medical law and ethics


health maintenance organization


exclusive provider organization


preferred provider organization

solo practice

physician practices alone

associate practice

physician agree to share expenses of facility

sole proprietorship

one physician employ others


managed by a board of directors


insurance company


financial assistance for the indigent


financial assistance for the eldery

medicare patients who are members of HMOs may now,by law

appeal o denial of treatment

a type of managed care in which selection of providers is limited to a defined group who are all paid on a modified fee-for-service basis is

exclusive provider organization

a legal agreement in which physicians agree to share a facility and stuff but not the profits and losses is

associate practice

the advantage of a corporations is that it

offers protection from loss of individual assets
may offer fringe benefits
will remain in effect after the death of a member

a physician who is board certified may be addressed as


MCOs are able to manage cost by

shifting some financial risk back to the physicians and hospitals

this federal legislation provides healthcare for indigent persons and is administered by individuals states


the managed care system

has a gatekeeper to determine who will receive medical treatments
provides a mechanism for approval for all nonemergency services
provides care for fixed monthly fee
includes HMOs,PPOs,and EPOs

the american college of surgeons confers a fellowship degree upon its applicants

when they complete additional training
when they have a documentation of 50 surgical cases during the previous three years