Medical terminology final

Chapter 1

...

Hyper:

Excessive, increased

-rrhexis:

Rupture

-plasty

Surgical repair

-sclerosis

Abnormal hardening

Neuro-

Nerve

Ab-

Away from m, negative

Intra-

Within, inside

-algia

Pain, suffering

Gastro-

Stomach

-ostomy

Surgical creation of an artificial opening to the body surface

Chapter 2

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Medial

Toward or nearer the midline

Lateral

Away from the midline, side of the body

Thoracic cavity

Chest area

Abdominal cavity

Middle of body, digestive organs

Cephalic

Toward head

Frontal plane

Divides body into front and back

Midsagittal plane

Divided body into equal left and right halves

Pathogen

Disease producing microorganisms, virus

Pathology

Study of disease

Physiology

Study of the functions and structures of the body

Proximal

Situated nearest to midline

Chapter 3

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Chondro-

Cartilage

Scoliosis-

Abnormal lateral curvature of the spine

Oss-

Bone

Arthritis

Inflammation of one or more joints

Myelo-

...

Costals

Ribs

Synovial fluid

Joint fluid

Cranial cavity

Skull

Osteoporosis

Loss of bone density

Closed fracture

...

Bursa

Cushion to friction areas

Chapter 4

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Ataxia

Lack of muscle coordination during movement

Myorrhexis

Rupture of tearing of the muscle

Origin

Where the muscle begins

Strain

Injury to the body of a muscle

Sprain

Injury to a joint, ligament is wrenched or torn

Hyperkinesia

Abnormally increased muscle function

Extension

Increasing the angle between 2 bones

Flexion

Decreasing the angle between 2 bones

Abduction

Movement of limb away from midline

Atrophy

Weakness or wearing away of tissue and structures

Chapter 5&6

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Erythrocyte

Mature red blood cells

Leukemia

Cancer where there is an increase level of white blood cells

Cardio-

Heart

Vein

Return oxygen poor blood to the heart

Artery

Carrying blood away from the heart

Ischemia

Insufficient supply of oxygen in the tissues

Bradycardia

Abnormally slow resting heart rate

Tachycardia

Abnormally rapid Reston heart rate

Hemorrhage

Loss of large amount of blood in a short amount of time

Thrombosis

Abnormal condition of a clot

Artheriosclerosis

Hardening of the arteries

Chapter 7

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Hypoxia

Deficient oxygen levels in body tissues and organs

Asphyxia

Loss of concourses , body doesn't get the oxygen it needs

Asthma

Chronic inflammatory disease of bronchial tubes

Bronchitis

Airways have becomes inflamed

Laryngitis

Inflammation of the larynx

Respiration

Breathing

Pneumonia

Serious inflammation of the lungs

Chapter 8

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-emesis

Vomiting

Enter/o-

Small intestine

Gastro-

Stomach

Hepatitis

Inflammation of the liver

Cholecystectomy

Surgical removal of the gall bladder

Diarrhea

Abnormally frequenting flow of loose or watery stools

Constipation

Bowel movement less than 3 times per week

Chapter 9

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Nephron

Microscopic functional units of the kidneys

Renal

Kidneys

Cystitis

Inflammation of the bladder

Cystocele

Hernia of bladder through vaginal wall

Edema

Excessive fluid accumulation in body tissues

Pyelonephritis

Inflammation of both renal pelvis and kidneys

Diuresis

Increase urine output

Chapter 10&11

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Meninges

System of membranes that enclose the brain and spinal cord

Concussion

Violent shaking or jarring up of the brain

Neuroplasty

Surgical repair of nerves

Encephalitis

Inflammation of the brain

Claustrophobia

Fear of being in tight spaces

Vertigo

Sense of whirling, dizziness and loss of balance

Coma

Deep state of unconsciousness

Radiculitis

Pinched nerve

Cephalagia

Pain in the head

Myopia

Nearsightedness, light rays focus in front of the retina

Electroencephalography

Records electrical activity of brain

Otitis media

Inflammation of the middle ear

Diplopia

Double vision

Cataract

Loss of transparency of the lense

Ischemic stroke

Most common stroke for old people

Chapter 12,13&14

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Cutaneous

Skin

Hormone

Chemical messangers

Dermatitis

Inflammation of the skin

Ovariorrhexis

Rupture of an ovary

Gonads

Sex cell producing glands

Xeroderma

Excessively dry skin

Insulin

Hormones secreted in response to high levels of glucose

Hirdi-

Hair

-gravida

Gonads?

Hysterectomy

Surgical removal of the uterus