FINC 409: Chapter 9

1. A famous athlete is awarded a contract that stipulates equal payments to be made monthly over a period of five years. To determine the value of the contract today, you would need to use:
a. present value of a single lump sum
b. future value of a single

c. present value of an annuity
annuity ? series of equal payments (receipts) that occur over a number of time periods

2. You need to have $35,000 on hand to buy a new Lexus five years from today. To achieve that goal, you want to know how much you must invest today in a certificate of deposit guaranteed to return you 3% per year. To help determine how much to investment

a. present value of a single lump sum
the $35,000 you need 5 years from now is a single lump sum ? use present value

3. Which of the following characteristics is not descriptive of an amortization schedule?
a. Each payment is the same.
b. The same dollar amount of interest is paid with each payment.
c. Payment on principal increases with each total payment.
d. Balance o

b. The same dollar amount of interest is paid with each payment.
the dollar amount decreases

4. Which of the following terms best describes an annuity due?
a. decreasing payments
b. increasing payments
c. payment at beginning of year
d. payment at the end of the year

c. payment at beginning of year

5. Which of the following statements is false?
a. The present value of a future sum decreases as the discount rate increases.
b. If the present value of a sum is equal to its future value, the interest rate must be zero.
c. If the discount (or interest) r

d. For a given APR, the present value of a future sum decreases as the number of discounting periods per year decreases.
you would need to deposit more today if there a fewer compounding (discounting) periods

6. Suppose you have a choice of two equally risky annuities, each paying $1,000 per year for 20 years. One is an annuity due, while the other is an ordinary annuity. Which annuity should you choose?
a. the ordinary annuity
b. the annuity due
c. either one

b. the annuity due
with the annuity due payments are received sooner ? worth more today

7. Which of the following statements is false?
a. For a given APR, more frequent compounding results in additional return on the investment.
b. An amortized loan is repaid in equal payments over a specified time period.
c. The effective annual rate is det

c. The effective annual rate is determined by multiplying the interest rate charged per period by the number of periods in a year.

8. The _________ value of a savings or investment is its amount or value at the current time.
a. present
b. future
c. book
d. none of the above

a. present

9. If the stated or nominal interest rate is 10 percent and the inflation rate is 4 percent, the net or differential compounding rate would be ________ percent
a. ten
b. six
c. four
d. fourteen

b. six
10% - 4% = 6%

10. A loan that is repaid in equal payments over a specified time period is called a (n)
a. discount loan
b. balloon loan
c. amortized loan
d. none of the above

c. amortized loan

11. A loan that is repaid in equal payments over a specified time period is referred to as a (n):
a. discounted loan
b. amortized loan
c. simple interest-free loan
d. inflation-indexed loan

b. amortized loan

12. The method of calculating interest on a loan that is set by law is called the:
a. negotiated legal rate (NLR)
b. effective annual rate (EAR)
c. annual percentage rate (APR)
d. none of the above

c. annual percentage rate (APR)

13. Your college has agreed to give you a $10,000 tuition loan. As part of the agreement, you must repay $12,600 at the end of the three-year period. What interest rate is the college charging?
a. 8%
b. 9%
c. 11%
d. 6%

a. 8%

14. Larry deposited $5,000 in a savings account that paid 8% interest compounded quarterly. What is the effective rate of interest?
a. 8.00%
b. 8.24%
c. 8.33%
d. 8.46%

b. 8.24%
EAR = (1 + r)^m - 1 = (1.02)^4 - 1 = 8.24%

15. Taylor has just accepted a job as a stockbroker. He estimates his gross pay each year for the next three years is $35,000 in year 1, $21,000 in year 2, and $32,000 in year 3. His gross pay is received at the end of each year. Calculate the present val

c. $81,517.10
use PV formula; add each year together to get final answer

16. Kristen has just purchased a used Mercedes for $18,995. She plans to make a $2,500 down payment on the new car. What is the amount of her monthly payment on the remaining loan if she must pay 12% annual interest on a 24-month car loan? Pick the closes

b. $776.48
use PVA(n) = PMT formula

17. Lance deposits $2,000 per year at the end of the year for the next 15 years into an IRA account that currently pays 7%. How much will Lance have on deposit at the end of the 15 years? Pick the closest answer.
a. $39,981
b. $46,753
c. $49,002
d. $50,25

d. $50,258

18. Claire bought 100 shares of Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing in June, 1987 for $38 a share for a total investment of $3,800. She sold the shares in June, 1996 for $8,960. What is Cecilia's annual rate of return on her investment? Pick the closest
an

a. 10%

19. You borrow $10,000 to pay for your college tuition. The loan is amortized over a three-year period with an interest rate of 18%. The payments are made at the end of each year. What is your remaining balance at the end of Year Two? Pick the closest ans

c. $3,898

20. Megan puts $1,000 in a savings passbook that pays 4% compounded quarterly. How much will she have in her account after five years? Pick the closest answer.
a. $1,200.50
b. $1,220.20
c. $1,174.80
d. $1,217.50

b. $1,220.20

21. In 1983, the average tuition for one year in the MBA program at a university was $3,600. Thirty years later, in 2013, the average tuition was $27,400. What is the compound annual growth rate in tuition (rounded to the nearest whole percentage) over th

b. 7%

22. You want to buy a Volvo in seven years. The car is currently selling for $50,000, and the price will increase at a compound rate of 10% per year. You can presently invest in high-yield bonds earning a compound annual rate 14% per year. How much must y

b. $9,080.20

23. Taylor deposits $2,000 per year at the end of the year for the next 20 years into an IRA account that pays 6%. How much will Taylor have on deposit at the end of 20 years? Pick the closest answer.
a. $67,520
b. $73,572
c. $81,990
d. $75,686

b. $73,572

24. Your subscription to Consumer Reports is about to expire. You may renew it for $24 a year or, instead, you may get a lifetime subscription to the magazine for a onetime payment of $400 today. Payments for the regular subscription are made at the begin

a. 33 years

25. Your current bank is paying 6.25% simple interest rate. You can move your savings account to Harris Bank that pays 6.25% compounded annually or to First Chicago bank paying 6% compounded semi-annually. To maximize your return you would choose:
a. your

b. Harris Bank

26. You put $2,000 in an IRA account at Northern Trust. This account pays a fixed interest rate of 8% compounded quarterly. How much money do you have in five years? Pick the closest answer.
a. $2,914
b. $2,939
c. $2,972
d. $2,999

c. $2,972

27. You need $8,000 four years from now for a down payment on your future house. How much money must you deposit today if your credit union pays 5% interest compounded annually? Pick the closest answer.
a. $6,269.59
b. $6,581.62
c. $6,394.12
d. $6,189.83

b. $6,581.62

28. In 1976, the average price of a domestic car was $5,100. Twenty years later, in 1996, the average price was $16,600. What was the annual growth rate in the car price over the 20-year period? Pick the closest answer.
a. 5.89%
b. 6.07%
c. 7.12%
d. 8.23%

b. 6.07%

29. You deposit $1,000 in a long-term certificate of deposit with an interest rate of 8.81%. How many years will it take for you to triple your deposit? Pick the closest answer.
a. 11 years
b. 12 years
c. 13 years
d. 14 years

c. 13 years

30. Suppose you receive $3,000 a year in Years One through Four, $4,000 a year in Years Five through Nine, and $2,000 in Year 10, with all the money to be received at the end of the year. If your discount rate is 12%, what is the present value of these ca

a. 18,926.12

31. You have just won a lottery! You will receive $50,000 a year beginning one year from now for 20 years. If your required rate of return is 10%, what is the present value of your winning lottery ticket? Pick the closest answer.
a. $418,250
b. $425,700
c

b. $425,700

32. Consolidated Freightways is financing a new truck with a loan of $60,000 to be repaid in six annual end-of- year installments of $13,375. What annual interest rate is Consolidated Freightways paying? Pick the closest answer.
a. 7%
b. 8%
c. 9%
d. 10%

c. 9%
guess and check

33. Tracey deposits $5,000 in a five-year certificate of deposit paying 6% compounded semi-annually. How much will Tracey have at the end of the five-year period? Pick the closest answer.
a. $6,720
b. $6,690
c. $6,596
d. $6,910

a. $6,720

34. An investment will mature in 20 years. Its maturity value is $1,000. If the discount rate is 7%, what is the present value of the investment? Pick the closest answer.
a. $178
b. $258
c. $276
d. $362

b. $258

35. Assume that a borrower is willing to pay you $2,000 at the end of three years in return for a sum of money now. To receive a return of 10%, what is the most you should be willing to lend now? Pick the closest answer.
a. $1,503
b. $1,786
c. $1,802
d. $

a. $1,503

36. Assume a lender offers you a $25,000, 10%, three-year loan that is to be fully amortized with three annual payments. The first payment will be due one year from the loan date. How much will you have to pay each year? Pick the closest answer.
a. $8,042

c. $10,053

37. If we will receive $100 per year beginning one year from now for a period of three years with a 12% discount rate, what would be the value of our investment today? Pick the closest answer.
a. $230
b. $240
c. $250
d. $260

b. $240

38. If $1,000 were invested now at a 12% interest rate compounded annually, what would be the value of the investment in two years? Pick the closest answer.
a. $1,254
b. $1,210
c. $1,188
d. $1,160

a. $1,254

39. Suppose you were going to save $1,000 per year for three years at a 10% interest rate compounded annually, with the first investment occurring today. What would be the future value of this investment? Pick the closest answer.
a. $2,124
b. $2,310
c. $3

c. $3,641

40. What would be the future value of a CD of $1,000 for two years if the bank offered a 10% interest rate compounded semiannually? Pick the closest answer.
a. $1,720
b. $1,960
c. $1,200
d. $1,216

d. $1,216

41. The basic future and present value equations contain four variables. Which one of the following is not included?
a. present value (PV)
b. future value (FV)
c. interest rate (r)
d. inflation rate (I)
e. number of periods (n)

d. inflation rate (I)

42. $2,000 invested today at 6% in 3 years would result in a future value of: Pick the closest answer.
a. $2,000
b. $2,382
c. $6,362
d. $3,145

b. $2,382

43. An ordinary annuity of $5,000 invested at 8% in 5 years would result in a future value of (Pick the closest answer.):
a. $25,000
b. $7,345
c. $29,333
d. $31,680

c. $29,333

44. The present value of an annuity of $5,000 to be received at the end of each of the 6 years at a discount rate of 4% would be (Pick the closest answer.):
a. $26,211
b. $33,165
c. $3,950
d. $27,259

a. $26,211
PV and PMT formula

45. The present value of an annuity of $5,000 to be received at the beginning of each of the 6 years at a discount rate of 4% would be: Pick the closest answer.
a. $26,210
b. $27,259
c. $17,326
d. $18,365

b. $27,259
multiply the PV from a normal end of each year by
(1+ r)

46. If you have an account with a 21.5% annual percentage rate where interest is compounded quarterly, what is the effective annual rate of interest? Pick the closest answer.
a. 23.75%
b. 23.3%
c. 21.5%
d. 5.375%

b. 23.3%
EAR = (1 - r)^m - 1
r = 21.5% / 4 = 5.375%

47. Interest earned only on an investment's principal or original amount is referred to as:
a. simple interest
b. compound interest
c. discount interest
d. annuity interest

a. simple interest

48. When solving for the future value of an amount deposited now, which one of the following factors would not be part of the calculation?
a. present value amount
b. 1 plus the interest rate
c. 1 divided by the sum of 1 plus the interest rate
d. number of

c. 1 divided by the sum of 1 plus the interest rate

49. A series of equal payments or receipts that occur at the beginning of each of a number of time periods is referred to as:
a. an ordinary annuity
b. a deferred annuity
c. an annuity due
d. an extraordinary annuity

c. an annuity due

50. When compounding more than once a year, the true opportunity costs measure of the interest rate is indicated by the:
a. annual percentage rate
b. contract rate
c. stated rate
d. effective annual rate

d. effective annual rate

51. The interest rate that measures the true interest rate when compounding occurs more frequently than once a year is called the:
a. annual percentage rate
b. compound rate of interest
c. stated rate of interest
d. effective annual rate

d. effective annual rate

52. The interest rate determined by multiplying the interest rate charged per period by the number of periods in a year is called the:
a. annual percentage rate
b. compound rate of interest
c. stated rate of interest
d. effective annual rate

a. annual percentage rate

53. If the quarterly rate of interest is 2.5% and interest is compounded quarterly, then the APR is: Pick the closest answer.
a. 10.38%
b. 10.00%
c. 2.50%
d. 39.06%

b. 10.00%

54. If the quarterly rate of interest is 2.5% and interest is compounded quarterly, then the EAR is: Pick the closest answer.
a. 10.38%
b. 10.00%
c. 2.50%
d. 39.06%

a. 10.38%

55. If the APR is 12% and interest is compounded monthly, then the EAR is: Pick the closest answer.
a. 12.00%
b. 1.00%
c. 12.68%%
d. none of the above

c. 12.68%%

56. In future value or present value problems, unless stated otherwise, cash flows are assumed to be
a. at the end of a time period.
b. at the beginning of a time period.
c. in the middle of a time period.
d. spread out evenly over a time period.

a. at the end of a time period.

57. When the amount earned on a deposit becomes part of the principal at the end of a period and can earn a return in future periods, this is called
a. discount interest.
b. compound interest.
c. primary interest.
d. future value.

b. compound interest.

58. The future value of $100 received today and deposited at 6 percent for four years is: Pick the closest answer.
a. $126.25
b. $126.53
c. $141.85
d. $116.99

a. $126.25

59. The future value of $200 received today and deposited at 8 percent for three years is: Pick the closest answer.
a. $248.00
b. $251.94
c. $370.19
d. $218.55

b. $251.94

60. The future value of a dollar ________ as the interest rate increases and ________ the farther in the future is the funds are to be received.
a. decreases; decreases.
b. decreases; increases.
c. increases; increases.
d. increases; decreases.

c. increases; increases.

61. Lance plans to fund his individual retirement account (IRA) with the maximum contribution of $2,000 at the end of each year for the next 20 years. If he can earn 12 percent on his contributions, how much will he have at the end of the twentieth year?

d. $144,105

62. Collin plans to fund his individual retirement account (IRA) with the maximum contribution of $2,000 at the end of each year for the next 10 years. If Collin can earn 10 percent on his contributions, how much will he have at the end of the tenth year?

c. $31,875

63. Shannon plans to fund his individual retirement account (IRA) with the maximum contribution of $2,500 at the end of each year for the next 30 years. If Shannon can earn 10 percent on his contributions, how much will he have at the end of the tenth yea

a. $39,844

64. A hospital received a contribution to its endowment fund of $2 million. The hospital can never touch the principal, but it can use the earnings. At an assumed interest rate of 9.5 percent, how much can the hospital earn to help its operations each yea

c. $190,000.

65. The present value of an ordinary annuity of $350 each year for five years, assuming an opportunity cost of 4 percent, is: Pick the closest answer.
a. $1,303.14
b. $1,241.02
c. $1,620.46
d. $1,558.14

d. $1,558.14

66. A generous benefactor to the local university plans to make a one-time endowment which would provide the university with $150,000 per year into perpetuity. The rate of interest is expected to be 5 percent for all future time periods. How large must th

b. $3,000,000

67. $100 is received at the beginning of year 1, $200 is received at the beginning of year 2, and $300 is received at the beginning of year 3. If these cash flows are deposited at 12 percent, their combined future value at the end of year 3 is ________. P

c. $727.37

68. The present value of $1,000 received at the end of year 1, $1,200 received at the end of year 2, and $1,300 received at the end of year 3, assuming an opportunity cost of 7 percent, is: Pick the closest answer.
a. $2,500
b. $3,045
c. $6,516
d. $2,856

b. $3,045

69. The future value of $200 received today and deposited for three years in an account which pays 8 percent interest compounded semiannually is ________. Pick the closest answer.
a. $253.06
b. $251.94
c. $253.35
d. $212.27

a. $253.06

70. The future value of an ordinary annuity of $1,000 each quarter for 10 years, deposited at 12 percent compounded quarterly is: Pick the closest answer.
a. $17,549
b. $75,401
c. $19,655
d. $77,664

b. $75,401

71. What is the highest effective rate attainable with a 12 percent nominal rate? Pick the closest answer.
a. 12.00%
b. 12.55%
c. 12.72%
d. 12.95%

c. 12.72%

72. Kristen plans to start her college education four years from now. To pay for her college education, she has decided to save $1,000 at the end of each quarter for the next four years in a bank account paying 12 percent interest. How much will she have

c. $20,157

73. Assume your bank has a choice between two deposit accounts. Account A has an annual percentage rate of 7.55 percent with interest compounded monthly. Account B has an annual percentage rate of 7.45 percent with interest compounded quarterly. Which acc

a. Account A

74. The time value concept/calculation used in amortizing a loan is
a. future value of a dollar
b. future value of an annuity
c. present value of a dollar
d. present value of an annuity

d. present value of an annuity

75. If a savings bond can be purchased today for $29.50 and has a maturity value at the end of 25 years of $100, what is the annual rate of return on the bond? Pick the closest answer.
a. 5%
b. 6%
c. 7%
d. 8%

a. 5%

76. Lance would like to send his parents on a cruise for their 50th wedding anniversary. He expects the cruise will cost $15,000 and he has 5 years to accumulate this money. How much must Lance deposit at the end of each year in an account paying 10 perce

b. $2,457

77. Olivia borrows $4,500 at 12 percent annually compounded interest to be repaid in four equal annual installments. The actual end-of-year payment is: Pick the closest answer.
a. $1,323
b. $1,298
c. $1,482
d. $1,518

c. $1,482

78. Claire makes annual end-of-year payments of $5,043.71 on a four-year loan with an interest rate of 13 percent. The original principal amount was: Pick the closest answer.
a. $16,953
b. $15,002
c. $15,873
d. $16,417

b. $15,002

79. Megan owns stock in a company which has consistently paid a growing dividend over the last five years. At the end of the first year Megan owned the stock, she received $1.71 per share and in the fifth year, she received $2.89 per share. What is the gr

b. 14 percent

80. Shelby was given a gold coin originally purchased for $1 by her great-grandfather 50 years ago. Today the coin is worth $450. The rate of return realized on the sale of this coin is approximately equal to: Pick the closest answer.
a. 12%
b. 13%
c. 14%

b. 13%

81. Taylor owns stock in a company which has consistently paid a growing dividend over the last 10 years. At the end of the first year Taylor owned the stock, he received $4.50 per share and at the end of the 10th year, he received $4.92 per share. What i

d. 1%

82. A ski chalet in Vail now costs $250,000. Inflation is expected to cause this price to increase at 5 percent per year over the next 10 years before Larry and his wife retire from successful investment banking careers. How large an equal annual end-of-y

d. $22,108

83. Jonathan wishes to accumulate $1 million by making equal annual end-of-year deposits over the next 20 years. If he can earn 10 percent on his investments, how much must he deposit at the end of each year? Pick the closest answer.
a. $15,872
b. $50,000

d. $17,460

84. Megan is planning for her son's college education to begin five years from today. Megan estimates the yearly tuition to be $5,000 per year for a four-year degree. Tuition must be paid at the beginning of each year. How much must Megan deposit today, a

d. $12,173

85. Jonathan borrows $10,500 from the bank at 11 percent annually compounded interest to be repaid in six equal annual installments, with the payments being made at the end of each year. The amount paid toward interest in the first year's payment is: Pick

a. $1,155

86. Jonathan borrows $10,500 from the bank at 11 percent annually compounded interest to be repaid in six equal annual installments, with the payments being made at the end of each year. The amount paid toward the principal in the first year's payment is:

c. $2,366.91

87. Jonathan borrows $10,500 from the bank at 11 percent annually compounded interest to be repaid in six equal annual installments, with the payments being made at the end of each year. The loan balance at the end of the first year is: Pick the closest a

d. $9,173.09

88. Jonathan borrows $10,500 from the bank at 11 percent annually compounded interest to be repaid in six equal annual installments, with the payments being made at the end of each year. The loan balance at the end of the second year is: Pick the closest

a. $7,700.17

89. A wealthy inventor has decided to endow her favorite art museum by establishing funds for an endowment which would provide $1,000,000 per year forever. She will fund the endowment upon her fiftieth birthday 10 years from today. She plans to accumulate

c. $1,590,091

90. The present value of an annuity of $5,000 to be received at the end of every six months for 6 years at a 4% annual rate would be (Pick the closest answer.):
a. $26,210
b. $52,877
c. $53,934
d. $27,259

b. $52,877

91. Assume your bank has a choice between two deposit accounts. Account A has an annual percentage rate of 4.62 percent with interest compounded monthly. Account B has an annual percentage rate of 4.62 percent but with interest compounded quarterly. Which

a. Account A