2-2 How the Cell Operates

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Chromosomes control the

Ribosomes

Ribosomes produce

Proteins for the cell

Job of Golgi bodies

To modify sort and package proteins for secretion
Produce covering

To tech the packaging room the the boxes travel on the

Assembly line

To reach the Golgi in the actual cell the chemicals must travel through the

ER

Nucleus is the

Control center

Chromosomes store

Infor

the Er transports

Transports materials

Golgi bodies

Package materials

Lysosomes

Release enzymes

Ribosomes assemble proteins

...

Fundamental building block of the body

Cell

How are certain cells in your stomach specialized?

Every cell in your body has one or more jobs to do
For example certain cells in our stomach make chemical substances to digest the food you eat protein

How many chromosomes in each human cell

46

Function of chromosomes

Store instructions for the cell activities

Where are proteins assembled

On ribosomes

Where is rna manufactured?

Nucleolus

Function of mRNA

To send ribosomes instructions from the chromosomes

What structure transports proteins

The Er

Function of Golgi

To coat a protein with a molecular layer that allows the protein to leave the cell

Lysosomes contain chemical substances called

Enzymes

Lysosomes use their enzymes to break proteins into

Amino acids

The ribosomes use these amino acids to assemble new

Proteins

Storage sacs

Vacuoles

Incoming nutrients are stored in vacuoles before they are broken down by

Lysosomes

To Assemble proteins and perform other functions the cell uses

Energy

Mitochondria produce _______ in the form that the _____ can use

Energy
Cell

Most famous

Vacuoles in plants

A lot les chromosomes equals

Cancer

Organ that can have triple number of chromosomes

Liver
Even number

What produces bad fat?

Liver

supine/prone

lying face up/lying face down

Protein synthesis

the formation of proteins by using information contained in DNA and carried by mRNA

Protein synthesis

Forming proteins based on information in DNA and carried out by RNA

DNA is your

Genes!!

Heart muscle is

Cardiac

Axial is up and down and appendicular is left to right

...

Hypertropy isn't

MULTIPLICATON

Cell engulfs a solid particle

Phagocytosis

Engulfing a liquid

Pinocytosis

Think of glioblastoma multiforme when what brain tumors come from cells...

Glial !!! Gliooo

Fat tissue

Adipose

uncontrolled cell reproduction or growth

Cancer

Epithelium in lungs

simple squamous epithelium

Mediastinum location

thoracic cavity

location of appendix

right lower quadrant