1.2-1.7 Vocabulary & More

____________ is designed to be very clear and work consistently every time it is used.

Formal Language

__________ is based on a set of very specific rules for communicating.

Formal Language

The print command in Python can be written as PRINT or print.

False

Print

Command displays text and numbers on the screen.

Compiler

Translates code to machine language.

Computer

An electronic device consisting of hardware and software.

CPU

Central Processing Unit - carries out program instructions.

Hardware

The physical machine; anything you can touch.

Input

The user sends information to the computer.

Main Memory

Short term memory; temporary-power off, all information is lost.

Output

The computer sends information to the user.

Program

Instructions that a computer follows, written in code.

Secondary Memory

Long-term memory; storage.

Software

Programs that run on hardware.

Escape Characters

Special characters marked with the \
\n - new line
\t - tab
\" - prints a quote
\\ - prints a slash

Comment

Notes in computer code for the
programmer- the computer ignores them.
Marked in Python with a #.

Output

Translates digital information to information humans can use.