Religion IV - Quarter One Exam - Vocabulary - Bertaut

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A definite set of forms for public religious worship, the official public worship of the Church. The Seven Sacraments, especially the Eucharist, are the primary forms of these kinds of celebrations.

Liturgy.

One of the three ecumenical documents.
Addresses the right of the individual to social and civil freedom with regard to religious matters.

The Declaration on Human Freedom (Dignitatis Humanae).

One of the three ecumenical documents. Speaks to the Catholic Church's relationship with other Christians.

The Decree On Ecumenism (Unitates Redintegratio).

One of the three ecumenical documents. Speaks to the Catholic Church's relations with non-Christians.

The Declaration on the Relation of the Church to Non-Christian Religions (Nostra Aetate).

The movement, inspired and led by the Holy Spirit, that seeks the union of all Christian faiths and eventually the unity of all peoples throughout the world.

Ecumenism.

From the root word for "gospel," the "sharing of the Good News.

Evangelization.

Giving testimony of one's religious faith to another.

Witnessing.

Traditional or ancient stories that help to provide a worldview of a people by explaining their creation, customs, or ideals.

Myths.

Torah.

Meaning "law" or instruction". First five books of the Hebrew Bible (The Old Testament).

Idolatry.

Giving worship to something or someone other than the one, true God.

Diaspora.

Term used to characterize the Jews not living in Judea for they were dispersed from their land.

Hellenization.

The adoption of Greek ways and speech as happened in the case of Jews living in the Diaspora.

Septuagint.

Word meaning "seventy". Seventy translators (Translating into Greek), working independently of one another, came up with exactly the same translated text from the Hebrew translation.

Kosher.

From the Hebrew word kaser, meaning "proper". Commonly, it refers to food permitted by Jewish dietary laws. Jews observe these laws to remind themselves that they are to be a holy and separate people.

Sadducees.

Jews who defined themselves as biological descendants of Zadok. Held a strict postion in the interpretation of the Torah. Did not believe in the doctrine of resurrection.

Pharisees.

Jews who held a loose interpretation of the Torah, using oral tradition and popular customs in their interpretation of the Law of Moses. Accepted the doctrine of resurrection.

Essenes.

Jews who were unknown until 1948. Possessed a monastic nature and a scrupulosity for the Law.

Rabbi.

Hebrew for "My Master" or "My Teacher". Became known as someone who was authorized to teach and judge in matters of Jewish law. Spiritual leaders in Judaism.

Talmud.

Two long collections of Jewish religious literature that are commentaries on the Mishnah, the Hebrew code of laws that emerged about 200 CE.

Testament.

Something that serves as a sign of evidence of a specified fact, event, or quality.

Monotheistic.

Subscribing to the doctrine or belief that there is only one God.

Sephardim.

A Hebrew word for "Spain", the Jews of the Mediterranean became known as this.

Pogroms.

Officially encouraged massacres and expulsions that were started against Jews in England.

Ashkenazim.

In Poland, and later other parts of Europe, Jews became known as this, from the Hebrew word for "German".

Yiddish.

Jews living in Poland under the name Ashkenazim developed their own language which was called this.

Ketuvim.

Third component of the Hebrew Bible. Wisdom writings.

Hasidism.

From the Hebrew meaning "pious," a movement within Judaism founded in 18th-century Poland where pious devotion to God is as important as study of Torah.

Zionism.

From the name Zion (The historic land of Israel), it is the movement with origins in the 19th century that sought to restore a Jewish homeland in Palestine in response to AntiSemitism.

Tanakh.

Jews tend to call the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament) this. It's an acronym for the three divisions of the Bible.

Nevi'im.

The second component of the Hebrew Bible. Prophets (Prophetic books).

Midrash.

The type of biblical interpretation found in rabbinic literature, especially the Talmuds. Assumes that the Scriptures provide answers for every situation and every question in life.

Sh'ma.

A statement recited daily by devout Jews. "Hear, O Israel, the Lord our God, the Lord is One.

Mitzvot.

A commandment of the Jewish law.

Covenant.

A binding and solemn agreement between human beings or between God and his people, holding each to a particular course of action.

Halakhic.

From the Hebrew meaning "way," Jewish law that covers all aspects of the life of an individual and of the community.

Shabbat.

The Jewish Sabbath. Celebrated from sunset Friday until sunset Saturday.

Pesach.

Retells the story of the Exodus. Commonly known as Passover. Each Jew celebrates being personally freed by God.

Yom Kippur.

Meaning "Day of Atonement". A day of prayer, fasting, and repentance.

Havdalah.

A religious ceremony that symbolically ends the Shabbat, usually recited over kosher wine or kosher grape juice.

Bimah.

The elevated platform in a Jewish synagogue where the person reading aloud from the Torah stands during the service.

Mezuzah.

Meaning "doorpost," a small parchment containing Jewish scripture, usually the Sh'ma, that is placed in a case on or near the right door frame at the home of an observant Jew.