, bodily injury liability, medical payments insurance, collision coverage, comprehensive coverage, no-fault coverage, uninsured motorist coverage, and under-insured motorist protection are all examples of this

auto insurance

this covers that the driver causes to other vehicles, people, or property

liability auto insurance

this insurance covers the damage that the driver causes to vehicles and property

property damage liability

this covers the payment of injuries or death inflicted by the driver

bodily injury liability auto insurance

this covers bodily injuries and funeral expenses for occupants in an insured vehicle up to stated amounts, regardless of who was at fault

medical payments liability auto insurance

this covers the cost of repairing or replacing the owner's car when the owner is at fault or when the owner cannot collect from the person who is at fault

collision insurance auto insurance

this type of insurance covers the cost of repairing or replacing the owner;s car if damage results form fire, theft, storms, flood, wind, vandalism, earthquake and riots

comprehensive insurance auto insurance

this allows drivers to recover the cost of their property if no one was at fault

no-fault insurance

these pay for injuries to the driver or their passengers in the event of a hit and run collision or if those who were at fault have no insurance or are under-insured. this covers medical bills, legal and court fees, and loss of wages

uninsured and under-insured motorist insurance

this covers the cost of towing and some minor repairs to the disabled care including dead battery, out of gas, flat tire, and tow to repair garage after accident

towing insurance

this is what a driver pays for their insurance coverage. most policies are for a 6 month period


this is the amount a driver agrees to pay toward their repair or replacement of a vehicle. their insurance company agrees to cover the balance up to the specified limits policy. the amount they pay can range from $100 to $1000


selecting a higher deductible will require this

a greater out of pocket expence

collision and violation record, age of principal driver, type of vehicle and miles driven, gender of driver, marital status, and location of the driver's residence are all factors that determine this

payment rates

purchasing a four-wheel anti-lock system and passive restraints, anti-theft device, being a good driver, having multiple vehicles insured, an economy car, if the driver is 55 or over and retired, if they are a part-time driver, they are a good student, or

lower insurance costs

this requires that all driver have a minimum liability coverage of $15,000 for a single death or injury, $30,000 for a death or injury for more than one person, and $5,000 property damage

the state

uninsured drivers may have this penalty for getting in a crash without insurance

4 year license reduction

this penalty may be implimented on any driver who fails to show proof of insurance

their license may be suspended

the presentation of false financial responsibility including expired or canceled insurance policies, bonds, certificates of self-insurance, or assignment of deposit letter is a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of up to $750 and this many days of jail time


if the DMV checks out an insurance claim and finds it to be false, they may suspend the driver's license for up to this long. to get their license back, the driver must provide evidence of financial responsibility and maintain it for the next three years

1 year

cosigners of a license accept liability of up to this cost for any one accident that may occur