Vocabulary Lessons 7 and 8

convoluted

(adj) complicated; intricate
syn: involved; jumbled
ant: simple; obvious

nexus

(n) a link, tine, or bond
syn: connection; correlation
ant: disruption; gap

gibberish

(n) nonsense; unintelligible speech
syn: babble; chatter; prattle

staid

(adj) showing dignity and often strait-laced propriety
syn: composed; serious; solemn
ant: agitated; excited; nervous

incumbent

(adj) obligatory; necessary
syn: required; essential
ant: voluntary; unnecessary

cogent

(adj) convincing; reasonable
syn: compelling; pertinent; influential
ant: ineffective; weak

entreat

(v) to earnestly request or petition
syn: importune; implore
ant: demand

churlish

(adj) boorish; vulgar
syn: uncouth; rude; surly
ant: courteous; polished; civil

coeval

(adj) of the same time period
syn: contemporaneous

inimical

(adj) unfriendly; hostile; injurious
syn: mean; malicious; harmful
ant: encouraging; flattering

dilatory

(adj) tending to delay or procrastinate
syn: dallying; laggard; unhurried
ant: diligent; prompt

anecdote

(n) a short account of an incident
syn: narrative

promulgate

(v) to announce; to make known
syn: declare; exhibit

livid

(adj) extremely angry
syn: enraged; furious; fuming
ant: contented; pleased

lurid

(adj) shocking; explicit
syn: sensational; extreme
ant: dull; boring; mediocre

puerile

(adj) childish; juvenile
syn: immature; infantile
ant: mature

inveigh

(v) to disapprove angrily; to protest
syn: berate; condemn; remonstrate
ant: command; laud; praise

ameliorate

(v) to make better; to improve
syn: enhance; upgrade
ant: weaken; damage; corrupt

renunciation

(n) rejection; refusal to acknowledge
syn: denial; refusal
ant: admittance; concession

vitiate

(v) to corrupt morally; to contaminate
syn: defile; devalue; spoil
ant: purify; clarify; cleanse

profligate

(adj) wasteful and immoral
syn: licentious; decadent
ant: virtuous; principled

otiose

(adj) useless; futile
syn: unimportant; worthless
ant: productive; necessary

lionize

(v) to assign great social importance to; to treat as a celebrity
syn: acclaim; exalt; honor
ant: ignore; overlook

recalcitrant

(adj) stubbornly resistant; showing opposition
syn: defiant; insubordinate; unwilling
ant: agreeable; obedient

pander

(v) to exploit weaknesses of others; to cater to the vices of others
syn: cajole; indulge

aleatory

(adj) dependent on luck or chance

asperity

(n) roughness or harshness; severity
syn: acerbity; transcibility
ant: mildness; kindness

unimpeachable

(adj) unquestionable; beyond doubt
syn: trustworthy; infallible
ant: questionable; flawed

allay

(v) to relieve; to alleviate
syn: calm; ease; pacify
ant: excite; intensify; agitate

exegesis

(n) an explanation of a text; a critical interpretation
syn: analysis; exposition; commentary