WTP Lesson 1

Constitution

A written plan of government

constitutional government

a system of rule in which formal and effective limits are placed on the powers of the government

Democracy

government by the people

Parliament

the lawmaking branch of the British government

Republic

A form of government in which the people select representatives to govern them and make laws.

Unwritten Constitution

A constitution that is not a single written document. They consist of a combination of written laws and precedents

mixed constitution

constitutions that include elements of the rule of one, the few, and the many

Tyranny

A form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.)

Thomas Hobbes

A philosopher responsible for the Social Contract theory .

John Locke

English philosopher who advocated the idea of a "social contract" in which government powers are derived from the consent of the governed and in which the government serves the people; also said people have natural rights to life, liberty and property.

State of Nature

The basis of natural rights philosophy; a state of nature is the condition of people living in a situation without man-made government, rules, or laws.

Aristotle

A greek Philosopher who defined the 3 functions of every country.