Miladys Chapter 23: Facials

Skin analysis

Important part of the facial treatment that determines what type of skin the guest has

Physician

Guests who have obvious skin abnormalities,such as open sores, fever blisters, or other abnormal-looking signs should be referred to a....

Upward circular movements

During an analysis procedure, cleansing milk is applied to the skin using what type of movements?

Inward

When removing cleanser in the eye, move outward on the upper lid and _______ on the lower lid

Skin type

Oily or dry conditions of skin cannot be permanently changes, only improved with treatments, are determined by the______

Pores

The amount of sebum produced by the sebaceous glands determines the size of the _____

Oily skin areas

Obvious pores on the surface of the skin indicate ______

Alipidic

Dry skin that is not producing enough sebum is also known as_______

Oily

Skin that appears shiny or greasy from clogged, dead cells in the follicle is ______

Ostium

The difference between closed and open comedones is the size of the follicle opening or ____

Anaerobic

Acne bacteria cannot survive in the presence of oxygen, and are______

Pustules

Pimples that have a pus head are called ______

Hyperpigmentation

Dark blotches of color on the skin caused by sun exposure or hormone imbalance are known as _______

Rosacea

Treatments that produce heat or stimulate the skin should be avoided for clients with the skin disorder_______

Surfactant

Foaming wash-off type cleansers contain a detergent that is also known as a _____

Toners

Products that are designed to rebalance the pH and remove remnants of cleanser from the skin are______

Stratum corneum

Cosmetology professionals are only allowed to use products that remove dead skin from the __________

Exfoliation

The process of removing dead cells from the surface of the skin is ______

Gommage

A cream-type enzyme applied to the face and rolled off the skin is a ______

Alpha-hydroxy acids

Exfoliants that dissolve the bonds and intercellular cement between cells are______

Peels

Salon alpha hydroxy acid exfoliants are often referred to as _______

Enzyme peels

Chemical exfoliants that work by dissolving keratin protein in the surface cells are known as ________

Powder enzyme peel

An enzyme peel that does not dry the skin and can be used during a steam treatment is the ____

Moisturizers

Products used to increase the water content of the skin surface are______

Humectants

Water-binding agents in moisturizers are also known as_______

Serums

Skin products that have a higher concentration of ingredients are_______

Massage cream

A lubricating that must be thoroughly removed for additional products to penetrate the skin is ______

Clay-based masks

Oil- absorbing masks that have an exfoliating and astringent effect, making large pores appear smaller are______

Gel masks

Masks containing hydrators and soothing ingredients that do not dry hard and can be used on sensitive skin are_____

Modelage masks

Masks that contain special crystals and dry to a plaster-like consistency are_____

Gauze

A thin, open-meshed cotton fabric that's used to hold mask products on the face

Massage

The manual or mechanical manipulation of the body rubbing, kneading or other movement

Duration of each manipulation

The impact of a massage treatment depends on the amount of pressure, direction of movement and _______

Insertion, origin

The direction of movement in massage should always be from _____ of the muscle toward its _______.

Effleurage

A light, continuous, stroking movement applied with the fingers or palms

Effleurage

Every massage should begin and end with the ______ massage movement.

Petrissage

A kneading movement that's performed by lifting, squeezing,and pressing tissue with light, firm pressure

Friction

Deep rubbing massage movement in which pressure is applied to the skin while moving over an underlying structure

Tapotement

A stimulating form of massage that consists of short, quick, tapping, slapping, and hacking movements

Motor point

The point over a muscle where pressure or stimulation will cause contraction of the muscle

Facial steamer

To soften skin tissues and follicle accumulations making them easier to extract, it's recommended to use ______ first

Moisturizer

To provide a buffer for the skin when using a brushing machine, apply a thick layer of cleaner or _____

Electrode

An applicator used to direct electric current from a machine to the clients skin

Just one

High-frequency electro therapy machines have how many electrodes?

Iontophoresis

The process of using galvanic current to enable water-soluble products that contain ions to penetrate the skin

High-frequency current

Nikolas tesla is credited with discovering ______

Acne-prone

Light therapy using a light emitting diode (LED) uses blue light to treat what type of skin?

Microdermabrasion

A mechanical exfoliation that uses a closed vacuum to shoot crystals onto the skin

Cotton pads

During a light ray treatment, the clients eyes should be protected with these

Aromatherapy

The therapeutic use of essential oils for beauty and health treatment