Commercial Applicator

Sara Act III

Federal right to know

Emergency Release reporting

How and when to report accidental release(suchAs spill)of extremely dangerous substance

What is full name & acronym of the federal agency that regulates pesticides

Environmental Protection Agency

What is the full name &acronym of the law used to manage pesticides

Federal Insecticide,Fungicide, & Rodenticide (FIFRA)

Which of these things below is not something the EPA must do before a pesticide may be marketed in the U.S.

Consult the office of Pesticide Program

Which two answers are penalties defined by FIFRA for applicators who violate the law

Civil penalties when unintentional
Criminal peneltties when knowingly violated

Does FIFRA allow prision terms for criminal (inten.tional)violators

Yes, up to 30 days for private applicators and up to 1 year for commercial applicators

What are regulations

Interpretations of the law that have the force of law

What is meant by the term "reentry interval

The time right after pesticide application when the unprotected workers may not enter the treated area

Of the following states about EPArules on warning to workers, which is not true

Warnings of pesticide application must be given in writing

What is the EPA's pesticide registration decision based on


If the EPA decides that a pesticide poses a risk to workers, what can the EPA do

Set the reentry intervals to restrict workers from entering a treated area
Set restrictions on formulation or application rates
Require verbal or written warnings to workers

If the EPA decides that a pesticide poses a risk to consumers, what can the EPA do

Require longer pre-harvest intervals so pesticides residues will break down
Set restrictions on the frequency of application rates
Cancel or suspend use of the pesticide

Which federal agency sets food tolerances for pesticides


Which federal agency enforces food tolerances for pesticides


What is the purpose of the tolerance program

To ensure that U.S. Consumers are not exposed to unsafe pesticide residue in food

Which act is administered by EPA to manage all solid hazardous waste

Resource Conservation and recovery act

How can triple rinsed, used pesticide containers be disposed of

In an EPA-approved sanitary landfill

What kind of pesticide standards does FIFRA allow states to establish

Stricter standards than federal standards

Which agency administers the Hazard Communication Standard

OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration)

Pesticide applicators generate waste during normal work operations. Which of these items is not "regulated waste" under Federal Resource Conservation & Health Act(RCRA)

Triple rinsed used containers

Regulations interpreting the Transportation Safety Act are contained in 49CFR. What do these regulations cover

All safety aspects of transporting hazardous materials

What is the SARA III designed to do

Inform communities of hazardous chemicals in the area and provide community emergency response plans in the event of an accident

What is an endangered species

A plant or animal that is in danger of extinction throughout all or much of its range

Which federal agency determines what species are enrangered

Fish and Wildlife Service (OPP) of the department of the Interior

Who ultimately bears the responsibility of protecting endangered species from pesticides

You the applicator

Toxicity of a substance is its capacity to injure a living system


Acute exposure

Is a one time or short term exposure

Chronic exposure

Is a long term repeated contact with a pesticide

Dermal route

through the skin

Inhalation route


Oral route

Through the mouth


Lethal dose kills half the animals is a test lab


Is the capacity of a substance to injure or poison a living system, such as a human being, animal , a lake, or a forest

What is pesticide exposure

Coming in contact with a pesticide

Acute toxity

Refers to how poisonous a pesticide is after short term exposure

Acute exposure

Is a one time or short term contact with a pesticide

Chronic Toxicity

Is a delayed poisonous effect from exposure to a substance

Chronic Exposure

Is a long term repeated contact with pesticides

The effects of which type of exposure (acute or chronic) cN be more easily decked or studied


A pesticide dose is the --------of pesticide to which a surface plant
Or animal is exposed


Name the three routes by which pesticide can enter your body

Dermal, oral, inhalation

Some pesticides are poisonous no matter how they enter the body


Which pesticide solution is most likely to be absorbed through the skin

Oil based

Which areas of the body absorb pesticides quickly

Eyes, ears, scalp, genitals

Which two routes of entry are likely to be the most important to you

Dermal and inhalation

Which factor affects the toxicity of a pesticide

Route of entry, frequency and duration (rate) of exposure ,dose received

An example of a chronic effect is the drop in -------an essential body enzyme, caused by organophosphate a and carbamates


------ effects occurs at the site of contact with a pesticide while-------effects occur away from the point of contact

Local , systemic

Skin rash, nausea, eye irritation and dizziness are examples of -------toxic effects


LD50 means "lethal Dose Fifty". It refers to the amount of a chemical that kills---------the animals exposes to it in a laboratory test.

Half (50) percent

The smaller the LD50 value the less chemical required to be fatal, so the more poisonous the pesticide


Acute oral toxicity and acute dermal toxicity are measured as LD50 the higher the LD 50 the----------(more or less) toxic the pesticide


How is LD 50 used

LD50 is used with other tests to place pesticides in a toxic category and give them a signal word

LC50 means Lethal -------Fifty. It refers to the amount of chemical in the air that caused half of the test animals to die when they inhaled it.


Six milligrams per kilogram (mg/kg) is equal to -------parts per million


What signal word must be on the label for pesticides classified as "Relativity non toxic"?


What signal word must be on the label for pesticides classified as "Highly Toxic"?


What signal word must be on the label for pesticides classified as "Moderately toxic"?


What signal word must be on the label for pesticides classified slightly toxic?


The toxicity of a substance is its ability to cause injury, while -------is the risk or chance that harm will come using the pesticide.


Is a highly toxic material always very hazardous?

No, Iva highly toxic material is handled properly it could actually pose low risk or hazard.

Which of the statements is not true about a pesticide deposit

Most deposits remain on surfaces for a very long time

Which of the statements below is not true about a pesticide residue

Residues are found only on target crops and surfaces

A --------is the maximum amount of pesticide residue allowed on a harvested crop, set by the EPA


Can a harvested crop contain more than the set tolerance of a pesticide and still be legally sold?

No, it cannot be legLy sold

What margin of safety ("safety factor") does the EPA use to set tolerances

100 times

Food may have no residues at all because the residues may have degraded or the crop may have been treated with a minimum dose of a pesticide


Soil and plant surfaces may contain pesticide residue even when they are not directly sprayed with the pesticide


EPA sets two kinds of tolerances-------- ---------tolerances for pesticides that indirectly contact food; and tolerances for pesticides applied directly to food

Negligible residue, finite

Preslaughter interval or pre harvest refers to the --------- number of days allowed between the last pesticide application and the slaughter or harvest day


No pesticide mY be bought sold or used in the United States until it has federal registration for the product, the use and the label



Sandy and gravel soils allow water and pesticides to leach through quickly


Formulations are generally safest for bees

Sometimes even small environmental changes can reduce the chances of survival for fish and wildlife


When a pesticide evaporates and moves off target, this is called

Vapor drift

Which of these factors does not influence drift


Which of these additional factors does not influence drift

Reentry interval

Why should honey bees be protected

Because their work as pollinators is necessary for crop production

Pesticide residues can build in the bodies of animals, including man


Only pesticides that are applied incorrectly are likely to move downward with the or irrigation water into the water table


A pesticide becomes a pollutant and potentially dangerous when it is applied at a higher dose than recommended on the label or when it drifts off target


How should you change pressure to reduce liquid droplet drift

Reduce pressure to increase droplet size

What are the possible consequences of pesticide drift onto and pastureland or into drinking water?

People, pets, and livestock can be injured
Pasture grasses could be destroyed
Milk or meat could have illegal residues if cattle eat contaminated forage
Water may become too contaminated to drink

Pesticide pollution can help a pest you are trying to destroy by killing predators and parasites of the pest


An------- is a geologic formation of permeable rock, sand, or gravel that stores large amounts of water


Why are aquifers important

Because so many people use water from aquifers for drinking

What is the name given to to the complex/ predator cycle in which all animals (including man) take part

Food chain

The best protection against groundwater pollution is

Preventing contamination

At what level is man in the food chin

Near the top

An --------pesticide is one that builds up in animal and plant tissue


A --------pesticide is one that remains in the environment without breaking down


Even though a persistent pesticides remain in the environment, they do not always accumulate in animals or plants


An-------- ---------- is a plant or animal that is near extension throughout all or most of its range

Endangered species

Which of the following is not a process that causes pesticides to break down after application

Atmospheric degradition

Pesticides that degrade---------- in the environment are the least hazardous



Change and wash your clothes daily

Which is not a reason why pesticide accidents occur

Reading and understanding the labels

If you or your partner feels sick on the job, should you leave the work undone or try to finish it

If you or your partner feels sick get out of the Rea immediately and get help

How should you clean your washing machine after laundering pesticide soiled clothes

Run a complete cycle, but empty the cycle using hot water and detergent

The safest way to move pesticides is in the back of. Truck that has a steel bed with enclosed sides and. Tail gate


You should wear a wide brimmed chemical resistant waterproof hat(not a cap) when you are exposed to pesticide drift


You should store all clean protective equipment and clothing separately from stored pesticides


When you plan to work with pesticides, where should you look. For information about the protective clothing you need

On the pesticide label

During pesticide handling, you should wear both gloves and boots made of chemical resistant material


You should wear protective clothing when you are exposed to pesticide drift, but hardly ever when you are mixing and filling pesticides


When filling a spray tank, you should always stand with your head above the container and the filling hole of the spray tank


How should you prepare for an accidental spill of a pesticide

Have some kind of absorptive material available
Have bleach or hydrated lime for decontamination
Keep soap, detergent and water close at hand
Have a change of clothes avaiable

If a nozzle clogs up while you are spraying pesticides, the best way to clear it is to blow the nozzle out with your mouth


If the pesticide is not to toxic, it is ok to let children and pets play in the area while you are spraying there

Never let pets or children play in the area while you spray

When you are spraying near bee colonies, it is up to the owners alone to keep the bees out of your way or to remove the bees


How can you prevent accidents commonly caused by equipment

Choose safest equipment for your pesticide needs
Do not allow children or unauthorized people near pesticide equipment
Operate equipment correctly
Maintain equipment well

The length of time that should pass between treatment and returning to a treated area is called

Re entry interval

Regardless of the reentry interval stated on the label, you may renter a treated site after sprays dry , dusts settle and vapors disperse


Glove materials

Nitrile, butyl, neoprene, natural rubber(latex), polyethylene, pic,
Nitrile, butyl, & neoprene are good for both dry and liquid pesticides

When you finish sprayind

Wash first and then take off gloves

To apply moderately toxic (category Lloyd) or toxic (category l)

Wear clean dry protective suit


A simple blood test will show if you still have the normal amount
Necessary for your nervous system

What is the most common cause of pesticide poisoning for applicators

Shin contact

When should you wear elbow length, chemical resistant gloves

When handling any pesticide, except certain fumigant so and relatively non toxic products

Why not use cotton or leather when handling highly toxic pesticides

Because they absorb pesticide and hold it close to the skin

You must always wear a chemical resistant suit when handling toxic pesticides


How often should you wash your contaminated overalls


Should you ever wash the inside of your boots

Yes, after each use

When is it necessary to wear goggles or a full face shield

Whenever pesticide could contact your eyes
When you pour or mix concentrates
When you work with highly toxic spray or dust

Which type of hat is useful to protect your head and neck from highly toxic pesticides

Chemical resistant rain hat
Washable hard hat with no liner
Certain wide brimmed hats

Are cotton or felt hats adequate head protection against highly toxic pesticides


How do you know if a respirator is necessary

If the pesticide label says so

When must you always wear a respirator

Whenever mixing or filling highly toxic pesticides

Applicators who will be constantly exposed to small amounts of toxic pesticides for a day or several should wear a respiretor


When are cartridge respirators often used

For a relatively short exposure period to concentrated chemicals
For a long exposure period to low concentrations of toxic chemicals

What is the main drawback of cartridge respirators

Leakage around the face shield

Gas masks are used when the applicator will be exposed to toxic fumes in heavy concentrations or for long periods of time


When should gas masks be used with an independent oxygen supply

When you are exposed to unknown vapors
When you renter a fumigated area

Should you try to fit the respirator so that some air can leak in around your face


When should you replace the filter on your respirator

When it gets dirty or breathing gets difficult

How often should you change the cartridges on your respirator

Every 8 hours

To safely clean and store your respirator ; wash the face piece with detergent and warm water, rinse , wipe dry with clean cloth, store in a tightly closed bag


When handling highly toxic pesticides

You should always work in pairs

If you wash your face and hands first, it is alright to have a snack or a chew of tobacco while you are on the job


You may wear pesticide-soaked clothing again, without laundering as soon as the clothing drys


Cholinesterase tests show whether you gave been exposed to ---------or ------------ pesticides

Carbamate, organophosphate

You should wash your gloved hands before removing the gloves


Natural rubber protects against

Dry formulatons

Poison on skin

Quickly wash the poison off the person

The symptoms of pesticide poisoning are very different from all other types of poisoning


A person exposed often to small amounts of toxic material over a long period of time usually shows the same poisoning symptoms as a person exposed suddenly to a large amount of toxic material


Because each chemical family can attack the body in a different way , the symptoms of a pesticide poisoning are not all the same


What are some of the symptoms of mild poisoning

Headache, sore throat, fatigue

The symptoms of mild poisoning are similar to the early symptoms of acute poisoning


What are some of the signs of severe or acute poisoning

Fever, intense thirst, vomiting
Muscle twitches, pinpoint pupils

What are the three major chemical families

Organophosphates, carbamates, and chlorinated hydrocarbons

What is the very first thing to do when someone has been poisoned?

If you are alone with the victim, make sure he is breathing and not further exposed to poison
Call an ambulance or doctor

Your doctor should know which pesticide you normally use so he or she can obtain the ----------and keep it on hand


If poison is on the victims skin or in his eyes, it is most important to wash the victim with large amounts of running water


When someone inhales poison, wear an air-supplied respirator if necessary to protect yourself and immediately carry the victim to fresh air


If a person has swallowed a poison, you should make him vomit, except when

The victim is unconscious, or in convulsions
The victim has swallowed corrosive poison
The victim has swallowed a petroleum product

In many cases, swallowed poisons can be absorbed by ----------
-----------, which is mixed with water into a thick syrup for the victims to drink

Activated charcoal

Atropine tablets can be poisonous if misused. You should never use them to prevent poisoning


Which of the following is not a sign of shock


Which of the following is not a treatment for shock

Gently shaking the victim to keep him conscious

What is the best source for important information on all types of poisoning and their treatment

Poison control centers

Cultural controls

Plowing, crop rotation, removal of infected plant material,

Which of the following does not describe integrated pest management

IPM is an anti-pesticide approach to pest control

Which of the following is a benefit to IPM

IPM reduces pesticide hazards to people, wildlife, and the environment
IPM can save money for farmers, ranchers, and homeowners
IPM helps prevent insects, pathogens, and weeds from developing resistance to pesticides

The four basic steps or parts of Agricultural IPM are-----tactics, monitoring, assessment, and -------- tactics


In Agricultural IPM ----------, also called scouting, involves early pest detection and proper pest identification


Which of the following is not part of assessment in IPM

Carry out control measures to manage pests

Why is proper identification of pests so important

It enables you to treat the real source of a problem and not just the symptoms
It enables you to avoid injury to non target organisms
It helps you select the right pesticide for the job

In Agricultural IPM, economic thresholds represent

The most damage a pest population can do without causing economic loss

Which of the following are methods of control used in IPM

Biological, chemical, cultural
Genetic, mechanical, and physical

A pest is anything that

Injures humans, animals, crops, structure, or possessions
Competes with humans, domestic animals, or crops for food or water
Spreads disease to humans, domestic animals, or crops

---------- percent of all insects are considered pests


Name the three main body parts of an insect

Head, thorax, abdomen

Which of the following is an insect

Not a centipede,snow bug, mite

Diseases are caused by biological agents called


Which of the following organisms are associated with plant disease

Bacteria and viruses
Fungi and nematodes

Some weeds can be pests by

Causing hay fever in people
Poisoning animals that eat them
Hindering fish growth and reproduction

Which of the following types of plants lives more than 2 years


What does he term vertebrate mean

Animals with jointed backbones

Which is an example of a vertebrate peat


Any treatment made before a plant sprouts


Herbicide treatments made after the desired vegetation or weeds appear


Kills rats , mice, and other rodents


Chemicals used to control pest species of birdsavicides


A -------- is any chemical used to control pests


Insecticide is just another word for pesticide


How does systemic insecticide act on the pest

A systemic flows inside a treated plant and kills the pest when the pest eats the plant

Contact insecticides offer safety advantages in homes, while residual insecticides are useful when the insects are a constant problem


Miticides are very similar in action and application to--------


Of the two types of fungicides, ---------prevent plant diseases and ----------cure plant diseases

Protect ants

Eradicates often are used

When protect ants are too expensive or not available
When protect ants have not been applied on time
When a disease breaks out unexpectedly

Would you choose a selective no selective herbicide for weed control in a park


With herbicide applications, pre plant means before the desired vegetation is planted ---------- means before the weeds appear and --------- means after both the desired vegetation and weed appear


What kind of chemical is used to alter or change the plant itself

Growth regulators

Nematodes are

Tiny worm like organisms

A -------- inhibitor kills immature insects by interfering with their growth and molting

Chitin synthesis

Insect growth regulators attack a growth process found in insects so these chemicals are generally harmless to humans and other vertebrates


Although repellents should be used according to their labels, they are not registered like other pesticides with the EPA


The effect on beneficial insects is a primary concern when choosing a broad spectrum insecticide


Granular pesticides

Often are used on soil either to control ground pests or to treat plants systemically through the roots

Emulsifiable Concentrates (EC)

Advantage : moderate stirring
Disadvantage: liquid form can be absorbed easily through the skin, hazard to applicator

Water-disperable granules(WDG)or Dry Flowables(DF)

Wettable powders mix with water to form suspensions
Soluble powders dissolve in water to form solutions

When a pesticide is mixed with solvents, wetting agents, stickers, powders, granules etc. the finished product is called a


What is the common abbreviation of each of the following Wettable powder ---------- , emulsifiable concentrate------------, dust-----------, granules-----------.


Which of the following must you consider when choosing the best formulation for your job

Effectiveness against the pest
Type of application machinery needed

Which pesticide formulation is most often used in households, back yards, and other small areas


Which pesticide formulation can be dangerous if its punctures or overheated


Why are dust formulations usually not used outdoors on a large scale

They may drift away from target area

For which type of job are dusts not often used

To treat recreational areas

Which is not a type of pest that poisonous bait formulations are used to control

Centipedes and millipedes

Why are poisonous baits often used in small amounts

Because baits are needed only where pests gather

Granular formulations are made of larger, more uniform particles than dust formulations


What advantages do granules have over dusts and sprays

They drift less
The application is simpler
They penetrate dense foliage better

Why wouldn't you choose a granular if you were going to treat a tree or lettuce crop

Not enough will stick to leaves

Why choose a low concentrate liquid formulation if you want to be sure to get the right mixture

It is ready to be sprayed as purchased

What formulation would you choose if you wanted little visible residue and only moderate agitation

Emulsifiable concentrate

Which formulation is very hazardous because it is highly concentrated and absorbed by the skin

Emulsifiable concentrate

What is the difference between emulsifiable concentrate and flowables

Flowables start out as solids and emulsifiable so start as liquids

Would you choose EC or a WP if phytotoxicity might be a problem

WP: Wettable powder

You should wear a respirator when mixing solvable or Wettable powders


What formulation would you choose if you wanted to penetrate cracks, soil, burrows, and enclosed areas


Which is not a disadvantage of fumigants

Are difficult to apply

Safe mixing

Mixing poses greater risk of exposure

Texas Commission on Environmental Quality

For requirements on antisiphoning devices

Which pesticide formulations must be diluted before they are applied

Wettable powders and emulsifiable concentrates

When is the best time to add pesticide to the spray tank

Immediately before the appilication

Mixing is the time when you are most likely to be exposed to pesticide poisoning


Through which routes of entry are you likely to be exposed during pesticide mixing

Inhalation and dermal

---------devices keep spray mixture in the tank from escaping back through the hose into the water source


When you empty a pesticide container, you should rinse it out at least three times


You can mix all types of pesticides together without any problems


What does chemical compatibility mean

Mixing the pesticides will not reduce their effectiveness

How can you find out if two pesticides are compatible

Read the label

An----------is a chemical added to the pesticide mixture that makes an active ingredient more effective


For what kind of job would you use a spreader-sticker

For treatment of waxy leaf surfaces

The most hazardous activities involving pesticides are mixing and loading concetrates


For most pesticide sprays, what is the recommended water ph level

4 to 6

When a pesticide is spilled accidentally, what should you do first

Contain the spill

Air sprayers are used for spraying?


Mist blowers use a fan or whirling disk to breakup the spray droplets and use a-------


---------of a liquid into droplets is caused by the tearing of air


Clean clogged tips with a ----------bristled brush only


Which of the following is not a type of support equipment

A- filler pump
B- front end loader
C- sprayer

Which of the following must you consider in choosing pesticide application?

A- working conditions and type of target
B- pesticide information
C- possible problems
D- all the above
All the above

Dusters are commonly used by gardeners and pest control operators foe spot treatment of plants or small areas.

A- true
B- false

Seeders and fertilizer spreaders often can be used to apply granules without equipment adjustments.

A- true
B- false

A fogger is a good equipment choice when there is a sensitive area nearby and the wind is p

A- true
B- false

Which type of sprayer would you probably choose to treat a small garden in a residential area?

A- air blast sprayer
B- hand-operated sprayer
C- mist blower
Hand operated sprayer

In general, only homeowners have a good use for hand- operated sprayers

A- true
B- false

If you had to treat a large athletic complex containing several soccer fields, and water was not easily available, what type of sprayer would you choose?

A- low pressure boom sprayer
B- high pressure sprayer
C- Chandra operated sprayer
Low pressure boom sprayer

What sprayer would you use if the pesticide was formulated only as a Wettable powder and the target site had dense foliage?

A- low pressure boom sprayer
B- high pressure sprayer
C- ultra low volume sprayer
High pressure sprayer

Does a hydronic sprayer have low pressure or high pressure?

High pressure

What type of sprayer would you use with a Wettable powder formulation to treat an oak tree in a back yard?

A- low pressure sprayer
B- high pressure sprayer
C- hand operated sprayer
High pressure sprayer

Which type of sprayer is more likely to cause you to injure sensitive vegetation or wildlife by overdosing with concentrated pesticides?

A- low pressure sprayer
B- high pressure sprayer

You must increase pressure __________times to double the flow rate.


From which of the following may nozzles be made?

B -Plastic
C- Stainless steel
D-All the above
All the above

Among nozzle material, brass is the least resistant to wear?

A- True
B- False

Which pump does not have an automatic pressure relief characteristic?

A-Roller pump
B- centrifugal pump
C- Piston pump
Piston pump

Which is not an advantage of piston pump?

A- Manueverability
B- there is no leakage inside the pump chamber
C- Output is virtually unaffected by pressure

Which is a function of spray nozzles?

A-To regulate the flow of liquid
B- To atomized the liquid stream
C- To spread droplets in a specific pattern
D- All the above
All the above

Worn nozzle tips produce poor spray and __________flow rates than new nozzles.


You should replace a nozzle when it's flow rate varies _________percent or more from a new nozzle.


A sprayer should be cleaned after__________day (s) of use.


When cleaning a sprayer, you should fill and flush the tank with water at least _________times before using a cleaning solution?


The purpose of calibration is

To ensure that your equipment operates properly and uniformly applies the correct amount of chemical over a given area.

Replace your nozzle when it's flow rate is ______% greater or less than the average flow rate of all the nozzles.


Be sure all the nozzles have the ______ delivery?


Even when you have the right mixture in your tank, you can still apply the wrong amount of pesticide?

B- False

Once your sprayer is calibrated, it's delivery rate will remain constant.

B- False

If your sprayer delivers less spray to an area than you want it to, how would you change the rate?

A-increase the pressure
B-Reduce ground speed
C-Change to larger nozzles
D-any of the above
Any of the above

What must you measure to calibrate granular application equipment?

A-The ground speed of the spreader
B-The weight of the granules spread over a known area
C-The amount of granules placed in the spreader
The weight of the granules spread over a known area

You must calibrate granular application equipment each time you change granular products.


How many square feet in an acre?


Thirty-two ounces of water was collected from one spray nozzle in 30 seconds. What is the delivery rate in one gallons per minute(GPM)?

A-.03 GPM
B- .5 GPM
.5 GPM

How many square feet could you treat with a hand sprayer holding 1 gallon, if it takes 4 ounces of the spray mix to treat 100 square feet?


Nozzle discharge rate and sprayer calibration should be checked with clean water before adding pesticide.


An _______occurs when air near the ground is cooler than the air above it?


A fenced yard that is 200 feet wide and 300 feet long needs to be treated along a 6 inch band on the inside and a 6 inch band on the outside of the fence. How many square feet will be treated?


Wind can actually help reduce air pollution during an inversion?


Weather-wise applications can help you save money by saving the pesticide lost through _________and________.

Drift and run off

Windy day application increases hazard to you and the bystanders?


If pesticide drifts onto a non target area, causing injury or economic loss, the applicator is legally responsible.


Why must spray applications dry onto a surface before rain?

A-So the rain won't cause runoff of the pesticide
B-So the rain won't dilute the pesticide
C-Because rain water sometimes reacts with the pesticide and may harm the plant
So the rain won't cause runoff

What harm can pesticide runoff do?

A-It can harm no target plants
B-It can harm wildlife
C-It can pollute water
D-All the above
All the above

The weather factors reduce drift?

A- lack of wind, low temperature, and low humidity
B- lack of wind, low temperature, and high humidity
C-low wind, high temperature, and high humidity
Lack of wind, low temperature, and high humidity

What conditions make early morning or evening a good time for applications?

A-Wind speed is lower and humidity is higher than othe times of the day
B-Both wind speed and humidity are higher
C-Both wind speed and humidity are higher
Wind speed is lower and humidity is higher than other times of the day

When does inversion occur?

A-When air near the soil surface is warmer than the air above it
B-When the surface air has lower humidity than the air above it
C- When the surface air is cooler than the air above it
When the air surface is cooler than the air above it

Why should you carefully dispose of surplus pesticides and empty containers?

A- To prevent escape of pesticide wastes into the enviornment
B- To avoid potential health hazards to people and animals
C- To satisfy legal requirements

What probLems result from buying more pesticides than you can use?

A-Storage and disposal problems
B-Loss of pesticide effectiveness during storage
C-Unnecessary handling risks
D-All the above
All the above

What is the proper way to dispose of surplus concentrated pesticide that is still in its original container?

A-If it is unopened,return it to the mfg or distributor
B-Take it to a landfill
C-Give it to another certified applicator to use
D-A and C
A and C

If you Rhine out an empty container three times you can use it for another purpose or let children play with it


What should you do with rinse water if you can not add it to the take mix?

A-Just spread it over the ground
B-Applynit on a site with a similar pest problem
C-Save it and add it to the next tank mix
Apply it on a site with similar pest problem

How should you dispose of empty cardboard fungicide containers?

A-Triple rinse them and bury them
B-Dispose of them according to label instructions
C-Triple rinse and burn them
Dispose of them according to label

What should you do to dispose of metal containers, glass, or plastic containers?

A-Bury them
B-Burn them
C-Try to return them foe recycling
Try and return them

_________seals the pesticide container so they leaking of dangerous chemicals does not occur in the final disposal.


Certain methods of incineration are acceptable foe pesticide disposal?


Burial of surplus pesticides and empty containers is one of the preferred disposal methods