Patient Care Skills Ch 1

Active Pathology

Interruption of normal body function at the cellular level

Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA)

A law passed in 1990 that requires employers and public facilities to make "reasonable accommodations" for people with disabilities and prohibits discrimination against these individuals in employment.


a mental or physical impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities

Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975 (EHA)

Focuses on ensuring all children, including those with disabilities, have access to free and appropriate public education

Functional limitation

Occurs when the loss of a system is sufficient to prevent the performance and routine tasks by an individual, such as performing activities of daily living (ADLs) independently and in a timely manner

Health and disease models

Models that describe a persons state of health

Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) 1996

A comprehensive set of standards and practices designed to give patients specific rights regarding their personal health information.


Results on the body cannot compensate or heal it self, with the result that the individual sustained loss of normal function of a system

individually identifiable health information (18 HIPAA identifiers)

Names/initials, all geographic identifiers smaller than a state, all elements of dates, telephone numbers, fax numbers, electronica mail addresses, Social Security numbers, medical record numbers, health plan beneficiary numbers, account numbers, certific

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) 1990

Federal law that passed in 1990 to replace EHA, which extends full educational services and provisions to infants and toddlers identified with disabilities.

International classification of function (ICF model)

Model which considers that a person's Health influences, and is influenced by, any disease or disorder that affects body functions and structures. Changes in body functions and structures may cause limitations in activities and social participation. Conte

Nagi Model

Model of health described with four sequential phases, 1- active pathology, 2- impairment, 3- functional limitation, and 4- disability

National center for medical rehabilitation research (NCMRR) classification model

Model derived from both the Nagi and WHO models. This model uses the term societal limitations instead of handicap. A classification for functional limitation is defined as the "restriction or lack of ability to perform an action in the manner or range co

Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 (ACA)

Expands access to insurance, increases protections, emphasizes prevention and wellness, improves quality and system performance, expands health workforce, and curbs rising health care costs.

Patient's Bill of Rights

summary of a patient's rights regarding fair treatment and appropriate information Which provides coverage to Americans with pre-existing conditions, protects a patient's choice of doctors, adult under 26 maybe eligible for coverage in a parents health pl

Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (504 Act)

Address is civil rights of individuals with disabilities (1) the provision of reasonable accommodations and (2) specification that no federal funding may be received by any entity that excludes the participation of qualified individual solely on the basis

riser height


tread depth

The horizontal dimension of a step, must be not less than 11 inches