Medical Terminology Chapter 3

Besides "lapar/o", what is the other combining form for the word "abdomen"?

abdomin/o

What is the term for a surgical puncture to remove fluid from the abdomen, also known as paracentesis?

abdominocentesis

List 10 suffixes that mean "pertaining to"?

-ac, -iac, -al, -ar, -ary, -eal, -ic, -ical, -ous, -tic, -ior

What is the term for an inherited disorder of dwarfism in which the bones of the arms and legs fail to grow to normal size?

achondroplasia

What is the combining form for the word "extremities" ?

acr/o

What is the term for enlargement of extremities after puberty due to pituitary gland problem?

acromegaly

What is the term for fear of heights?

acrophobia

What is the combining form of the word "sharp

acu/o

What is the term for "characterized by severe symptoms and a short course of illness"?

acute

What is the combining form of the word "gland"?

aden/o

What is the term for small masses of lymphatic tissue in the part of pharynx (throat) near nose and nasal passages

adenoids

What is the combining form of the word "fat"?

adip/o

What is the term for "fat"?

adipose

What is the term for fear of open spaces; an anxiety disorder?

agoraphobia

What is the suffix that means: pain?

-algia

What is the combining form of the word "amnion

amni/o

What is the term for a surgical puncture to remove fluid from the sac around the embryo?

amniocentesis

What is the term for the condition marked by reduction in the number of erythrocytes or in the amount of hemoglobin in blood?

anemia

What is the combining form of the word "vessel"?

angi/o

What is the term for "formation of blood vessels"?

angiogenesis

What is the term for X-ray imaging of blood vessels after injection of contrast material?

angiography

What is the term for surgical repair of a blood vessel?

angioplasty

What is the combining form of the term "artery

arteri/o

What is the term for a small artery?

arteriole

What is the term for hardening of an artery with collection of fatty plaque?

arteriosclerosis

What is the combining form of the word "joint"?

arthr/o

What is the term for joint pain?

arthralgia

What is the term for a decrease in size of a normally developed organ or tissue of the body; wasting away?

atrophy

What is the combining form of the word "armpit

axill/o

What is the term for the "underarm or armpit region"?

axillary

What is the term for a white blood cell (leukocyte) containing dark granules that stain with basic dye?

basophil

What is the combining form of the word "life"?

bi/o

What is the term for removal of living tissue for examination under a microscope?

biopsy

What is the combining form of the word "eyelid"?

blephar/o

What is the term for prolapse of an eyelid?

blepharoptosis

What is the combining form of the word "bronchial tubes

bronch/o

What is the term for inflammation of bronchial tubes?

bronchitis

What is the combining form of the word "cancer"?

carcin/o

What is the term for the process of production of cancer?

carcinogenesis

What is the term for cancer-producing?

carcinogenic

What is the combining form of the word "heart"?

cardi/o

What is the term for "pertaining to the heart"?

cardiac

What is the term for "disease of heart muscle"?

cardiomyopathy

What is the suffix for the word "hernia"?

-cele (pronounced "SEEL")

What is the suffix for the phrase "surgical puncture to remove fluid"?

-centesis (sen-TEE-sis)

What is the combining form of the word "drug"?

chem/o

What is the term for "treatment using drugs"?

chemotherapy

What is the combining form of the word "cartilage"?

chondr/o

What is the term for "softening of cartilage"?

chondromalacia

What is the combining form of the word "time"?

chron/o

What is the term for "continuing over a long period of time"?

chronic

What is the combining form of the word "colon'?

col/o

What is the term for a new opening of the colon through the abdominal wall to the outside of the body?

colostomy

What is the combining form of the term "urinary bladder"?

cyst/o

What is the term for a hernia of the urinary bladder?

cystocele (SIS-toe-SEAL)

What is the suffix that means cell?

-cyte

What is the suffix that means "pain"?

-dynia

What is the suffix for the word "excision"?

-ectomy

What is the term for a record of the electricity in the brain?

electroencephalogram (EEG)

What is the term for an instrument used to record the electricity in brain?

electroencephalograph

What is the term for the process of recording the electricity in the brain?

electroencephalography

What is the suffix for the phrase "blood condition"?

-emia

What is the combining form of the word "brain"?

encephal/o

What is the term for a leukocyte whose granules turn red with stain and whose numbers are elevated in allergic reactions?

eosinophil (ee-oh-SIN-oh-phil)

What is the suffix for the phrase "one who"?

-er

What is the combining form of the word "red"?

erythr/o

What is the term for a red blood cell?

erythrocyte

What is the term for a deficiency of red blood cells?

erythropenia

What is the term for the tube connecting the throat to the stomach?

esophagus

What is the suffix for "the condition of producing, forming, or formation of"?

-genesis

What is the suffix for the phrase "produced by or in"?

-genic

What is the suffix that means "record"?

-gram

What is the suffix for the phrase "Instrument to record"?

-graph

What is the suffix for the process of recording?

-graphy

What is the combining form of the word "blood"?

hem/o

What is the term for collection or mass of blood?

hematoma

What is the term for destruction of blood (RBCs)?

hemolysis

What is the term for stoppage of bleeding or circulation of blood?

hemostasis (hee-moe-STAY-sis)

What is the combining form for the word "liver"?

hepat/o

What is the term for enlarged liver

hepatomegaly

What is the combining form of the word "water"?

hydro

What is the term for the abnormal condition of fluid (water) in the kidney?

hydronephrosis

What is the term for "treatment using water"?

hydrotherapy

What is the term for an increase in size of tissue or organ; excessive development

hypertrophy

What is the suffix for the word "condition"?

-ia

What is the combining form of the word "groin"?

inguin/o

What is the term for "pertaining to the groin"?

inguinal

What is the combining form of the term "to hold back"?

isch/o

What is the term for when blood is held back from an area?i

schemia (ish-SKEE-mee-ah)

What is the suffix for the word "specialist"?

-ist

What is the suffix that means "inflammation"?

-Itis

Besides "abdomin/o", what is the other combining form of the word "abdomen"?

lapar/o

What is the term for visual examination of the abdomen?

laparoscopy

What is the term for incision of the abdomen?

laparotomy

What is the medical term for the voicebox

larynx

What is the combining form of the word "larynx"?

laryng/o

What is the term for "pertaining to the voice box"?

laryngeal

What is the term for "removal of the voice box"?

laryngectomy

What is the combining form of the word "white"?

leuk/o

What is the term for the disease of high numbers of malignant (cancerous) white blood cells?

leukemia

What is the term for a slight increase in white blood cells?

leukocytosis

What is the term for a deficiency in white blood cells?

leukopenia

What is the suffix that means "study of

-logy

What is the combining form of the word "lymph"?

lymph/o

What is the term for a mononuclear leukocyte that destroys foreign cells by making antibodies?

lymphocyte

What is the suffix for the phrase "breakdown, destruction, or separation"?

-lysis

What is the suffix for the word "softening"?

-malacia

What is the combining form of the word "breast"?

mamm/o or mast/o

What is the term for an X-ray record of the breast?

mammogram

What is the term for "resection (removal of) of a breast"?

mastectomy

What is the suffix for the word "enlargement"?

-megaly

What is the term for "spread of a cancerous tumor"?

metastasis

What is the term for a mononuclear leukocyte that is a phagocyte?

monocyte

What is the combining form of the word "shape"?

morph/o

What is the term for the study of the shape or form of the cells?

morphology

What is the combining form of the word "mucus"?

muc/o

What is the term for "resembling mucus"?

mucoid

What is the term for the epithelial membrane that secretes mucus and lines the tubular organs of the body?

mucous membrane

What is the term for the sticky substance that is secreted from the mucous membrane?

mucus

What is the term for a tumor of bone marrow (cancerous)

multiple myeloma

What is the combining form for the word "muscle"?

my/o

What is the term for muscle pain?

myalgia; myositis

What is the combining form of the word "spinal cord"?

myel/o

What is the term for inflammation of the spinal cord?

myelitis

What is the term for an X-ray record of the spinal cord?

myelogram

What is the term for a tumor of muscle?

myoma (benign) or myosarcoma (malignant)

What is the combining form for the word "death"?

necr/o

What is the term for viewing a dead body; autopsy?

necropsy

What is the term for abnormal death of cells?

necrosis

What is the term for "pertaining to death of cells"?

necrotic

What is the combining form of the word "kidney"?

nephr/o

What is the term for a specialist in the study of the kidneys?

nephrologist

What is the term for diseases of kidney?

nephropathy

What is the combining form for the word "nerve"?

neur/o

What is the term for nerve pain?

neuralgia

What is the combining form of the word "neutrophil"?

neutr/o

What is the term for deficiency of neutrophils?

neutropenia

What is the term for a granulocytic white blood cell that destroys cells by engulfing and digesting them; polymorphonuclear (PMN) leukocyte?

neutrophil

What is the combining form of the word "nucleus"?

nucle/o

What is the suffix for the phrase "resembling; derived from"?

-oid

What is the suffix for the phrase "little, small"?

-ole, -ule

What is the suffix that means "tumor"?

-oma

What is the combining form of the word "eye"?

opthalm/o

What is the term for the study of eye and eye disorders?

ophthalmology

What is the suffix that means "view"?

-opsy

What is the suffix for the phrase "full of; pertaining to"?

-ose

What is the term that means "condition"?

-osis

What is the combining form of the word "bone"?

oste/o

What is the term for "produced in bone or produced by bone"?

osteogenic

What is the term for softening of bones?

osteomalacia

What is the combining form of the word "ear"?

ot/o

What is the term for pain in the ear?

otalgia (oat-AL-jah)

What is the term for a surgical puncture to remove fluid from the abdomen; also known as abdominocentesis?

paracentesis

What is the combining form of the word "disease"?

path/o

What is the term for development of disease?

pathogenesis

What is the term for the study of disease?

pathology

What is the term for"pertaining to the study of disease?

pathologic

What is the suffix for the phrase "disease condition"?

-pathy

What is the suffix for the word "deficiency"?

-penia

What is the term for the double-layered membrane surrounding the heart?

pericardium

What is the combining form of the word "peritoneum"?

peritone/o

What is the term for pertaining to the membrane lining the abdomen?

peritoneal

What is the combining form of the word "to eat"?

phag/o (FAY-go)

Besides "ven/o", what is the combining form of "vein"?

phleb/o

What is the term for incision into a vein (includes drawing blood)?

phlebotomy

What is the suffix for the word "fear"?

-phobia

What is the combining form of the word "formation"?

plas/o

What is the suffix that means "development"?

-plasia

What is the suffix for the phrase "surgical repair"?

-plasty

What is the term for the cell that causes blood clots?

platelet

What is the combining form of the word "pleura"?

pleur/o

What is the term for "pertaining to the pleura"?

pleural

What is the term for pain associated with pleuritis?

pleurodynia

Besides "pulmon/o", what is the combining form of the word "lungs"?

pneumon/o

What is the term for fluid or infection in the lung?

pneumonia

What is the term for a white blood cell with multi-lobed nucleus and dark staining granules; disease fighting cell or neutrophil?

polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN); neutrophil, "seg

What is the suffix for the phrase "falling, drooping, prolapse"?

-ptosis (TOE-sis)

What is the term for prolapse, drooping and sagging of the upper eyelid?

ptosis (it can be a term or a suffix)

What is the combining form of the word "lungs"?

pulmon/o

What is the term for "pertaining to the lung"?

pulmonary

What is the combining form of the word "x-rays"?

radi/o

What is the term for the person who assists a radiologist in performing diagnostic x-ray procedures?

radiographer

What is the term for treatment using radiation, high-energy x-rays or other radiation sources?

radiotherapy

What is the combining form of the word "rectum"?

rect/o

What is the term for "hernia of the rectum"?

rectocele

What is the combining form of the word "kidney"?

ren/o

What is the combining form of the word "nose"?

rhin/o

What is the combining form for the word "flesh"?

sarc/o

What is the suffix for the word "hardening"?

-sclerosis

What is the suffix for the phrase "Instrument to visually examine"?

-scope

What is the suffix for the phrase "process of visual examination (with an endoscope)"?

-scopy

What is the combining form of the word "spleen"?

splen/o

What is the term for enlargement of the spleen?

splenomegaly

What is the suffix for the berry-shaped (spheroidal) bacteria?

-cocci (plural) or -coccus (singular)

What is the combining form of the word "clusters"?

staphyl/o

What is the term for berry or spherical shaped bacteria in a cluster formation?

staphylococci

What is the combining form of the word "twisted chains"?

strept/o

What is the term for berry of spherical shaped bacteria in a chain formation?

streptococcus

What is the suffix for the phrase "controlling, stopping"?

-stasis

What is the suffix for the phrase "new opening"?

-stomy

What is the suffix for the phrase "treatment"?

-therapy

What is the combining form of the word "chest"?

thorac/o

What is the term for a surgical procedure to remove fluid from the chest?

thoracentesis

What is the combining form of the word "clot"?

thromb/o

What is the term for "the clotting cell; platelet"?

thrombocyte

What is the term for deficiency of clotting cells?

thrombocytopenia

What is the term for inflammation of a vein associated with formation of a thrombus or clot?

thrombophlebitis

What is the suffix for the word "incision"?

-tomy

What is the combining form of the word "tonsils"?

tonsil/o

What is the term for "pertaining to the tonsils"?

tonsillar

What is the term for inflammation of lymph tissue in the throat?

tonsillitis

What is the combining form of the word "trachea"?

trache/o

What is the term for a new opening of the windpipe to the outside of the body?

tracheostomy

What is the term for an incision into the trachea?

tracheotomy

What is the suffix for the phrase "development, nourishment"?

-trophy

What is the suffix for the phrase "structure, tissue"?

-um, -ium

What is the suffix for the phrase "structure; thing"?

-us

What is the combining form of the word "vein"?

ven/o

What is the term for a small vein?

venule

What is the suffix for the phrase "condition; process"?

-y