WTP Lesson 1


A written plan of government

constitutional government

a system of rule in which formal and effective limits are placed on the powers of the government


government by the people


the lawmaking branch of the British government


A form of government in which the people select representatives to govern them and make laws.

Unwritten Constitution

A constitution that is not a single written document. They consist of a combination of written laws and precedents

mixed constitution

constitutions that include elements of the rule of one, the few, and the many


A form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.)

Thomas Hobbes

A philosopher responsible for the Social Contract theory .

John Locke

English philosopher who advocated the idea of a "social contract" in which government powers are derived from the consent of the governed and in which the government serves the people; also said people have natural rights to life, liberty and property.

State of Nature

The basis of natural rights philosophy; a state of nature is the condition of people living in a situation without man-made government, rules, or laws.


A greek Philosopher who defined the 3 functions of every country.