The Americans Chapter 11

Fort Sumter

Federal fort in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina; the confederate attack on the fort marked the start of the Civil War

Anaconda Plan

A key point in the Union's war strategy was encircling the South as an anaconda squeezes its prey.

Bull Run

1st real battle, Confederate victory, Washingtonian spectators gather to watch battle, Gen. Jackson stands as Stonewall and turns tide of battle in favor of Confederates, realization that war is not going to be quick and easy for either side

George McClellan

American army general put in charge of Union troops and later removed by Lincoln for failure to press Lee's Confederate troops in Richmond

Ulysses S. Grant

Mr. Randall's favorite person in history and An American general and the eighteenth President of the United States (1869-1877). He achieved international fame as the leading Union general in the American Civil War.

Monitor v. Merrimack

First engagement between ironclad ships; fought at Hampton Roads, VA, on March 9, 1862.This battle ended wooden ship warfare

Robert E. Lee

A former union general that joined the South after Virginia seceded. He was in charge of the Confederate Army, and led it to many victories.

Antietam

A battle near a sluggish little creek, it proved to be the bloodiest single day battle in American History with over 26,000 lives lost in that single day.

Emancipation Proclamation

A law issued by Lincoln freeing the slaves in the confederate states. This made the civil war a moral war to end slavery.

copperhead

a group of northern Democrats who opposed abolition and sympathized with the South during the Civil War

conscription

A forced enlistment of citizens of a country to fight for their country.

Gettysburg

1863-General Lee lead the Confederate troops into Pennsylvania. He surprised the units in Gettysburg and the battle was the most crucial and bloodiest of the war. The victory at Gettysburg belonged to Lincoln and the Union. Turning point; last offensive a

Vicksburg

Grant besieged the city from May 18 to July 4, 1863, until it surrendered, yielding command of the Mississippi River to the Union.

Gettysburg Address

a speech given by Abraham Lincoln after the Battle of Gettysburg, in which he praised the bravery of Union soldiers and renewed his commitment to winning the Civil War; supported the ideals of self-government and human rights

William Tecumseh Sherman

Union General who destroyed South during "march to the sea" from Atlanta to Savannah, example of total war

Appomattox Court House

Famous as the site of the surrender of the Confederate Army under Robert E. Lee to Union commander Ulysses S. Grant

Civil War

A war between people of the same country that went from 1861-1865

Clara Burton

Launched the American Red Cross in 1881. An "angel" in the Civil War, she treated the wounded in the field.

total war

A war that involves the complete mobilization of resources and people, affecting the lives of all citizens in the warring countries, even those remote from the battlefields.

Andersonville

The most infamous prison in the south. There was no shelter. There was a huge population, and there were food shortages, overcrowding, and disease that killed about 100 men a day during the summer months.

secession

the formal withdrawal of a state from the Union

Confederacy

Formed in 1861 by the Southern states after their secession from the Union

Jefferson Davis

The President of the Confederate States of America

copperhead

Northern Democrats who advocated peace with the South.

Conscription

A draft that would force certain members of the population to serve in the army.

Battle of Vicksburg

Union achieved one of its goals which was to divide the confederacy into two